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Vinogradova E.A. - Information and communication guarantees for the ALBA states policy in the EU in the early XXI century. pp. 1-11

DOI:
10.7256/2306-4226.2013.1.725

Abstract: In the early XXI century the ALBA states started to apply the political communication technologies, which became new and efficient means for the formation of the foreign political relations with many African, Asian and the EU states. The beneficial conditions for their applications were formed by the speedy development of the information services sphere in the ALBA states. Therefore, informatization of the ALBA states facilitated the use of political communication technologies, such are reputation management, social diplomacy, inter-cultural communications in order to improve foreign political relations with the EU states.  Having improved the quality of government and embassy websites, information agencies aimed for the foreign audience, the ALBA states have managed to deal with their negative reputation, and to improve the level of social diplomacy by network communication with the European audience. Involving the European people, especially the youth movements, into the blog-based cultural relations and web-sites also shows the efficiency of political communications of the ALBA states with the EU.
Maurina E. - 20th anniversary of the trade of economic independence for political sovereignty pp. 4-17

DOI:
10.7256/2306-4226.2014.1.10453

Abstract: Following famous words of Professor Anis Bajrektarevic that: “the Atlantic Europe is a political power-house (with the two of three European nuclear powers and two of five permanent members of the UN Security Council, P-5), Central Europe is an economic power-house, Russophone Europe is an energy power-house, Scandinavian Europe is all of that a bit, and Eastern Europe is none of it.”, I wanted to examine the standing of author's place of origin in the ‘new European constellations’. What happens to a country which suddenly is free to govern its own territory and people? What is the biggest fear? Is it the inability to satisfy its population or a threat from the former conqueror? Should a country opt for the ‘shock therapy’ or experience gradual changes? How to deal with the privatization of state-owned institutions? The following lines objectively question how the well-being of the East-European nation has changed in 20 years since the collapse of the Soviet Union, and in the course of the country’s integration into the EU. The authoress also answers whether a small country like Latvia can actually preserve both its political and economic sovereignty. On a bigger scale, the findings suggest that the well-being in the Latvian SSR was better than it is today, while others strongly disagree. Furthermore, the author concludes that Latvia had to sacrifice its economical sovereignty in order to preserve its political independence. Is any other choice conceivable, now or in future?
Mamedov I.B. - Formation and Development of Political Studies of Transnational Corporations’ Activities pp. 6-18

DOI:
10.7256/2409-8671.2016.1.18425

Abstract: The author considers the process of formation of specific studies of the activities of transnational corporations within the Russian and foreign political science. The author analyzes the development of theoretical approaches in the study of TNCs as actors of world politics from the 1960s till present day. The paper defines the main factors having impact on the formation and transformation of the scientific researches vector in this sphere. Special attention is paid to the formation of a complex approach to the study of TNCs, according to which the corporations are the objects of interdisciplinary studies. The research methodology is based on the general scientific methods of analysis and synthesis, the comparative method, the system approach, and the method of historiographical analysis. The research novelty lies in the historiographical description of subject transformations in the sphere of the world economy, international law, global studies, international, and world politics. The practical importance of the conclusions lies in the creation of a theoretical and conceptual basis for the development of political studies of TNCs. 
Chzhen I. - Counterterrorism policy of Xinjiang Uyghur autonomous region of China pp. 10-19

DOI:
10.7256/2409-8671.2016.4.21545

Abstract: The research subject is the counterterrorism policy in Xinjiang Uyghur autonomous region of China. Special attention is given to the problem of terrorism in Xinjiang Uyghur autonomous region and the counterterrorism measures of China against the Uyghur separatist movement. The author considers the following aspects: the historical, economic and political reasons of separatism and religious extremism in the region; the generalization of the “terrorism” concept; the analysis of anti-terrorist and anti-extremist measures, taken by the Government of China. The author applies the historical method to study the causes of terrorism in Xinjiang Uyghur autonomous region, the method of generalization and comparison of facts, the analysis of the events, connected with the problem of terrorism in China. The author offers the ways to solve the problem of terrorism in Xinjiang Uyghur autonomous region of China via the settlement of the religious question, the promotion of the “bilingual education” concept, the stimulation of employment in this region, the increase of investments in education and the solution of the problem of ethnic segregation. 
Filatova A.A. - Opposition of the Latin American expatriate communities to the immigration policy of the President George Bush Jr in the USA in the XXI century. pp. 12-23

