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Urban Studies
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The stages of reconstruction works on preserving the Great Temple at Abu Simbel

Shahin Kristina

PhD in Architecture

Postgraduate student, Engineering Academy, Peoples' Friendship University of Russia

117198, Russia, Moskva oblast', g. Moscow, ul. Miklukho-Maklaya, 6

kristik31@mail.ru

DOI:

10.7256/2310-8673.2021.1.35308

Review date:

22-03-2021


Publish date:

19-05-2021


Abstract: In view of the possible solutions to the question of preservation of cultural heritage, the experts in various fields face a problem of appropriateness of the selected solution or approach towards specific object, which method should be used in a particular case, what difficulties may impede the implementation of plan for preservation of cultural monument. Taking into account the importance to meet the requirements on preservation of cultural heritage sites and avoid the change of appearance, spatial planning, design solutions and structure of the object, the question of preservation becomes more complicated and relevant. This article provides example of one of the first projects for preservation of the monuments of ancient civilization, conducted by UNESCO, which allowed acquiring an invaluable experience of reconstructing the world significant sites located outside of Europe. A detailed analysis is carried out on restoration of the world heritage site, which due to the construction of Aswan High Dam on the Nile River, was on the edge of being lost. Thus, considering various proposals pertinent to preservation of the Great Temple at Abu Simbel, provided by organizations and individual experts from different countries, as well as the challenges faced in implementation of the approved plan, it is possible to find new solutions for other UNESCO sites that need to be preserved and restored due to various factors influencing their integrity and conservation


Keywords: integrity, dismantling, restoration, heritage of world significance, preservation of cultural heritage, international community, UNESCO, preservation, relocation, The salvage of the Abu Simbel temples
This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .

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