Urban Studies - rubric Question at hand
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Question at hand
Smirnova I.G., Dobrynina I.S. - The impact of personality traits of Chelyabinsk residents upon the perception of information on environmental situation pp. 1-11

DOI:
10.7256/2310-8673.2022.1.37312

Abstract: The object of this research is the residents of Chelyabinsk, while the subject is the anxiety in perception of environmental information. Chelyabinsk was selected as a typical metropolis with the established industrial image, where the existing environmental situation differs from the average in the country. Attention is turned to the problem of environmental anxiety characteristic for people living in large cities. Analysis is conducted on the peculiarities of collective perception of information on environmental problems by urban residents, as well as environmental anxiety that occurs as a response to the environment and related information. It is noted that this problem falls not only under the scope of ecology, but also ecological consciousness of the population and image of the city. The novelty of this research lies in revealing personality traits that contribute or impede the development of anxiety in perception of information by residents of the city. Within the framework of this study, the author developed the projective test for assessing the situational anxiety. For determining personal anxiety and other accentuations, the article employs Smishek's “characterological questionnaire, as well as self-actualization test (SAT). This article is first to provide summary results of all three tests. Several groups of city residents with different response to environmental information are revealed, among which are the groups with personal and situational anxiety. The groups are described in terms of accentuations and personality traits.
Tseluiko D.S., Shnaider G.I. - Features and capaities of non-traditional programs for architectural modeling and visualization on the example of the game "MINECRAFT" pp. 1-7

DOI:
10.7256/2310-8673.2022.3.38367

EDN: PZQYAO

Abstract: This article is devoted to the analysis of the modeling process and visualization capabilities in the Minecraft game, as well as comparing the result with architectural visualization in the Archicad program. The process of creating a three-dimensional model is described using the main stages: site preparation, drawing creation, model design and visualization. Each of the stages has its own characteristics within the game environment. The article points out the negative sides of Minecraft: limited detail and unrealistic visualization. The advantages of the program are also described: the ease of operation and intuitiveness of the menu, the ability to quickly model complex shapes, the game gives minimal concepts about working with materials, the environment and the scene for visualization. The main advantage is the ability to develop three-dimensional thinking within the game environment. The world of the architectural industry is undergoing great changes, this is expressed both in unusual forms and materials of buildings, and in design programs. Each of which has its own characteristics and tools, due to which it facilitates the creation of a certain category of volumes. This makes it possible to develop a certain style trend, an example of this is the Rhinoceros program with the Grasshopper plugin, which allows you to easily create and modify complex objects. But in addition to complex programs with many functions, there are also simple ones that are more entertainment than a serious tool, but can interest the user and direct him to the path of the future architect. One of the most popular games of this type is Minecraft. It is familiar to every student and schoolboy, for a reason, because the creative potential of this game is almost inexhaustible.
Mikhailov A. - The protection of cultural heritage objects. Intangible aspects pp. 25-34

DOI:
10.7256/2310-8673.2023.3.43592

EDN: SSYTBI

Abstract: The work continues the author's research on the intangible aspects of the subject of protection of cultural heritage objects and is the basis for proposals for amendments to legislation on the protection of cultural heritage objects. The results of the research is a long-term study of methods for determining the subject of protection of cultural heritage objects in terms of specifying intangible features. The author pays special attention to the analysis of historical events that occurred in the object or its surrounding historical environment, which influenced its perception by both contemporaries and their descendants. The scientific novelty of the research is determined by the allocation of intangible aspects of the subject of protection as a separate parameter. In most cases, studying the object of cultural heritage, its stages of formation, we do not pay special attention to the existence of the place. In the methods of objects of protection, attention is paid to the material component of the object of protection. However, it is by studying the intangible component of the history of the formation of the object, such as the memories of contemporaries, artistic depiction, historical use, and so on. The result of the study is a system of intangible attributes of objects of protection of cultural heritage objects, as a necessary measure to preserve the value characteristics of the object of cultural heritage. The author gives recommendations on amendments to legislative norms in the field of protection of cultural heritage objects.
Cheglakov A.D. - The peculiarities of emotional impact and therapeutic properties of wooden sculptures pp. 34-41

