World Politics - rubric Political modernization of international relations
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MAIN PAGE > Journal "World Politics" > Rubric "Political modernization of international relations"
Political modernization of international relations
Vinogradova E.A. - Social-economic and political processes in the countries of ALBA in estimates of the European media pp. 1-12
Abstract: The active development of the Euro-Latin American relations began in the 1990s of XX century as a result of social and economic crisis affecting Latin America. By the beginning of XXI century, the EU has become for many countries in Latin America, and in particular to the countries of ALBA, the most important trading partner after the U.S. and China. In addition, as a result of the strained political relations between the countries of ALBA with the U.S. there was a marked convergence of the EU countries with the members of the regional association. European media criticism of U.S. actions in relation to the ALBA countries is dictated by the EU's attempt to counter the unipolar political structure of the world and to pursue an independent foreign policy of developing relations with Latin America, and in particular the countries of ALBA.
Gulieva E.F. - The foreign policy of India: the relations between India and the USA. pp. 24-50


Abstract: The Indian - American diplomatic relations have been continuing for several decades by now. They have not always been warm, but after the break-up of the Soviet Union, India re-evaluated its attitude to the USA.  In the last decade the relations between two states became closer, especially after the visit of the American President Bill Clinton to India. The military issues became a new subject for discussion, since in the XXI century India became a strong state with great nuclear potential. Within the context of the American global policy, India and the Southern Asia became regions of importance for the USA.  It was also pointed out that India achieved "a new global status", and its role goes far beyond its region.  Currently the dialogue between the USA and India reached a new level with mutual obligations. But the true wishes of these two states remain hidden behind the curtains of the political game.
Wu Y. - The US Indo-Pacific Strategy and the Indo-Pacific Regional Security Complex: development, relations and prospects pp. 80-92


Abstract: The subject of the study is the development, connections and prospects of the Indo-Pacific Strategy of the United States and the Indo-Pacific Regional Security Complex. The object of the study is the Indo-Pacific Strategy of the United States and the Indo-Pacific Regional Security Complex. In the theory of regional security complexes by B. Buzan and O.Vever, superpowers influence regional complexes and form them through the mechanism of "penetration". In today's multipolar world, it is extremely difficult for superpowers to fully penetrate the security system of a complex, but superpowers can still influence the internal structure of regional security complexes. Being the only superpower in the world after the Cold War, the United States plays an extremely important external role in promoting the emerging and developing Indo-Pacific regional security complex. This article, based on the theory of regional security complexes, analyzes the interaction of the United States, as an extraterritorial superpower, with the Indo-Pacific Security Complex, examines the impact of the Indo-Pacific Security Strategy on the region, and also explores the possibility of the United States achieving the ultimate goal of maintaining a hegemonic position through "penetration" into the Indo-Pacific security complex. The US Indo-Pacific strategy looks innovative, but in fact it is only a continuation and extension of the traditional Asia-Pacific strategy. Although it is difficult to ignore the role of the US Indo-Pacific Strategy in the formation of the security complex in the Indo-Pacific region, the internal forces of the complex and the laws of the development of the complex itself also lead to the fact that the implementation of the US Indo-Pacific Strategy faces great difficulties.
Zaryanov E. - Soft power as a characteristic feature of political influence of a superpower state in the multipolar world. pp. 89-122


Abstract: This article concerns specific features of influence of the superpowers upon the international political processes ongoing in the modern multipolar world. The multipolar world today is an international configuration, where the world is divided into the spheres of influence among the superpower states, and none of the existing power centers is capable of independently pushing its will into the other sphere without a wide-ranged coalition of powers. There is no method to change the amount of sphere of influence, rather than by force.  In such a situation the importance of the non-military influence in international relations, including soft power resources are regarded as politicians and legal scholars as an important resource for the foreign political power of a state claiming the status of the global center or an apex of power, in other words, the superpower status.  In spite of the disputes regarding intepretation of the term, it should be stated that the term "superpower" now returned into the lexicon of political science after it has been ignored by most American, Western European and Russian specialists in the sphere of international relations.  This article provides analysis of hte modern changes in the political map of hte world. It is pointed out that in the modern rapidly changing multipolar world the non-forceful methods of influence gain more and more importance, and they form the modern system of international relations.  The role of soft power and its cultural communication instruments for the political influence of superpowers in the modern global world is growing.  In the conditions of multipolar world the formation of the soft power potential as the means for national and international security becomes one of the key factors for the preservation of state sovereignty, territorial integrity of the state, consolidation of the society, formation of the conditions for successful resolution of the internal problems, and accordingly for the active foreign policy of the state. 
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