Статья 'Базилика как социокультурный феномен' - журнал 'Урбанистика' - NotaBene.ru
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Urban Studies
Reference:

Basilica as a sociocultural phenomenon

Barmina Nadezhda Igorevna

PhD in History

Docent, the department of Musicology and Culturology, Ural Federal University

620083, Russia, Yekaterinburg, Prospekt Lenina 51, office #415

nbarmina08@mail.ru
Levchenko Il'ya Evgenevich

PhD in Philosophy

Docent, the department of Political Science, Ural Federal University

620000, Russia, Sverdlovskaya oblast', g. Ekaterinburg, pr. Lenina, 51, kab. 419

ilevchenko08@mail.ru
Другие публикации этого автора
 

 

DOI:

10.7256/2310-8673.2016.4.21355

Review date:

07-12-2016


Publish date:

14-12-2016


Abstract.

The object of this research is basilica as a sociocultural phenomenon. It represents one of the unique architectural forms, which epitomizes the harmony of beauty and utility. The authors thoroughly examine the evolution of secular basilica that sequentially manifests as a residential, judicial, and financial-economic building. During the process of “Christianization” of basilica, we could observe the adjustment of the archaic symbolic. The technological methods of ancient art, filled with the Biblical content, were implemented in mural paintings and creation of the mosaic floor. Thus, the subject of this research is the transformation process from a secular construct into the Christian temple. The methodological basis of this work consists in the following concepts, which allow revealing the multifacetedness of the phenomenon of basilica: theory of architecture; sociology of space and architecture; sociology of culture, religion; sociology of city. The conducted research determined the pragmatics and symbolic of the transformation of basilica from the secular construct to religious building. The authors make a conclusion on the complex mechanism of sacralization.

Keywords: Ancient Greek basilica, functions of basilica, Christian basilica, secular basilica, mural painting, sociology, social area, architecture, Ancient Roman basilica, religious building
This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .

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