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MAIN PAGE > Journal "World Politics" > Contents of Issue № 04/2017
Contents of Issue № 04/2017
Questions of current interest
Avatkov V.A., Baranchikov A. - Recep Tayyip Erdogan's "silent revolution" pp. 1-13

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8671.2017.4.24470

Abstract: The article analyzes the reforms of the "silent revolution" performed by the leader of the Justice and Development Party Recep Tayyip Erdogan since 2002. The paper considers transformations in the spheres of the interior and foreign policy. The author compares President Erdogan with "The Father of the Nation" Mustafa Kemal, and points at similarities of their rhetoric. The author emphasizes the importance of the revolutionary nature of the reforms, which had helped the Turkish President to gain absolute power. The author analyzes Erdogan's and Atatürk's reforms using the system approach. It allows forming a comprehensive view of the performed transformations and links between them. The scientific novelty consists in comparing two Turkish leaders - Recep Tayyip Erdogan and Mustafa Kemal in terms of their reforms and rhetoric. The author concludes that Erdogan draws a parallel between his transformations and the reforms of the first Turkish president. Using this parallel, he wants to form a positive image of the reforms performed by the Justice and Development Party. 
Interests and values
Kirechko E.M. - The key features of political culture in Latin America pp. 14-21

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8671.2017.4.24502

Abstract: The research object is the political culture of the countries of Latin America. The author focuses on the statistical data illustrating different aspects of political culture of such countries as Brazil, Venezuela, Honduras, Colombia, Mexico, Peru, Trinidad and Tobago and some others. The research subject is the results of sociological surveys, which had been held within the Latin American Public Opinion Project at Vanderbilt University during a long period of time, their analysis and interpretation in the context of the current political culture theories and history of the region. The author concludes that political values of Latin Americans are, firstly, traditional and conservative, and secondly, some of them hamper democratic transition. The analysis shows that the components of political culture of the region, which at first sight have negative sides, are nevertheless the part of history and culture of the region and reflect the people's worldview. 
Questions of current interest
Pashkovskaya I.G. - pp. 22-31

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8671.2017.4.25088

Abstract:
World politics
Naumov A. - pp. 32-43

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8671.2017.4.24852

Abstract:
Regional configurations of international relations
Goltsov A.G. - International Order in the Arctic: Geopolitical Dimension pp. 44-55

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8671.2017.4.18211

Abstract: The article investigates the geopolitical aspects of the contemporary international order in the Arctic region. Arctic states have not only different political, military and economic interests, but also common – primarily environmental. Global warming increases the strategic importance of the Northern Sea Route and the Northwest Passage. International order in the Arctic region is primarily determined by the provisions of international law, the balance of power potentials of the Western states and Russia as well as the geopolitical aspects of interactions among them. The main research techniques which have been used are abstraction, analysis, synthesis, induction, deduction, geopolitical simulation as well as comparative political method. In the relations among the Western Arctic states – the USA, Canada, Norway and Denmark, there are contentious issues, but they are not of conflict character. There is a revitalization of Arctic geopolitics of the United States and enhancement of its influence on the situation in the region. The Arctic is of vital geostrategic and geoeconomic importance for Russia. Russia seeks to use international legal basis for legitimization of its claims upon extended continental shelf in the Arctic and establishment of control over the area of the North Pole. Canada and Denmark put forward similar claims. China is interested in the internationalization of the Arctic. The NATO Arctic countries and Russia increase their military capabilities in the region. Bipolar confrontation in the Arctic between the West and Russia is possible to be increased. International institutions particularly the UN and the Arctic Council have limited opportunities for settlement of the disputes. To optimize the regional international order it is necessary to improve the methods of Arctic diplomacy. The establishment in the Arctic region of polycentric order of peaceful interaction involves reaching of geopolitical compromise among Western states and Russia.
International conflicts
Boyarkina O.A. - pp. 56-63

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8671.2017.4.18814

Abstract:
Information warfare
Karpovich O.G. - Features of conducting modern information wars in the media and the Internet pp. 64-74

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8671.2017.4.21896

Abstract: This article is devoted to the study of the theory and practice of organizing and conducting operations of information and psychological warfare in the media and communication, including the Internet. The object of this study is the types of modern information confrontation (including information wars and psychological operations), the subject - the forms and methods of their application in the competition between states, in international relations and world politics. The purpose of the research is to reveal the features of conducting modern information wars and organizing psychological operations. The methodological basis of the research is the structural and functional approach, methods of analysis, synthesis, induction, deduction, observation. The author draws attention to the fact that modern information warfare is an interstate conflict that arises at the stage of comprehension and aggravation of political contradictions between future antagonists (in whose role states and political elites can act) that forms the future structure of conflict relations and creates conditions for application by one of the Antagonists of direct armed force. Information warfare is a special stage of political (international) conflict, covering the preliminary and preparatory phases of the development of armed conflict. Structurally information warfare consists of a sequence of information operations, and the operations themselves - from a sequence of information attacks, coordinated on the goals, tasks, objects and time of information impact. In modern international relations and world politics, information warfare operations are planned not in a template way, but in situ, using a variety of different schemes, techniques and approaches. At the same time, the effectiveness of information warfare operations often depends not so much on the selected methods and methods of informational influence on the enemy as on the width and synchrony of coverage of mass audiences by this influence, that is, from the channels for bringing the manager of information-psychological influence to the consciousness of concrete citizens.
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