Статья 'Регулирование международной деятельности современных транснациональных корпораций' - журнал 'Право и политика' - NotaBene.ru
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Law and Politics
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Regulation of international activity of the modern multinational corporations

Karpovich Oleg Gennad'evich

Doctor of Politics

Deputy Director of the Insitute, Institue of Stategic Research and Forecasting of the People's Friendship University of Russia

101000, Russia, Moscow, Mikluho-Maklaya Street 6

karpovich40@mail.ru
Другие публикации этого автора
 

 

DOI:

10.7256/2454-0706.2017.1.21596

Review date:

01-01-2017


Publish date:

02-02-2017


Abstract.

This article is dedicated to the contemporary approaches towards political regulation of the international activity of modern multinational corporations on the institutional level. The object of this research is the international activity of multinational corporations, while the subject is the forms and methods of regulation of their international activity. The goal of this work consists in the attempt to characterize the existing form and methods of regulation of the international activity of multinational corporations (MNCs), as well as assess their efficiency. The author turns attention to the role of the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD) in regulation of the international activity of multinational corporations, as well as peculiarities of application of the norms and positions of the “Behavioral Code of MNCs” and “Global Compact” of the United Nations. A conclusion is made that the existing forms and methods of normative legal regulation of the modern MNCs are not sufficiently effective, because the majority of them is reduced to encouragement of MNCs towards signing with the nation states of the so-called agreements and contracts, which usually carry a declarative character. At the same time, the voluntarily accepted by the multinational corporations, responsibilities are not mandatory in practice, but rather completely depend on free will of the owners of MNCs. Most of such contracts and agreements (for example, the “Behavioral Code of MNCs”) do not contain sanctions for violation of the norms, and as a result, international mechanism of their application is not expressed, which makes the aforementioned norms recommendatory. This, in turn, leads to the fact that the modern MNCs, with regards to international affairs, avoid control of their activity by the nation states and intergovernmental international organizations.

Keywords: diplomacy, international relations, global instability, world politics, global information space, geopolitics, interests, state, sequrity, risks
This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .

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