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Questions of current interest
Filippov V.R. - The Mali: fighting for uranium. pp. 1-47

DOI:
10.7256/2306-4226.2013.2.773

Abstract: The article describes the political situation in the Mail. The author analyzes the conflicts among various forces within the state.  From the standpoint of international security, an optimum situation should include legitimate elections in the entire territory of the state, guarantees of political and economic sovereignty of the Mali in its totality.  Revival of the Mali economy is only possible, if the Mali people shall be able to diversify their economic policy and choose their partners accordance to economic viability, and not "special relations" with the former mother country.  The author describes the attitudes of the UN and global community towards the  conflict, and he discusses the special value of the so-called "uranium factor" for the interest of the Western states.  The author draws a conclusion that the American attempts to put their protege as the President of the Mali have provoked the military uprising in Bamako, and caused the downfall of the legitimate President of Mali Amadou Toumani Touré, who was sympathising with the Beijing too obviously.  The long-term conflict between the official Bamako and the Touaregs was used by France in order to keep control over the uranium mines in Sahel. The military takeover of Captain Amadou Haya Sanogo moved the Touaregs towards a new uprising and attack on Bamako.  The situation was used by the Islamic fundamentalists and the Al-Quaeda emissaries, who had a situative union with the Touareg chiefs. In order to hold the former colony within the scope of its influence the France sent a military expedition to Mali.
Manoilo A.V. - Controlled chaos strategies in the situation of chaotization of international relations: myth or reality? pp. 1-3

DOI:
10.7256/2306-4226.2014.1.10750

Abstract: The modern "colored" revolutions are typical examples of Anglo-Saxon approach to managing international conflicts within the system of international relations. The technology of colored revolutions in the global policy is one of the types of modern technologies for the information and psychological international conflict management. The modern colored revolutions are highly technological and almost theatrically dramatic, their goal being to make a believable show of spontaneous will of the people, wishing to regain the right to govern their own country. In order for a colored revolution to be successful, the state should be in the situation of persisting or developing political instability, there should be a government crisis, or it would still be even better, if there is one or several local armed conflicts, or if the state is involved in an international conflict. That is, there should be an object of influence - a political conflict at any stage of its development.  If the government is sustainable and there is no conflict, then the conflict should first be formed.
Lado A.V. - The Ukrainian events: the look from inside. pp. 1-23

DOI:
10.7256/2306-4226.2014.2.10952

Abstract: The Euromaidan in Kyiv is an event of great political resonance, attracting attention of observers from Russia, the CIS and all of the world. This article provides the view at the Euromaidan events from the inside, with the eyes of the  Kyiv resident, social psychologist and analyst and scientific journalist.  The article includes an attempt of analysis of a number of economic, political, social and psychological events and phenomena, characterizing the latest turbulent events in Kyiv. The author discusses geo-political and economic position of the Ukraine, predefining its status as a borderline between the East and the West. Ukraine has a unique standing among the global political powers, its weight may tip the balance of scales in the geopolitical opposition between Russia and the West.  The author notes the need for the novel approaches towards achieving mutual understanding between Russia and Ukraine, pointing out social and psychological miscalculations of the Russian politics towards Ukraine, and offering some recommendations on optimization of cultural, social and economic cooperation between the two states, as well as on strengthening the pro-Russian vector in the Ukrainian politics.
Manoilo A.V. - Armed rebellion in Ukraine pp. 1-14

DOI:
10.7256/2306-4226.2014.3.11356

Abstract: Today the attention of the world is focused on the events in Ukraine. Cruelty and uncompromising in struggle having overgrown in a time so short from separate clashes of hooligans and police in organized armed rebellion can not be ignored - street fighting in the capital of the neighboring state, where representatives of the Slavic people inextricably linked historically with the Russian people take their part, can not but disturb the public, government and the leadership of the Russian Federation. Ukrainian nationalists balancing on the edge of ramming attack put on the acting government call the events "revolution", though in fact it can be considered only as a coup, armed rebellion to seize power, well known in the present-day world under the common title "a color revolution". And it’s not just a random conclusion: in the Ukraine events we can discern signs all of us had met with in color revolutions in the CIS, Georgia, Central Asia, in the orange madness that spread over the Ukraine at the beginning of the two thousands, as well as during the recent revolutions of the Arab Spring.
Manoilo A.V. - President Obama and his Continental Blockade of Russia. pp. 1-6