DOI:
10.7256/2310-8673.2021.3.35981

Abstract: This article explores the ability of wooden sculptures and objects to influence psychoemotional state of a person. It is noted that the expanding gap between man and nature due to the rapid development of large cities along with the natural factor receding into the background, generate the fundamentally new problematic and applied field that requires the creation of operational mechanisms to release the growing tension in the context of alienation from nature. It is stated that one of the recent achievements of the European scientific community consists in classification of this problematic as the nature deficit disorder, as well as in first steps towards resolving this issue in form of natural therapies – specific ways of human interaction with nature. The author traces and analyzes the possibility of using wooden sculpture as one of the instruments for stabilization pf psychoemotional and physical state of a person via interaction with natural material. Thus, the development of wooden sculptures and their inclusion into training, educational and rehabilitation programs indicates the properties of wooden sculpture as an affordable and effective therapeutic instrument.
Ordynskaya Y. - Altai Republic - prospects for the development of the territory of the border region pp. 46-56

DOI:
10.7256/2310-8673.2022.2.38255

EDN: CWXKZM

Abstract: The aim of the study is to identify possible prospects for the development of the territory of the Altai Republic as a unique region due to its geographical location at the junction of several borders (Kazakhstan, Mongolia, China). The object of the study is the territory of the border region. Special attention is paid to the identification of risk factors, positive and negative sides of the territory. The relevance is due to the fact that at present, due to the difficult political situation, the rupture of many economic ties, the vector of development of the country will be radically changed. The emphasis is placed on the development of foreign economic activity with friendly countries, which will certainly affect the development of common border territories. The main conclusions of the study are that both sides of the state border are specific to the existing socio-demographic risks low development of the territory, border settlements are few, low indicator of social development, unemployment in rural areas, social infrastructure in critical condition. For the first time, the study examines the prospects for the development of the Altai Republic with a comprehensive account of all related factors. The novelty of the study is that for the first time a SWOT analysis of the territory has been applied, which has so far been used only for business plans of companies. The results confirm the effectiveness of this method. In the course of the research, cartographic, economic and statistical methods, as well as general scientific methods were used: analysis, comparison, generalization.
Rudenkin D.V. - Street art in the perception of Russian urban youth: a manifestation of creativity or a kind of vandalism? pp. 61-78

DOI:
10.7256/2310-8673.2020.4.34414

Abstract: The article is devoted to the analysis of the dominant attitudes of Russian urban youth to street art. The period of growing up of representatives of modern urban youth in Russia came at a time when street art began to gradually turn into a familiar element of cultural life and even a kind of brand of many cities. And the basic hypothesis of the work is that growing up in the conditions of the development of street art could form interest and loyalty to this creative genre among the current representatives of Russian urban youth. To test this hypothesis, the author refers to the data of his own sociological research conducted among the youth of a particular city – Yekaterinburg. The key subject of this research is the peculiarities of street art ideas characteristic of the city's youth. As a result of the analysis of the collected data, the author comes to the conclusion that the hypothesis about the formation of a loyal and interested attitude to street art among urban youth turns out to be fair. Street art is perceived by young people as a full-fledged creative genre that makes the city brighter and more attractive. There is practically no attitude to street art as vandalism and abuse of urban space among young people. And young people expect the authorities not to fight street art, but to create conditions for its development. The key result of this work is the conclusion: the youth of the city are accustomed to treat street art as something natural and organic for the social reality of the city. The novelty of the conducted research and the conclusions obtained lies in the use of sociological methodology to analyze the role of street art in the life of a modern city: referring to the survey techniques, the author shows what attitude to street art has been established among the youth of the city and analyzes the reasons that led to this.
Gataullin R.F. - Concept and patterns of the formation of urban micro-space pp. 64-70

DOI:
10.7256/2310-8673.2018.3.27484

Abstract:   In the strategies for development of municipal formation, which are currently being prepared for the period 2018-2030, a significant place is allocated to the improvement of living conditions of residential areas. The corresponding federal program is being currently implemented. At the same time, the socioeconomic content of the works on improvement of living conditions is far from being introduced to the economic science. Therefore, this segment of activity is somewhat unproductive. The subject of this work is the results of activity on the improvement of living conditions, elements of “micro-space” – the public goods justifying their usefulness. Within the framework of classical methodology of economic theory, the author reveals the essence and key patterns in formation of usefulness of the various elements of micro-space of the residential areas. This article is first to describe the socioeconomic value of the category of “micro-space”. The author demonstrates the main patterns in formation of micro-space elements – correlation between their helpfulness and frequency of exploitation of these goods; multiplicity of the forms of ownership; dependency of selecting their specific type from the existing system of interests. The dependence of the form of financing of rendering these goods from their usefulness and mechanism of the alignment of interests of various consumers is also being determined. The author suggests to use the factor of possible expansion of micro-space for increasing the quality of life of the fellow citizens.  
Svinukhova Y.N. - Substantiation of the priorities of social development of territories (on the example of subjects of Volga Federal District) pp. 79-98

