Urban Studies - rubric Microsociology
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MAIN PAGE > Journal "Urban Studies" > Rubric "Microsociology"
Polyushkevich O.A. - Toponymy of Irkutsk in assessment of its residents pp. 12-22


Abstract: The subject of this research is the results of sociological survey of the Toponymy of Irkutsk in perception of its residents. The article discusses the key problems related to renaming of the streets of historical city and associated with it socio-cultural and routine transformation of the conditions and peculiarities of life of the Irkutsk residents. The author generalizes the existing inconsistencies and suggests the alternatives for alleviating the social tension and discontent. The solution methods of toponymic inconsistencies through the binomial names of streets and squares of the city. Methodology contains the standardized interview of the city residents, conducted with the help of quota sampling: based on the gender and age. The scientific novelty in indication of the major problems in streets renaming, determination of the moral-ethnical and routine difficulties that are faced by the residents of renamed streets in Irkutsk. The author demonstrates the options of the sociopolitical modelling and pressure that can be understood vaguely by the city population, and thus have ambiguous consequences.  
Gorelova Y.R. - Urban environment in perception of residents of a large provincial city (on the example of Omsk) pp. 51-60


Abstract: This article presents the results of sociological research aimed at identifying the characteristics of the urban environment perception of the inhabitants of a large provincial city (on Omsk data). As a result, the author formulates a list of parameters covered in this study. The main parameters are the following : firstly, the assessment of the subjective perception of citizens of the visual characteristics of urban environment (including aesthetic, formal (size, structure, composition); secondly, the assessment of the level of emotional perception (based on a list of basic and secondary emotional state); and thirdly, the additional features aimed primarily at identifying the parameters inherent to urban lifestyle author characterizes the dynamics of the research interest in urban space perception problems. The author develops an original version of semantic differential consisting of twenty polar scales defined by the pairs of antonymous adjectives. Within the framework of this research, the pairs of antonymous adjectives are deliberately mixed between the blocks, but in the preparation of the questionnaire, the author takes into account the existence of such conceptual blocks as the visual characteristics of space, emotional perception, and additional characteristics. The results of the research allow estimating the current state of perception of the inhabitants of the city environment of their stay, and can be applied in the development of urban solutions alongside the conceptual foundations of regional cultural policy. Most of the responses are determined by the objective characteristics of lifestyle in the large cities, such as substantial size, rapid pace of life, environmental problems, a high level of protection provided by the visual monotony largely objects panel construction and others.
Anosov S.S. - The specificity of civic initiatives in the cities of Irkutsk Region pp. 63-69


Abstract: The subject of this research is the civic initiatives realized in the cities of Irkutsk Region. The author examines the expert evaluation of civic initiatives by the participants of such events, as well as provides the data of the public opinion poll regarding the inclusion into the activity of civic initiatives and assessment of its efficiency. Particular attention is given to the essential characteristics of civic initiatives that testify to the uneven development of civil society in the cities of Irkutsk Region. The author specifically reviews the assessment and forms of perception of successfulness and unsuccessfulness of the realized initiatives, when in accordance to the author’s opinion along with the experts and population, the result can be evaluated based on the positive result (when the participants have achieved their goal), as well as negative (when the goal has not been achieved, but caused public response or other reactions. Methodology implies expert survey and questionnaire. The latter involved 900 females and 300 males in the age of 18-75, with different level of education and professional status, as well as financial income or social status. The expert survey involved 12 people, selected based on the criterion of participation in the regional civic initiatives (of minimum 10 per year). The scientific novelty consists in analysis of the assessment of the performance of civic activists, participants of civic initiatives by themselves and the society. Civic initiatives in the cities of Irkutsk Region help solving the issues that the municipal and regional authorities do not deal with. Participation in civil initiatives develops the skills of self-organization, cooperation, and socially responsible behavior.
Kovrigina G.D. - Specificity of mentality of the residents of small cities of Siberia pp. 70-77


Abstract: The subject of this research is the mentality of the residents of small cities of Siberia. The author meticulously examines the residents of small cities of Irkutsk, Kemerovo, and Krasnoyarsk Regions, indicates the key features of the Siberian mentality justified by the historical and cultural traditions of the regions, as well as social and political processes that create the modern framework for the development of Siberian territories. The article refers to the basic part of the establishment of mentality, constant in time and space, and temporary local circumstances that emphasize certain peculiarities of Siberian mentality. The research involved 2,400 respondents in the age of 18-75, who have been residing in the small cities of Siberia (Zima, Shelekhov, Sayansk, Baykalsk, Yeniseysk, Zheleznogorsk, Sosnovoborsk, Uyar, Guryevsk, Kaltan, Myski, and Tayga) for five or more years. As the main conclusion, the author listed the following distinct features of mentality inherent to the residents of small cities of Siberia: values of territorial identity form the foundation of the mentality of Siberians; limited vertical mobility; manifestation of the traditional features of Russian culture (collectivism and paternalism); special attitude to the social institutions – government, religion, and family.
Borisova Y.V. - Image of a city as a development strategy (on the example of Irkutsk) pp. 81-92


Abstract: The object of this article is the theoretical formulations of the Russian scholars dedicated to the study of image of a city within the national discourse, marking the main spheres, forms, and methods of examination of the cities. The work provides the results of the authorial empirical study of the image of Irkutsk, structured upon the perception of the city dwellers of high, medium, and low level of satisfaction with the city, urban semiotics, and space. The author traces the emotional state of each of the highlighted groups, as well as analyzes the trans-symbolic peculiarities of perception of the image of Irkutsk through the affective, cognitive, and activity essences, which the residents put in the image itself. The research applies the method of survey, which involved 1800 residents of Irkutsk, 55% of women and 45% of men, from 18 to 75 years of age. The level of education varied: secondary education – 10%; vocational education – 15%; higher education – 55%; post-graduate degree – 20%. The conclusion is made on the establishment of the city image of Irkutsk for the government authorities and its residents. The main vectors of the positive image of Irkutsk are based on harmonious development policy of the city's infrastructure, sociocultural and ecological traditions, combined with the advancement of innovation forms of production. The final thesis is reduced to the fact that the future of Irkutsk is being formed in the present.
Gorelova Y.R., Gefner O.V. - The problem of structuring urban territories in perception of city dwellers (on the materials of Novosibirsk) pp. 134-140


Abstract: The subject of this research is the structural-spatial perceptions of the city dwellers. Within the framework of this article, the author presents the results of sociological survey conducted in the city of Novosibirsk focused on the examination of specificity of spatial perception of the city residents of central and suburban territories of their city. As a result, the author determined the spaces attributable to the center or suburbs; factors that influence the perception of certain spaces as central or of increased value; specifies the conceptual parameters of the center in perception of the residents of large city. The main research method is the questionnaire, using the principle of quota sample based on consideration of demographic characteristics of parent population. The results of research allow assessing the specificity of the structural-spatial perception of city dwellers of the place of their residence; can be used in city-planning solutions; and development of the conceptual bases for the regional cultural policy. The majority of answers is defined by the objective characteristics of life in the large cities, such as considerable size, accelerated pace of life, environmental problems, high level of visual monotony of the environment mostly presented by the objects of prefabricated housing, etc.
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