DOI:
10.7256/2306-4226.2014.4.11563

Abstract: This article is devoted to the comparative historical analysis of the blockade policy of the current President of the USA Barack Hussein Obama II and the Continental Blockade policy of the Emperor Napoleon Bonapart, who was attempting to undermine military, political, trade and economic power of its main opponent - England.  As a result of the comparative analysis method, the author comes to a conclusion that the Russian policy of President Obama, which is aimed at introduction and further strictening of legal and economic sanctions towards the Russian state and its people due to the reunification of Crimea and Russia, is copying the policy of Napoleon towards England, which ended in total failure and destruction of the French Empire. There is an impression that President Obama did not learn the history of foreign states, or failed to comprehend historical lessons.   Otherwise, he would have used the method of historical analogy, and it would show that any attempts of blockade of Russia are meaningless by their nature, and they are also harmful for the European allies of the USA.
Manoilo A.V. - Color revolutions and the technologies for the disassembly of political regimes. pp. 1-19

DOI:
10.7256/2306-4226.2015.1.12614

Abstract: This article is devoted to the analysis of the problems regarding disassembly of political regimes in the modern states (both authoritarian and democratic ones) and role of the color revolutions technologies in this process. The problems of disassembly of political regimes and related problems of color revolutions become especially topical nowadays. It has to do with more than just the fact that detailed evaluation of the events in Ukraine shows that they copy the scenarios of color revolutions in the North Africa and the Middle East, the so-called "Arabian Spring", and, more specifically, the revolutions in Egypt and Syria, showing that these events were not merely accidental, they were arranged and managed from a single decision-making center.  The cause of the above is that the new generation of the more subtle instruments of foreign political influence currently takes the place of traditional instruments, to which the international community is used to. These new methods combine force and information technologies for the manipulation of the mass conscience and mass behavior of large quantities of civilian population.
Manoilo A.V. - Color revolutions and the destruction of political regimes pp. 1-44

DOI:
10.7256/2409-8671.2015.2.15311

Abstract: The article is devoted to the analysis of the process of destruction of political regimes in modern states (both authoritarian and democratic), and the role of technologies in color revolutions. The issues of destruction of political regimes and the problems of color revolutions are becoming more complicated and urgent nowadays. It is conditioned not only by the fact that the events in Ukraine, considered in detail, repeat the scenario of color revolutions in Northern Africa and the Middle East known as the Arab Spring, and particularly the revolution in Egypt which shows the absence of coincidence of these events. The reason is the fact that the traditional instruments of destruction, known to the world community, are being substituted by the new generation of more delicate instruments combining the use of force with the special modern technologies of manipulative control over the mass consciousness and mass behavior. The methodology of the research is based on the system, structural-functional, and comparative political approaches, the methods of analysis synthesis, induction, deduction, and observation. 
Manoilo A.V. - To kill a kitten, or the technologies of conflict mobilization in social networks pp. 1-12

DOI:
10.7256/2409-8671.2015.3.15973

Abstract: This article is devoted to the study of modern technologies of conflict mobilization of young people in social networks. Today social networks form a special environment in which the political engineers of color revolutions are actively working, forming and consolidating the protest electorate using the means of social groups and the mechanisms of construction and transformation of virtual reality. The color revolutions specialists use the technologies of conflict mobilization of youth which aim young people at fighting against the authorities and redirect their overactivity at the participation in the mass protest activities. The methodology of the research is based on the systems approach, the structural and functional and the comparative political approaches, the methods of analysis, synthesis, induction, deduction, observation.The article describes and analyzes a typical use of these technologies which helps to replace a neutral non-political agenda of a social group with the aggressive protest behavior against the authorities without a trace in the consciousness of the group's members. It is shown that the main objects of the aspirations of the political engineers of color revolutions are not the groups of oppositionists but the initially politically neutral voters without definite political opinions. The author points at the high risk of such technologies and the need for a system counteraction to the recruiting activities of the activists of color revolutions in social networks.
Manoilo A.V. - "Russian Spring" in Syria pp. 1-26

DOI:
10.7256/2409-8671.2015.4.17318

Abstract: This article is devoted to the study of the civil war in Syria, which the country plunged into in a result of the United States' project of "color revolutions" and "managed chaos" in the Middle East and North Africa. The article analyzes the goals, tasks, forms and methods of struggle of the sides of the conflict, both on the side of the Syrian government and belonging to the irreconcilable ("Islamic state") and the "moderate" opposition, the differences between which are not quite significant. The methodology of the research is based on the systems approach, the structural-functional, the comparative-political approaches, the methods of analysis, synthesis, induction, deduction and observation. The author describes the role of Russia's foreign policy in Syria for the fight against international terrorism in the context of difficult relations with the United States, conducting its anti-terrorist operation in the region. It is noted that it was Russia's participation in the Syrian conflict that put an end to the scenario of the color revolution of the "Arab Spring", preserved the Syrian state and, consequently, the possibility of the Syrian people to choose their destiny.
Manoilo A.V. - Conceptual and organizational framework for color revolutions prevention in Russia and the former Soviet Union pp. 1-5

