Статья 'Международно-правовые инициативы 1970-х гг. по глобальному противодействию коррупции: проблемы криминализации и администрирования сомнительных операций транснациональных корпораций' - журнал 'Международное право' - NotaBene.ru
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International Law
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International legal initiatives in the 1970’s on the global anti-corruption policy: the problems of criminalization and administration of questionable transactions of transnational corporations

Trofimov Egor

Doctor of Law

Deputy Director for Science, St. Petersburg Institute (Branch) of the All-Russian State University of Justice

199178, Russia, g. Saint Petersburg, 10-ya liniya V.O., 19, lit. A, kab. 36

diterihs@mail.ru
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DOI:

10.25136/2306-9899.2019.1.28900

Review date:

07-02-2019


Publish date:

24-04-2019


Abstract.

The subject of this research is the acts and other international legal documents of international organizations adopted or drafted in the 1970’s related to the questions of anti-corruption managements, practiced by transnational corporations in the accepting countries, including the acts and other document of the United Nations, Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development, International Labor Organization, and International Chamber of Commerce. The article also examines the related acts and other documents of administration and Congress of the United Stated of the 1970’s. The first wave of the global anti-corruption initiatives (1970’s) was caused by the negative attitude towards the activity of transnational corporations in the accepting countries. Within the framework of the UN “soft” law, were adopted the acts against corruption practices of transnational corporations. After the promulgation of the scales of illegal and unethical activity of North American corporations in the developing countries, the United States adopted the Foreign Corrupt Practices Act of 1977, as well as initiated the formulation of international documents of similar content. The corresponding documents were adopted by the Organization for Economic Cooperation (1976) and International Chamber of Commerce (1977), but they carried a recommendatory character and were referred to corporations, rather than the countries. During the 1977-1979, the subsidiary bodies of the United Nations Economic and Social Council upon the initiative of the United States developed a project of international agreement on the illicit payments, but encountered opposition from the majority of the developed countries, as well as generated discussions with the developing countries, due to which in the 1980’s this project was scrapped.

Keywords: soft law, international commercial transactions, bribery, illicit payments, transnational corporations, corruption, FCPA, UN, OECD, developing countries
This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .

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