DOI:
10.7256/2306-4226.2013.1.726

Abstract: In the second half of the XX century there appeared a tendency to the strenghtening of the role of the Spanish-speaking Americans in the social and political life of the USA. It is related to the quality and quantity changes in the ethnical composition of the American society.  The Spanish-speaking Americans, together with the Afro-Americans and other national minorities took an active part in fighting for their civil rights, including their election rights.  The policy of the President George Bush, Jr, towards the Latin American immigrants in the XXI century  strengthened the information opposition between the "two Americas", which took place both within the US territory and throughout the American continent.  The Spanish-speaking Americans have considerable influence upon the formation of social, economic and foreign political courses of the state, and they also directly influence the transformation of the political bases for the Republican and Democratic Parties of the USA, as well as other political institutions of the American society. From the XXI century the Latino community became an important factor in the political history of the USA, and the political elites fight for the influence over the Latin community. The historical experience of the poly-ethnical American society allows to understand the important specific features of the political processes in the modern multinational states. 
Vylegzhanin A.N., Il'ina D.I., Dudykina I.P. - International legal stance of Denmark on the Arctic shelf (based on foreign legal sources) pp. 14-36

DOI:
10.7256/2409-8671.2016.3.18510

Abstract: The article studies international legal aspects of Denmark’s submission of 15 December 2014 to the Commission on the Limits of the Continental Shelf, in accordance with article 76 of the UN Convention on the Law of the Sea of 1982. In the context of the legal dimension of Russia’s national interests, the author notes that, according to this submission, Denmark claims to the part of the Continental shelf, which is significantly larger than the country’s Arctic sector, unlike Russia, which, having reduced its Arctic shelf by the actions of its Ministry of National Resources and Environment and Ministry of Foreign Affairs since 2001, claims to the area which is smaller than Russia’s Arctic sector. The author mentions the criticism of professors Gureev and Melkov of the decree of Russia’s Government of 1997, according to which Russia voluntarily refuses to delimit the Arctic shelf thus initiating the delimitation of its shelf from the “common heritage of mankind” area on the base of geological, distance and other technical criteria. The paper shows, how Denmark benefits from the ill-considered decisions of Russian Ministries, taking into consideration that the replacement of international legal principles of delimitation of the shelf with the technical criteria of delineation, realized by Russia since 1997, initially hadn’t met Russia’s interests, but met the interests of its competitors in the Arctic region, especially Denmark and in some degree – the USA. In this context, the author provides the scientific critique of the exchange of notes between foreign ministries of Russia and Denmark, which is attached to Denmark’s submission to the Commission, as an unbalanced treaty which doesn’t meet Russia’s national interests. 
Gusher A.I. - Political crisis in Ukraine pp. 15-26

DOI:
10.7256/2306-4226.2014.3.11502

Abstract: This article is devoted to the analysis of the political crisis in Ukraine in 2013-2014. Currently attention of all of the world is drawn to Ukraine. Ukraine and its problems are rather far from the top priorities and strategic goals of the USA, the EU and the NATO, while they are trying to convince themselves and the whole world that there is nothing more precious to them than protection of Ukrainian independence, democracy and well-being. In reality, their number one priority and main target is Russia. Ukraine is just a foothold for them. That is why they are so anxious to threaten Russia with various sanctions for being so persistent in the protection of its compatriots in Crimea and in the Southern and South-Eastern parts of Ukraine.  The military and political crisis in Ukraine put everything in its right places, and made the strategically situation in the world clear, giving us a good view on the true value of Russia and its democratic "friends and partners", as they are diplomatically referred to by the President of the Russian Federation V.V. Putin. The true value of their friendship is shown in the events regarding the Crimea and its inalienable right to self-determination and choice of their destiny.
Bairektarevich A. - Future of Europe (of Lisbon and generational interval) pp. 16-26