DOI:
10.7256/2409-8671.2016.1.17782

Abstract: The paper considers the concept of creation in the Russian Federation of a state system of color revolutions prevention both in the country and abroad, in the CIS, and on the territory of the Eurasian and Customs Unions. The aim of the study is to define the organizational and functional structure, the aims, tasks and the main directions of the activities of the centre for color revolutions monitoring, prevention and combating in the Russian Federation and on the Eurasian political space. The research methodology is based on the system, structural-functional, comparative-political methods, the methods of analysis, synthesis, induction, deduction, and observation. The concept of creation of the centre for color revolutions prevention is elaborated in accordance with the new edition of the National Security Strategy of the Russian Federation of 31 December 2015 (Presidential Decree No 537 of 12 May 2009) enumerating the color revolutions threat among the priority threats to the national security of the Russian Federation. The centre should focus on the monitoring of the color revolutions preparation signs, the system of color revolutions prevention, the system of early detection and fast response to color revolutions and attempts to organize them, and the permanent system of color revolutions prevention, including a wide range of general and specific methods. The author pays attention to the fact that the color revolutions threat is becoming urgent not only in Russia, where the western agents and the non-system opposition are becoming more active, but also in Syria, where Russia is carrying out an anti-terrorist operation together with the Syrian Arab Republic armed forces, due to the process of conflict settlement and preparation for general election which results had always been used by color revolutions political engineers as a pretext for mass protest actions.
Vertyaev K.V. - “Conglomerate nationalism” as an ideological basis for the Kurdish autonomy establishment in Syria pp. 1-9

DOI:
10.7256/2409-8671.2016.4.21401

Abstract: The article considers the historical prerequisites for the formation of the “conglomerate nationalism” fundamentals of local political elites in Syrian Kurdistan as a form of Syrian Kurds’ self-determination shaped in the Federation of Northern Syria (the former self-declared “the Republic of Rojava”), which is the union of canton societies in the form of autonomy inside the federative Syria. The democratic confederalism concept as a form of the Syrian Kurds’ identity is a determinant of the political program of the Democratic Union Party (Syria), representing, basically, the interests of Syrian Kurds in the current historical context. The research methodology is based on the democratic confederalism concept as a conglomerate type nationalism, consisting in the existence of the society in the conditions of the maximum level of respect to the cultural autonomy of ethnical and confessional groups, which together act as the nation-building subjects, aspiring to sovereignty or independency. The author compares the “conglomerate nationalism” of Syrian Kurds (the Federation of Northern Syria, proclaimed 16 March 2016) as a phenomenon, with the canton system of the Swiss Confederation, where the final national identity has been formed by the set of its member nationalities and religious groups, organized in the officially independent cantons. 
Bocharnikov I.V. - Ukrainian crisis as an element of the strategic encircling belt for Russia. pp. 7-32

DOI:
10.7256/2306-4226.2014.4.11617

Abstract: The Ukrainian crisis, which does not seem to come to its end yet, has became a culmination of the contradictions between Russia and the Western states.  The policy of constraining, encircling and weakening of Russia has been known for many centuries, and it came to its high point in the early XXI century. The Maidan events in Kyiv, the capital of Ukraine played a role of a bifurcation point defining the open confrontational character of the Russian-American relations, and considering the de-facto protectorate of the USA over the EU, the Russian - European relations as well.  It is quite obvious that the USA, the NATO and especially the EU do not need the Ukraine as such with its polarized 40 000 000 of population, stagnation economy and extremely high level of corruption beyond any indexes.  They are also not interested in advancement of any democratic values and guarantees of human rights in Ukraine.
Danyuk N.S. - Russia-Germany relations in the context of the 2013-2015 Ukraine crisis pp. 9-23

