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MAIN PAGE > Journal "Urban Studies" > Contents of Issue № 01/2018
This issue is currently being formed. All articles presented on this page have already been included in this issue, are considered published, and will remain unchanged in the final version of the issue along with other metadata of the articles.
Учредитель: Даниленко Василий Иванович, w.danilenko@nbpublish.com
Главный редактор: Слабуха Александр Васильевич, PhD in Architecture, slabuha@mail.ru
Contents of Issue № 01/2018
Системы управления и планирования
Ivanov O., Ilinskaya Y. - Stages of escalation of city-planning conflicts in modern Russia pp. 1-13


Abstract:  This article examines the phenomenon of city-planning conflicts in modern Russia, as well as determines the objectively existing complicated moments in studying of the topic. The aforementioned phenomenon is viewed through the prism of the necessity of formulating the universal approach towards understanding the dynamics of escalation of the city-planning conflicts, identification, and studying of the stages of its development. Attention is concentrated on the causes that led to changes in urban space in the process of the continuous urbanization and the impact of economic interests upon the character of urban development. From the perspective of system approach alongside consideration of the existing theories, the author analyses the dynamics of city-planning conflicts and stages of their intensification. The scientific novelty lies in the attempt to systematically explore the city-planning conflicts as a dynamic phenomenon that goes through several stages; in effort to identify these stages, formulate their qualitative diversities, trace the possibility of escalation of the city-planning conflict in terms of upward and downward directions. The author suggests applying the acquired data for managing the conflicts, particularly as preventative measures, taking into account that they involve large number of participants, attract broad public attention, and thus, are ones of the most complicated from the standpoint of their management and resolution. The article substantiates the need for further research of the phenomenon of city-planning conflicts as a whole and stages of their escalation in particular by the experts in the corresponding fields.  
Культурное наследие
Uzhgerenas M.P. - The last summer residence of the Emperor Nicholas II: role of engineering infrastructure in formation of the “Lower Dacha” in Alexandria Park of Petergof pp. 14-29


Abstract: This article examines the question regarding the preservation of the object of cultural heritage “Lower Dacha” in Saint Petersburg (town of Petergof, Alexandria Park). In the course of architectural and archeological explorations, have been discovered the remnants of the underground engineer communications of sewerage through ceramic pipes. Such discovery confirms the assumption that the construction of buildings at the lower terrace of the park in the riverine conditions of shallow water and spring flowage was possible in terms of solving a number of engineering and ecological tasks. The article applies the system-structural method of studying the archival funds that contain geographical materials of engineering and executive documentation, photo images, explanatory notes, as well as bills for construction supplies and executed services. The result of the research lies in determination of the role of engineering infrastructure in establishment and development of the architectural complex “Lower Dacha” – as the basic document to justification of its historical and cultural values and need for its preservation. Despite the fact that it was not the primary residence of the Emperor Nicholas II, but rather the favorite country retreat of the family, signifying the birth of three daughters of the Emperor and the crown prince Alexey, it symbolizes multiple remarkable memories and events in the history of Russia.
City dwellers
Levchenko I.E., Novgorodtseva A.N. - The opinion of Middle Ural residents on health services pp. 30-39


Abstract: The object of this research is the adult patients of healthcare facilities of the districts of Sverdlovsk Region. Among the respondents are 34 males and 60 females consisted of the following age groups: 18-39 (30 people), 40-59 (38 people), above 60 (26 people). The subject of this research is the quality of health services in medical centers of the towns of Artemovsky, Asbest, Berezovsky, Nizhnyaya Tura, Pervouralks, Rezh, and town settlement of Shalya. The quality evaluation is realized in accordance with a number of criteria: comfort conditions and waiting time of rendering health services; level of satisfaction with the provided services, etc. Methodological base implies the sociology of city, healthcare, and medicine, as well as application of the structured interview involving 94 patients. The scientific novelty consists in the empirical results. It is established that sanitary and hygienic norms vary among the medical centers of the considered towns. The author determine both, the apparent violations of the existing regulations, as well as patients’ positive evaluations of the available conditions. In all assessed city clinics similar problems in the work of the physicians are detected: doubts of the respondents regarding the competency of particular specialists; insufficient amount of time allocated for patient visit; instances of unfriendly treatment of patients; prescriptions written for expensive brands of medications while there are other low-cost alternatives. Based on the acquired data, the respondents have given a relatively high feedback on the work of medical personnel, although the overall quality of health services was assessed as moderate.
Design and Environment
Fomina E.V., Barsukova N.I. - Engineering design and modernization of building-adjacent territories in industrial cities (on the example of Tolyatti) pp. 40-50