DOI:
10.7256/2306-4226.2013.4.9399

Abstract: The EU of social welfare or of generational warfare, the continent of debt-bound economies or of knowledge-based community? Is the predatory generation in power? Why the only organized counter-narrative comes as a lukewarm Mouse Mickey – between Anonymous and Pirate party, from the Wiki-leaky to Snowden-picky.Europe’s redemption lies in the re-affirmation of the Lisbon Strategy of 2000 (and of Göteborg 2001), a ten-year development plan that focused on innovation, mobility and education, social, economic and environmental renewal. Otherwise a generational warfare will join class and ethnic conflicts as a major dividing line of the EU society in decline.Back in the good old days of the Lisbon Strategy (when the Union was proclaimed to be the most competitive, knowledge-based economy of the world), the Prodi and Barroso Commissions have been both repeatedly stressing that: “at present, some of our world trading partners compete with primary resources, which we in the EU/Europe do not have. Some compete with cheap labor, which we do not want. Some compete on the back of their environment, which we cannot accept…” What has happened in the meantime?
Dobrokhotov L.N. - The Rise and Fall of Marco Rubio as a result of the first phase of the 2016 U.S. election campaign pp. 17-26

DOI:
10.7256/2409-8671.2016.2.18758

Abstract: Based on the detailed analyses of the U.S. media reports, the author shows the political profile of the U.S Senator Marco Rubio, one of the leading Republican Party candidates for the next American presidency in the 2016 election. The author gives Rubio’s political biography and studies his possible connections with mafia formations and corporations during the U.S. Senate election campaign as the state of Florida candidate, and his five-year stay at the Senate. Based on the trustworthy sources, the author states that Rubio's work hadn't been remarkable for any practical results, and didn't bring any benefits to the state of Florida. The research methodology is based on the system, structural-functional and comparative-political approaches, the methods of anaysis, synthesis, induction, deduction and observation. The article studies the history of Rubio’s failure in the presidential campaign, during which he, despite his young age, handsome appearance and declamatory skills, had shown himself a weak, dependent on the political technologies politician, who didn’t manage to withstand a siege with such a political heavyweight as Donald Trump and the Senator from Texas, the same as Rubio Cuban American, Ted Cruz. The author comes to the conclusion that the emergence of such politicians as Marco Rubio on the political arena as the leading presidential candidates speaks for a serious degradation of intellect and will of the U.S. ruling elite. 
Yastremskii A.M. - China's relations with its neighbors in the context of its territorial claims pp. 23-51

DOI:
10.7256/2409-8671.2015.3.15988

Abstract: The problem under consideration is very important due to the new polarization of the world and the strengthening of China’s role in the international relations. The article considers territorial acquisitions of China connected with the territories of Russia, the CIS member states and other countries. The tendency of annexation of “disputed territories” to China can lead not only to the local conflicts but to the unleashing of a larger-scale war. But so far China has been trying to solve its territorial problems peacefully by means of diplomatic and economic pressure and the expansion of its military power. The author uses the general scientific and the special scientific methods of research. The author concludes that the most important instrument of China used for the solution of many problems is a demographic factor. In the result of the great migration of peoples many tribes and nations were dissolved in the larger nations and disappeared. Apparently, it can be the future of Russia which is endangered by the migration of a significant part of the Chinese population on the territories of the Far East, Siberia, and, maybe even the European part of the country. The article considers the prospect of increase of this danger. This tendency should alert the Russian government. 
Naumov A.O. - The BRICS countries’ “Soft Power” (the case of Brazil and the Republic of South Africa) pp. 27-40