DOI:
10.7256/2409-8671.2017.2.22874

Abstract: The article offers a detailed analysis of Russia-Germany relations during the Ukraine crisis of 2013–2015. The Ukraine crisis has led to an unprecedented cooling in relations between Moscow and Berlin since the end of the cold war. The two countries hold diametrically opposed views on the ways to settle the situation in Ukraine. Germany's foreign policy towards Russia has become fully consistent with the unified approach of the Western countries, consisting in exerting pressure on Russia through economic sanctions.The research methodology is based on general scientific methods and approaches together with the complex approach, involving the wide range of social sciences. The scientific novelty of this research consists in the consideration of Russia-Germany relations in the context of the Ukraine crisis, taking into account that the relationship between Russia and Germany is of strategic significance for the both states. The author concludes that Russia and Germany have different political positions on the Ukraine crisis, which affect both the level of political communications and economic cooperation.
Manoilo A.V. - Evolution of policymaking models in the Russian Federation pp. 12-16

DOI:
10.7256/2409-8671.2016.2.17454

Abstract: The article reveals the evolution of policymaking models in the Russian Federation on the national state level. The author notes that in the modern Russian history (since the formation of the Russian Federation in 1991) three policymaking models have sequentially changed each other: the polycentric, the vertically centralized, and the combined. The latter one is currently functioning in the Russian Federation. The research methodology is based on the system, structural-functional, and comparative-political approaches, the methods of analysis, synthesis, induction, deduction and observation. Each of the mentioned policymaking models had corresponded with the socio-political formation of the Russian state on particular stages of its development and gave place to the next model under the influence of radical changes of the political life which caused significant changes in the political system and regime of the Russian Federation. Together the three models are the stages of one and the same evolutionary process, the extrapolation of which helps forecast those changes which the combined model is going to face nowadays. 
Karyakin V.V. - Urgent problems of the Russian political science and the ways to solve them pp. 13-22

DOI:
10.7256/2409-8671.2015.3.16126

Abstract: The object of the study is the Russian political science at the present stage of its development. The subject of the research covers the current problems of the Russian political science and its analytical support. The research is aimed at identification and specification of the problems of the Russian political science at the present stage and at finding the ways to solve them. The article considers the problems of the Russian political science and analytical activity. The author shows that these problems are determined by the linkage between analytical centers and the interests of their customers. The methodological basis of the research includes the systems approach, the structural and functional and the comparative political approaches, the methods of analysis, synthesis, induction, deduction, observation. The author concludes that to provide the high-quality analysis and forecasting of the development of socio-political situation it is necessary to introduce new research technologies based on the understanding of socio-political and international systems as non-linear objects functioning in the conditions of a determinate chaos and a high dynamics of social entropy. The author presents the organizational approaches to the formation of the system of analytical centers using foreign experience. 
Manoilo A.V. - Armed riot in Ukraine may become a last alarm bell for Russia. pp. 24-37

DOI:
10.7256/2306-4226.2014.2.11137

Abstract: Today attention of the entire world is drawn to the events in Ukraine. The cruelty and unwillingness to compromise in a fight which in a matter of several days went all the way from separate clashes between the hooligans and the police to an organized armed riot, and it shall not pass unnoticed. Street fights in the capital of the neighboring state, and the fighters are Slavic people, belonging to the nation with inseparable cultural and historical ties with the Russian people. It worries Russian public, government and leaders of the Russian Federation. The Ukrainian nationalists serving as a point of the battering ram in a blow at the incumbent government call these events a "revolution", while it may only be regarded as an insurrection, an armed riot aimed at capturing the power, well-known globally under the name of "colored revolution". This conclusion is not accidental, since the Ukrainian events have the familiar elements, which are well-known by their presence in the colored revolution in the CIS territory, in Georgia, Central Asia, in the orange madness in Ukraine in early 2000s, and the recent Arabian Spring revolutions.
Pashkovskaya I.G. - EU foreign policy’s jubilee: the tenth anniversary of the Black Sea Synergy Initiative pp. 34-52

