Статья 'Этические подходы к нормативному регулированию использования генетически модифицированных организмов: европейский опыт' - журнал 'Международное право' - NotaBene.ru



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International Law

Ethical approaches towards normative regulation of the use of genetically modified organisms: European experience

Popova Ol'ga

Doctor of Philosophy

leading researcher at Institute of Philosophy of the Russian Academy of Sciences

143396, Russia, g. Moscow, ul. Goncharnaya, 14

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The subject of this research is the peculiarities of normative regulation of genetically modified organism within the European legal framework. According to the World Health Organization, genetically modified organism (GMO) are considered those, which genetic material underwent substantial changes obtained by artificial means. Such types of changes do not occur naturally, for example, as a result of mating or natural recombination. The ethical framework concept, which serves as the foundation of normative regulation of GMO in the European legal space, for a great while was associated with promulgation of the fundamental principle of precaution; as well with the new attitude towards innovation activity – the culture of precaution, established in the European cultural space. In the course of this research, the author applied the comparative legal method with attraction of a number of sourced of the European law and international law, which allowed giving a sense of ethnical-axiological components that underlies the regulation of GMO. The influence of the principle of precaution upon the formation of modern policy in the area of regulation of genetically modified organisms is presented. A conclusion is made about the paradigm shift due to transition from the policy of precaution, aimed at constraint of the potential risks of scientific and technical development, towards the implementation of innovation principle, which goal is the advancement of innovations.

Keywords: innovation principle, precaution culture, precautionary policy, precautionary principle, GMO regulation, biotechnology, the regulation of GMOs, genetically modified organism, GMO, GMO risk prevention
This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .

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