DOI:
10.7256/2409-8671.2015.4.17025

Abstract: The subject of the study is the potential and the main directions of “soft power” of the BRICS countries, namely the Federative Republic of Brazil and the Republic of South Africa. Brazil and South Africa are the rising powers of the present, with the claims on economic and political leadership, respectively, in the regions of Latin America and Africa. Despite the seeming differences, these countries have a lot in common. Apart from the BRICS membership, Brazil and South Africa are the centers of the unique civilizations, the engines of economic growth and integration processes in South America and Africa. Finally, they only start realizing their “soft power” policies on the international arena and often choose parallel courses, which is of a special scientific interest. The methodology of the research is based on the systems approach, the structural-functional and comparative approaches, the methods of analysis, synthesis, induction, deduction, observation. Today the “soft power” instruments are gaining special importance for the BRICS countries. After several years of a successful progressive development and economic growth, in 2015 the BRICS countries have faced new serious challenges. In the new circumstances, in order to maintain their positions on the international scene, the BRICS countries need to use the instruments of “soft power”. In Russian historiography the comparative analysis of the potential and the main directions of “soft power” of Brazil and South Africa is carried out for the first time. 
Pashkovskaya I.G. - The EU’s activities aimed at actualization of the legal foundations of the Economic and Monetary Union after the 2008 global financial and economic crisis  pp. 27-35

DOI:
10.7256/2409-8671.2016.2.19140

Abstract: To overcome the 2008 global financial and economic crisis and eliminate the reasons for such crises in future, the European Union had intensified its activities which resulted in two essentially new treaties in 2012. The first one, the European Stability Mechanism Treaty, established the European Stability Mechanism possessing the legal status of a legal entity with full legal personality and the €700 billion authorized capital. The second, the Treaty on Stability, Coordination and Governance in the Economic and Monetary Union, which hasn’t been joined by Great Britain and the Czech Republic, established the rules aimed at discipline strengthening, the coordination of economic policies of the EU member-states, and raising the effectiveness of the Eurozone countries’ economies management. These new treaties, which have strengthened and enlarged the legal grounds of the Economic and Monetary Union, demonstrate that the European economic and monetary integration is evolving. The analysis of these treaties shows that these international statutory instruments not only help overcome the consequences of the difficult financial and economic condition, which had affected some EU member-states in the result of the 2008 global crisis, and avoid such crises in future, but also symbolize the next step in the development of the European economic and monetary integration which is the basis of the European integration process in general. This fact conditions the important international and political role of these treaties. 
Shebanova M.A. - Advisory teams as mechanisms for the consolidation of transnational elites. pp. 38-61

DOI:
10.7256/2306-4226.2014.2.10645

Abstract: The modern political theory presents a new vision of the global order, where transnational players have an important role.  The concept of ruling classes changes, and the transnational political elites are introduced. One of hte key prerequisites for distinguishing this elite class includes revealing of its consolidation mechanisms, supporting transnational domination in the world. It is mostly informal associations of transnational elites, which serve as a structural platform for the formation of consensus regarding the most important issues of global policy.  The study mostly employs general logical methods, such as analysis, synthesis, induction, classification, combination of historical and logical analysis. The author makes a conclusion that the level of organization and integration among transnational elites is growing.  The priorly informal forums strengthen their positions in the transnational industrial matrix, and they earn more and more serious attitudes towards themselves from the scholars. At the same time, due to the closed character of the information, many aspects of activities of transnational elites within private transnational associations remain shadowed.
Sidorova E.V., Krivov S.V. - Tendencies and contradictions of democratization of the modern Arab societies: the role of Islamic factor pp. 41-52

DOI:
10.7256/2409-8671.2015.4.17152

Abstract: The subject of the research is the study of the role of the Islamic factor in democratization of the modern Arab societies. Democratization of the society is one of the key and the most important elements of the modern globalization processes. The aim of democratization is the implantation of various democratic freedoms, equality of rights, political pluralism, etc. in various spheres of the society. There’s no alternative to such a dominating factor as Islam in the Arab Middle East, therefore, all the processes, touching the Arab society, should take the role and the meaning of Islam into consideration. Constructivism is one of the methodological approaches to the analysis of social factors and processes in the Arab world. The use of the constructivist approach promotes the deeper understanding of political and social processes in the Arab Middle East. The special contribution of the author is the conclusion that the notions ‘Islam’ and ‘democracy’ should not be opposed to each other, since democracy without religion in Arab countries won’t have any result. Islam has played and is playing the major role in many spheres of social life in the Arab Middle East. 
Khizrieva S.S. - Public diplomacy in the foreign policy of Brazil at the period of rule of L.I. Lula da Silva. pp. 47-54

