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World Politics
Reference:

Integration processes within the federalist and neo-functionalist theories

Lukashuk Anastasiya Aleksandrovna

Postgraduate at the Department of Global Studies at Moscow State University

119991, Russia, Moskva, g. Moscow, mkr. Leninskie gory, 1, str13A, of. 638

lukashuk.aa@gmail.com

DOI:

10.25136/2409-8671.2020.3.32823

Review date:

05-05-2020


Publish date:

26-10-2020


Abstract.

The research subject is integration processes. The aim of the research is to reveal the essence of integration processes within the federalist and neo-functionalist theories. According to the works by K.Wheare and W. Riker, the factors promoting successful integration are the feeling of military vulnerability, craving for economic benefits, similarity of political institutions, geographic neighborhood, and craving for independence from other countries. Neo-functionalists - E. Haas, P. Schmitter - defined three groups of conditions which, in their opinion, determine the success of integration processes. Integration associations and processes within these theories have the following features: federalists consider integration association as a “federal bargain” in which the stronger state offers protection and wealth to the weaker ones in exchange for their resources. The specificity of integration processes according to the neo-functionalist theory consists in the spill-over of integration from one economic sphere to another, which spills over into the third one, etc. The article also outlines the weak points of each of the theories: federalists don’t disclose the very process of integration concentrating more on its final result, while neo-functionalists, despite the fact that they’d build a model which presumably covers a sufficient number of variables to get an unbiased idea of the successfulness of an integration association, didn’t take into account external factors which are also crucial for the development of integration processes.

Keywords: regional integration, integration features, integration associations, integration processes, theories of integration, federalism, neofunctionalism, integration, conditions of integration, factors of integration
This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .

References
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The Schuman Declaration – 9 May 1950 [Elektronnyi resurs]. Rezhim dostupa: https://europa.eu/european-union/about-eu/symbols/europe-day/schuman-declaration_en (Data obrashcheniya: 11.03.2020)
2.
Wheare K.C. “Federal government” Westport, Conn.; Greenwood Press, 1980. p.37
3.
Wheare K.C. “Federal government” Westport, Conn.; Greenwood Press, 1980. p.38-39
4.
Raiker U. Federalizm: teoriya, proiskhozhdenie, prednaznachenie [Elektronnyi resurs]. Rezhim dostupa: https://web.archive.org/web/20180614171508/http:/b.nlobooks.ru/magazines/neprikosnovennyy_zapas/118_nz_2_2018/article/19682/ (Data obrashcheniya: 26.03.2020)
5.
Haas, Ernst B., and Philippe C. Schmitter. “Economics and Differential Patterns of Political Integration: Projections about Unity in Latin America.” International Organization, vol. 18, no. 4, 1964, p. 711. [Elektronnyi resurs]. Rezhim dostupa: www.jstor.org/stable/2705528 (Data obrashcheniya: 11.04.2020)
6.
Haas, Ernst B. The Uniting of Europe. Political, Social, and economic forces 1950-1957. Notre Dame, Indiana: University of Notre Dame Press, 2004. p.12
7.
Schmitter P. Ernst B. Haas and the legacy of neofunctionalism, Journal of European Public Policy 2005, p. 258.
8.
Haas, Ernst B. The Uniting of Europe. Political, Social, and economic forces 1950-1957. Notre Dame, Indiana: University of Notre Dame Press, 2004. p.16
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Schmitter P. Ernst B. Haas and the legacy of neofunctionalism, Journal of European Public Policy 2005, p.243-246
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