Abstract: The subject of this research is the urban space of Tolyatti – a large industrial center built during Soviet times. The article analyzes the Soviet and post-Soviet ideas of designing the urban environment. The object of this research is the building-adjacent territories of the most problem, standard residential areas that in a lesser extent correspond with the modern perception of human comfort in urban environment. The need for modernization and harmonization of courtyard spaces for increasing the quality of life of the urban population is demonstrated through the complex environmental approach, namely the engineering design. The authors conduct a correlational analysis of the contemporary design projects of creating the comfortable environment along with the idea resources laid in the project of an “ideal” Soviet industrial city. In the course of this research were determined the positive city-planning ideas of “city of the future” that allow efficiently develop the building-adjacent territories. The authors examine the problematic of the standard residential construction of Tolyatti and transformation of the functions of urban environment, as well as substantiate the role of courtyard as an important territory for increasing the quality of life in the modern industrial city. The concept of a contemporary courtyard space is presented.
Kuzmina N.V. - Cultural landscapes of Russian metropolises: symbolic-semiotic aspect pp. 51-58


Abstract: This article gives special attention to the question of formation of the cultural landscape as a constant process of semiosis, which instrument in the Russian metropolises is the symbolic-semiotic engineering. The traditional component of cultural landscapes penetrates all sociocultural systems and procures their existence. It forms the “collective memory” of urban community and separate social groups, thus ensuring the succession in their development that manifests as an essential condition in preserving social order. The innovative component, in turn, expresses the ability of metropolitan society to adjust to the rapidly transforming surrounding world, which allows solving the most relevant for the society and human issues. Methodological foundation of uncovering the imagery of Russian metropolises contains the theory of micro-urbanism of O. Berdnikova and O. Zaporozhets; visual sociology (visual anthropology) of R. Flaherty, J. Rouchm, R. Gardner, M. Mead; as well as the theory of spatial representation of culture of Setha M. Low. The author comes to a conclusion that in the process of symbolic-semiotic engineering of the Russian metropolises,  the key centers of which are the cultural landscape, it is necessary to reproduce the familiar to city residents symbols and signs, structure the images of metropolis that are capable to encourage the social creativity as an essential mechanism of the dynamics of urban culture.
Zakharova E.E. - Social spaces as a new vector of sociocultural development of the territory pp. 59-65


Abstract: In modern metropolises, there is an entire spectrum of open spaces, which includes city squares, parks, river walks, naturally formed landscapes, curtilage in residential developments, and others. Often their appearance contributes not only to sociocultural, but economic development of the territory as well. Social space is an incubator of urban development, assigned with an important role in establishment of the holistic sociocultural structure of the city that ensures relevance of the selected topic, which subject is the public territories. The author examines the link between the sociocultural development of the territory and social space as a new vector of its development, using the methods of theoretical analysis of the scientific-methodological literature and open Internet sources for the extensive coverage of the question at hand, as well as the methods of comparison, analogy, and generalization. The scientific novelty consists in introducing characteristics to the concepts of social and cultural spaces, as well as analyzing the project practices of formation of the social spaces, implemented within the framework of national project of the Strategic Initiatives Agency “Far from the Capitals”. The presented in the article analysis of formation of the experimental open platforms allows concluding that the social spaces are capable of making changes in life of the city, which requires the search for the new ways and methods for their creation, preservation, and modernization.
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