DOI:
10.7256/2306-4226.2015.1.12617

Abstract: After the crash of the bipolar system of global order the practice of international relations has changed significantly. The changes mostly concerned appearance of new communications and information technologies. At the start of the XXI centuries many states have attempted to take a prominent position in the global community, searching for new efficient methods for the formation of foreign economic relations - political communications. Brazil applies new political communications technologies in order to spread Latin American values and to guarantee its leadership in politics and economy.  One of the directions of foregn policy of L.I. Lula da Silva was widening the scope of cooperation with the EU states, which could have  formed competition for the USA in Brazil due to the development of strategic partnership, and they also could have provided information support for Brazil as a result of information operations of the USA.  In addition, an important goal for L.I. Lula da Silva's office was to form a positive image of Brazil and its officials in order to widen the scope of cooperation between the two regions in various spheres.
Krivov S.V., Sidorova E.V. - Migration tendencies in the Arab Middle East: history and modernity pp. 53-65

DOI:
10.7256/2409-8671.2015.4.17153

Abstract: The urgency of the research in undoubtful, since today the migration of the population is a complex socio-economic phenomenon, connected with various sides of social life, the formation and development of the tendencies of their transformation. Moreover, migration is the most important factor defining the dynamics of socio-economic processes. But we should take into consideration that both the politics of adaptation and integration of migrants and the approaches to the granting of national citizenship are, as a rule, overlooked by the researchers. Constructivism is one of the methodological approaches to the analysis of social factors and processes in the Arab word. The use of the constructivist approach furthers a deeper understanding of political and social processes in the Arab Middle East. In the result of the research, the authors conclude that the problem of forced migration is one of the most serious demographic problems not only in the Arab Middle East, but in the whole world in general. The effective migration management can help create the necessary conditions for the observation of human rights and freedoms, the improvement of the quality of life and the reduction of social tension. 
Vinogradova E.A. - Role of the ALBA public diplomacy in the regulation of the Syrian conflict. pp. 55-65

DOI:
10.7256/2306-4226.2015.1.12619

Abstract: Politics of the ALBA states in the sphere of public diplomacy is one of the key foreign political targets for the ALBA states in their assymmetrical information strife with the USA. In the period from 2006 to 2013 the ALBA states have put their influence upon the international mass media in order to form a negative reputation for the USA. The strenghening foreign political dialog between the ALBA states and Syria, uniting the two regions based upon the platform of opposition to the unipolar influence of the USA opens additional perspectives for the formation of the new power centers against the monopolarity in the world. The methodology of the study is based upon systemic and structural-functional approaches, comparative historical and comparative political analysis, cultural civilization approach, methods of induction, deduction, construction, modeling, expert evaluation, analysis, synthesis, observation. In 2004 9 states of the Latin America and the Caribbean - Bolivia, Venezuela, Cuba, Equador, Nicaragua, Dominicana, Antigua and Barbados, St. Vincent and Grenadines formed an international organization and sub-regional integration association ALBA: Alianza Bolivariana para los Pueblos de Nuestra America. Initiators of ALBA formation were Fidel Castro and Hugo Chavez.
Kirikova A.A. - General provisions of communication policy of the EU: mass media in the context of interaction between citizens and public institutions pp. 60-67

