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Urban Studies
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Architecture of residential environment in the settlements along the Chinese Eastern Railway

Glatolenkova Ekaterina

Senior Educator, the department of Design of Architectural Environment, Pacific National University

680035, Russia, Khabarovskii krai, g. Khabarovsk, ul. Tikhookeanskaya, 136

008703@pnu.edu.ru
Другие публикации этого автора
 

 

DOI:

10.7256/2310-8673.2020.1.32316

Review date:

02-03-2020


Publish date:

10-03-2020


Abstract.

This article examines the peculiarities of formation of residential areas along the Chinese Eastern Railway (CER); analyzes the pattern of settlements; and examines the architectural nuances of residential buildings. The object of this research is the architectural urban development peculiarities of Russian railroad stations on the territory of Northern Manchuria. The subject of this research is the residential environment in the settlements along the Chinese Eastern Railway. The chronological framework covers the first three decades of the XX century: beginning of construction and first years of exploitation of the railway, characterized by active urban development process and creation of full-fledged environment for accommodation of construction workers, railway workers, migrants from Russia, Southern Manchuria and mainland China. The theoretical foundation for this study consists in the systemic-axiological approach, according to which the culture defines the system of materialistic and spiritual values passed from one generation to another, and allows determining the value grounds of cultural interaction and its panhuman significance. The work explores the peculiarities of architecture and urban development in the settlements along CER. Study is carried out on the construction process of the railway and living conditions of first workers, approaches towards design of the stations of the main line and the southern branch, as well as architecture of residential building of the settlements. The author considers the impact of Russian environment upon the existing Chinese cities, and the use of the traditional Chinese approaches in the projects by the Russian engineers and architects.

Keywords: residential architecture, railway settlements, town-planning development, town-planning, interaction of cultures, architectural heritage, architecture, history, paired settlement, border zone
This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .

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