World Politics - rubric Issues of war and peace
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MAIN PAGE > Journal "World Politics" > Rubric "Issues of war and peace"
Issues of war and peace
Spektor D.M. - Russophobia as a new antisemitism: from an interim measure to a measure of history pp. 20-33


Abstract: The research subject is the state of emergency concept – primarily in the interpretation of G. Agamben. This concept is considered in the two most significant aspects: in the political one (as it is interpreted by G. Agamben) and in the ontological (epistemological) one. The author ascertains the duality of the nature of the state of emergency, its ecstatic roots, traced in the logic of the slave-master relations and the ontological basis, the reconstruction of which is possible by means of a successive comparison of the notions of cognition and interrogation, investigation and research, condemnation and judgement, etc. The research methodology is based on the analysis and the reconstruction of the notions “investigation”, “procedure”, and “judicial proceedings” (substantiated in their genealogy by etymological closeness of the terms “history”, “truth” and “plaintiff”). The scientific novelty of the study consists in the disclosure of the genesis of the state of emergency from the early 20th century till the present days. The author demonstrates the continuity of the concept; proves that the role of “Jews” of the past century at present belongs to “Russians” and partly to “international terrorism”. At the same time, the general conditions of postmodernity leave a stamp on this role. 
Shapiro N.I. - Continuity and novations in U.S. policy in Afghanistan
pp. 26-45


Abstract: The research object is U.S. strategy in asymmetric regional conflicts in the Middle East. The research subject is the process of formation and implementation of U.S. strategy in the conflict situation in Afghanistan and its consequences for regional and international security. The author demonstrates the confrontation between the competing coalitions of supporters of different behaviour strategies in the conflict reflecting the fundamental contradiction in U.S. political elite between the supporters of interventionism and a moderate foreign policy line. The author reveals the elements of continuity and transformation of U.S. policy in the conflict situation in Afghanistan. The research is based on the traditions of the systems approach to studying international relations and world policy. The author uses the elements of the historical-political and structural-functional analysis. The author studies the role of a personal factor in the development of foreign policy decisions using the techniques of political psychology. The author concludes that as a result of complex socio-political interactions, foreign policy of a state can markedly differ from the subjective goals and preferences of particular participants of foreign policy process. The experience of modification of U.S. strategy in Afghanistan undertaken by the Administrations of Barack Obama and Donald Trump, shows that the basic guidelines of U.S. policy have been stable during quite a long period of time. The interpretation of the key goal in the conflict - the prevention of Afghanistan turning into a base for international terrorism - hasn’t changed for a long period of time. The reduction of involvement in the conflict, which started during Obama’s administration, is in compliance with U.S. long-term orientation to more prudent, pragmatic and selective involvement into conflicts on the periphery of the world system.
Karlova E.N., Ermolov N.A. - The place of private military companies within the public-private partnership system pp. 69-75


Abstract: The research subject is the conditions and prerequisites of the demand for private military companies. The research task is to compare the advantages and disadvantages of the participation of private contractors in military operations in Russia. One of the most disputable questions of this article is the regulation of their activity which can take several forms: unofficial control (social and corporate) and official (legislative regulation). The research is theoretical and based, mainly, on foreign resources, since Russia doesn’t have direct experience of use of private military companies in modern conflicts. The author applies general scientific methods: generalization, analysis, synthesis and comparison. The analysis of foreign experience shows that among the key social prerequisites to the rise of private military companies are the collapse of the bipolar world system, the decrease of reputation loss in cases of participation of the state in unpopular military campaigns, the redundancy of military specialists and technique, the evolution and increase of outsourcing in the military sphere, the influence of neoliberal ideology. In relation to Russia, doubts occur as to the two latter factors. During Serdyukov’s office, the idea of outsourcing has been discredited; the neoliberal policy is neither popular in Russia. The confidence in private companies is not among the typical features of Russian economy and mind. 
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