DOI:
10.7256/2310-8673.2020.4.34751

Abstract: In the conditions of the relevant in modern Russian space problem of social and inter-budget transfers and limited resources that can be used for fulfilling social goals and needs, one of the primary tasks of regional social policy becomes the identification of priority vectors of administrative influence. Thus stresses the need for the algorithm or methodology that would focus on assessment of the degree of balance of social and economic processes unfolding in different territorial entities, as well as determine the “tender” points and priorities of social reforms depending on the peculiarities of development of specific territories. The object of this research is the socioeconomic processes of territorial entities. The subject is the factors of the quality of life within the territorial entities. The empirical base relies on the data of the Federal State Statistics Service. Secondary data analysis is carried out. The article presents an overview of the theoretical-methodological and methodical foundations for assessment of the level of social development of the territories. An attempt of comprehensive assessment of social dynamics in the regions based on definition of the index of sociality of the regions is presented. The methodology offered in this article was tested on the subjects of Volga Federal District, allowed determining the key trends in social development of these territories, as well as tracing the interregional dynamics.
Vasil'eva E.Y., Frolova E.V., Rogach O.V. - Exercising the right to shelter for orphans and children abandoned by their parents in the Russian Federation pp. 104-121

DOI:
10.7256/2310-8673.2020.1.31810

Abstract: The object of this research is the Russian practice of providing shelter to orphans and children abandoned by their parents. The authors examine such aspects of the problem as availability and capability of timely provision of shelter to orphans after release from orphanage, as well as mechanisms of exercising right to shelter for this social group. Special attention is given to the dysfunctions in the work of regional and municipal authorities regarding creation of environment enabling orphans to exercise such right. The information framework for this research consists of federal and regional normative-legislative acts, as well as information and analytical data forwarded by the regional authorities to the Accounts Chamber of the Russian Federation for the period of 2014-2019. A conclusion is made that the modern practice of providing shelter for orphans is a prerequisite for development of social injustice regarding families, in which parents diligently carry out their obligations, lead socially acceptable lifestyle, but are unable to provide their children with separate housing. The solution to this situation can come from creation of housing that cannot be privatized or be subject to alienation and made available for social renting.
Gataullin R.F. - Transborder agglomerations in socioeconomic development of the regions pp. 114-122

DOI:
10.7256/2310-8673.2018.3.27559

Abstract: Under the conditions of market economy, the bigger role in the settlement system belongs to agglomerations – clusters with economic, cultural and migration ties, reflected in economic literature and practice of government administration. At the same time, the analysis of particular problems emerging in formation of transborder agglomerations along with articulation of the problem of transborder agglomerations at the regional level are missing. The article examines the borders and composition of the Almetyevsk-Oktyabrsky, Kamsky and Southern-Transurals agglomerations located in the western and eastern borders of the Republic of Bashkortostan. The existing problems pertinent to formation of the indicated agglomerations and ways for their solution are demonstrated. The connectedness of separate municipal settlements that form one or another agglomeration is determined through assessment of the passenger traffic. The presence of transportation lines and history of economic development of the region are also taken into account. For the first time within the economic literature the borders are defined for the proposal to form Almetyevsk-Oktyabrsky, Kamsky and Southern-Transurals agglomerations. Timely determination and necessary support will allow better exploiting their potential, as well as increasing the level of socioeconomic development.
Babintsev V.P., Gaidukova G.N., Shapoval Z.A. - The phenomenon of sociocultural urban waste: to articulation of the problem pp. 122-133

DOI:
10.7256/2310-8673.2020.1.32156

Abstract: This article reviews the phenomenon of sociocultural waste as a special type of waste inevitably forms in the process of metabolism of the modern urbanized areas. It is noted that the idea of studying the phenomenon of waste applicable to the sphere of culture not only retains its importance, but is constantly put to the forefront due to mass sociocultural activity and its transformations, affected by implementing into the urban life of newest technical systems, and associated with them information technologies and increase of ecological factor in the development of urbanized environment. In methodological regard, the work leans on the concept of social metabolism, viewed as a system of dynamic transformations of social reality under the influence of factors that have social, technical-technological and biological nature. The urban sociocultural waste is defined as a complex of products of cultural activity of the residents, which under the certain conditions cannot be used for restoration of city and urban community based on the principle of social conjunction, remain non-demanded by the majority of residents, not attributed to as value and are potentially or actually socially destructive (“socially toxic”). The author substantiates the criteria for determining waste among all: dysfunctionality, limited demand, public devaluation, potential destructiveness. A conclusion is formulated that municipal authorities and community for the benefit of development of urbanized environment would objectively have to determine the target strategy for social waste.
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