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8671.2017.2.23151

Abstract: The research subject is the tenth anniversary of the EU Black Sea Synergy initiative. The research object is the activities of EU in the Black Sea region after Bulgaria and Romania joining in 2007 and the EU’s border extension to the Black Sea. The author considers the results of 10 years of the Black Sea Synergy policy implementation. Its key provisions are contained in the Communication to the Parliament and the Council – a New Regional Cooperation initiative. The author gives special attention to the documents of the EU institutions - the European Parliament and the European Commission -, which contain specific data on successes and failures of the Black Sea Synergy policy implementation. In order to carry out a profound study and obtain reliable and objective results, the author uses the historical, logical, comparative and analytical methods of scientific cognition along with the system analysis, structural and functional analysis, modeling and prognostication. The author concludes that the absence of any significant results of the first decade of the Black Sea Synergy initiative implementation can be explained by the following reasons: the Black Sea Synergy policy and the Eastern Partnership policy haven’t been delimited; there’s no special body responsible for the Black Sea Synergy policy implementation; too few European Commission officers are responsible for the implementation of the Black Sea synergy initiative, as compared with the Eastern Partnership program; the abilities of three EU member-states – Bulgaria, Greece and Romania – to form energy, transport and environmental sectoral partnerships of the Black Sea Synergy have been overestimated; Russia and Turkey – the countries the Black Sea Synergy policy is focused on – try to undermine the EU’ influence in the Black Sea region and don’t support the European Commission’s efforts to implement the Black Sea Synergy policy; the leading international financial institutions are unwilling to support the Black Sea synergy projects. This paper is a comprehensive study based on the central idea; its results are particularly important for the formation of Russia’s policy towards the newly independent states of the Black Sea region, the EU member-states and the EU as a whole in the Black Sea region. The author detects shortcomings and gaps in the Black Sea Synergy policy, which must be eliminated by the EU for the Black Sea Synergy strategy to be more successful. 
Gabrielyan A.M. - Global trends and challenges to the higher education system: an effective university reforming matrix pp. 37-46

DOI:
10.7256/2409-8671.2017.1.22049

Abstract: The study is aimed at the development of an effective university reforming matrix with account of global trends in this sphere. The research object is the higher education system, and the research subject is the policy of the higher education system reforming in the context of global trends and challenges. The tasks of the paper are:-         To study international political, economic, social, humanitarian, cultural dimensions of state reforms in the sphere of higher education;-         To detect the main trends of their development;-         To create the university reforming matrix;-         To formulate recommendations in relation to further state reforming of higher education, which could be applied in Russia.The research methodology is based on the institutional approach. The author applies the comparative, functional, and system methods, and document analysis.The author reveals the challenges to the modern system of higher education and the responses to them within the new socio-political paradigm; the comparative analysis of different systems of university education gives the opportunity to reveal the global trends of reforming of this system; the author formulates the system of theoretical provisions, which, on the one hand, are the responses to the current challenges, and, on the other hand, are the constituting features of the policy of reforming and the very modern university itself. The author creates an informal matrix of the higher education system reforming, which can be used as the system of practical recommendations for effective modernization of university education both in Russia and in the countries, which have undertaken such an important challenge. 
Manoilo A.V. - "Syrian issue" of Bashar Asad. pp. 48-67

DOI:
10.7256/2306-4226.2013.2.8798

Abstract: The article contains results of the analysis of the possible cause of systemic faults in the implementation of "colored revolution" technology (Arabian Spring) in Syria. The author provides detailed study of differences between the scenarios of colored revolutions in Libya. The author studies the key foreign political causes formed by the Western states in order to justify their military intervention into the Syrian conflict. Currently many researchers discuss the Arabian Spring revolutions, which suddenly took over the entire North African region and almost all of the Middle East in late 2010. As a result of this explosion rather sustainable and seemingly unchanging Arabian world fell into chaos, riots and civil wars.  Many characteristics and traces of use of such technologies allow one to state that the revolutionary events in Tunisia, Egypt, Libya, Syria, Bahrain and other Arabian states were not spontaneous, and they were direct results of external political administration.  Two years after the start of the first colored "Arabian Spring" revolutions one may provide brief analysis of the political situation in the region after them.
Semenyuk A.V. - The role of the United Nations Support Mission for Libya (UNSMIL) in the preparation of the Libyan Political Agreement pp. 54-71

DOI:
10.7256/2409-8671.2016.4.21195

Abstract: The research object is the work of the United Nations Support Mission for Libya (UNSMIL). The research subject is the role of the UNSMIL and its head, the Special Representative of the Secretary General, in the organization of inter-Libyan negotiations and political settlement of the armed conflict in Libya in 2014 – 2015. Special attention is given to the study of the dynamics of negotiations and the impact of various factors on their success. The author studies such aspects of the topic as the influence of various factors on negotiations in Libya, the role of the UN in the organization of negotiations, the stages of negotiations and their impact on the political process in Libya. The key research method in the principle of historicism, applied for the detection of the dynamics of the negotiation process in Libya and the cause-effect links in the process of formulation of conditions by the opposed parties to the conflict. The scientific novelty consists in the analysis of the UN-sponsored inter-Libyan negotiations in 2014 – 2015 in the context of the political process in Libya and the influence of external factors on the negotiation process, the study of the role of the Special Representative of the Secretary General in the development of the Libyan Political Agreement. The author studies the institutional mechanisms of armed conflicts settlement by the UN, the possibilities of implementation of the agreements achieved and the impact of negotiations on the political process in the region. 
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