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8671.2017.2.17383

Abstract: The author studies the general provisions (objectives, principles, etc.) and the modern problems of the current communication (image/branding) policy ensuring the right of citizens to access to information resources and their interaction with public institutions in this context. The object of this research is the sphere of activity and social relations arising within the EU communication policy, which has its own specificity determined by the historical continuity and the modern humanistic democratic phenomena in some EU member countries. The purpose of the research is characterized by the analysis of the doctrinal position of mass media in the context of modern reality, by  the identification of the system-defined connections, which allow considering particular institutions as the institutions related to the subject of this study, and by the consideration of the basic components of the phenomenon under study. The author uses the methods of induction, theoretical and comparative-legal content-analysis, free writing, and other general and specific scientific methods. The author concludes that the EU’s image policy, based on the principles of transparency, objectivity and mutually open connection with society, should be focused on the aggregation of particular benefits and advantages of each national government if it supports the open communication channel with supranational structures and provides the Internet access for all EU members.
Khedaiati Shakhidani M. - Unilateral sanctions as an unfair method of international relations: case-study of American unilateral sanctions against Russia (2014) pp. 64-85

DOI:
10.7256/2409-8671.2015.2.14059

Abstract: The article considers the concept of unilateral sanctions and the history of their use in international relations and American foreign policy. Unilateral sanctions serve as one of the key instruments of coercive diplomacy in international relations. Generally, the USA use this method against the actors not accepting their policy. Therefore such sanctions are aimed at persuasion of the states, integrated in the world economy but not willing to accept American rules. The USA use sanctions in order to achieve their political goals. American government usually uses normative concepts and rhetoric for imposition of economic restrictions.  The use of words like “violator” has become a part of the country’s rhetoric against its rivals in global politics, though a thorough study of international legislation shows that America commits more violations of international law than any other country. After the end of the Cold War and during the presidency of Barack Obama the USA have regularly used unilateral sanctions against Russia, Iran, Venezuela, etc. The article considers legitimacy and illegitimacy of such sanctions in accordance with the theory of legislative prohibition and reveals the most important consequences of these sanctions for international relations and the economies of different states. 
Manoilo A.V. - Geopolitical picture of the modern world and controlled chaos. pp. 66-80

DOI:
10.7256/2306-4226.2015.1.12665

Abstract: The modern geopolitical worldview is quite instable. Its main specific feature is that the geopolitical borders dividing modern states and nations are based not as much on geographical borders, water and mountain ridges, rather they are in the minds of the people, dividing the society into "us" and "them" based upon certain national interests, values, ideological concepts, doctrines, models of political behavior, and both continental and island states may follow these models. The methodology of the article involves systemic, structural-functional, comparative, and cultural civilization approaches, methods of analysis, synthesis, induction, deduction, observation and modeling.  In order to support these borders in the mind of the people the symbols are used as markers for "our" people, allowing to distinguish "our" people and divide them from the "their" people. These markers may be primitive. It may be flowers (roses in Georgia, tulips in Kyrgyzstan, cornflowers in Belarus, cacti in Mexico, jasmine in Tunisia) in the hands of the participants of the color revolutions in the CIS, pieces of orange cloth in Ukraine or white ribbons in Russia, figs in Tunisia and Egypt, etc.
Bobkin N.N. - The Presidential Elections in Iran - the year 2013. pp. 80-98

DOI:
10.7256/2306-4226.2013.2.774

Abstract: The Iranian people shall elect the 7th President of Iran on June 14, 2013. The incumbent President Ahmadinejad shall not be able to participate in elections for the 3rd time in a row. The state is awaiting a new President, whose personality shall have a considerable impact on the further political course of Iran. This time the support of the spiritual leader Xameneyi cannot be viewed as a 100% guarantee for a presidential candidate. What is awaiting Iran in these elections? Shall the US sanctions be able to provoke the mass disturbances? What measures shall President Ahmadinejad take to protect his political heritage? Should we worry about the “Persian Summer of 2013”? It is undoubted that the attention to the upcoming Iranian elections shall be growing. Soon we shall find out how Iran shall manage organization of elections and security, and who shall be the head of the executive branch of the largest state in the region, as well as how the region, the world and Russia would react to it.  
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