Статья 'Технологии эко-урбанизма как ответ на последствия изменения климата. ' - журнал 'Урбанистика' - NotaBene.ru
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Urban Studies

Technologies of ecological urbanism as a response to the consequences of climate change

Sadkovskaya Oxana

Сhief Architect of the project, Regional Research and Design Institute of Town Planning, Rostov-on-Don, Russia; Person, assigned to postgraduate courses for preparation of thesis for getting of an academic PhD in Architecture, Urban Planning Department, Moscow Institute of Architecture (State Academy), Moscow, Russia

344007, Russia, Rostovskaya oblast', g. Rostov-Na-Donu, ul. Ul. Sedova, 6/3, 6,8,9 et.

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This article analyzes the city-development experience of the countries that implemented in practice the principles of ecological urbanism. The object of research is the planning structure and landscape layout of the territory of low-rise residential construction. The author examines the planning methods that conduce the mitigation of anthropogenic effect upon the urban environment. The subject of research is the principles and methods of city-planning organization of territory aimed at formation of the comfortable microclimate of residential housing under the conditions of climate change. The article considers the practical experience of the following countries: United States, Canada, New Zealand, Australia, Great Britain, Netherlands, and Germany. The satellite images of the fragments of urban territories are examined. The author analyzed the normative documentation in the area of urban-environmental approach, as well as the requirements: LID, SuDS, BMPs, SCMs, etc. As a result of scientific work, the author proposed the ways for integration of the ecologically safe landscapes into the structure of low-rise residential construction. The article also suggests the systematization of urban landscape by the types of regulatory practices of the hydrologic cycle: cumulative, absorbing, water-reducing, and directive. The city-planning and architectural components with regards to regulation of the hydrologic cycle of urban landscapes are determined.

Keywords: drainage, water-leaching, absorption, meso-spaces, urban landscape, hydrological cycle, ecological urbanism, ecological framework, ecological landscape, Low Impact Design
This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .

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