Статья 'Демографические проблемы индустриальных городов Иркутской области в 1990-е гг.' - журнал 'Урбанистика' - NotaBene.ru
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Urban Studies
Reference:

Demographic problems of the industrial cities of Irkutsk region during the 1990’s

Urozhaeva Tat'yana Petrovna

PhD in History

Associate of the Laboratory of Historical Demographics, Irkutsk State University

666683, Russia, Irkutsk Oblast, Ust-Ilimsk, Mechtateley Street 36, office #37

olgoy@ya.ru

DOI:

10.7256/2310-8673.2016.1.18170

Review date:

29-02-2016


Publish date:

01-04-2016


Abstract.

The subject of this research is the demographical processes that took place in the cities of Irkutsk Oblast during the 1990’s, while the object is the urban population of the region. The author examines the negative trends in the natural and migration movement of the urban population, as well as establishes the causes of depopulation. In the author’s opinion, the spread of municipal institutions of Irkutsk Oblast by the indexes of the general coefficient of mortality allows determining only the most common regularities. The minimal level of mortality was recorded in the southeastern and central districts of the Oblast, and also in the majority of large and medium size cities; the highest indexes of the general coefficient of mortality was accounted for the northern and a number of monotowns of the central and eastern part of the region. It is mostly the depressive municipal institutions with the monobranch economy. The conclusion is made the causes of demographical instability of the industrial cities were laid during the Soviet period and associated with the practice of involving the population from the new industrial districts. The economic crisis along with the elevation of social issues in 1990 significantly complicated the demographical development of the urban population in the region. During the course of this research the author used publications from the regional and local periodic publishers, materials from the separate monographs, and statistical data.

Keywords: Industrial, Cities, Demography, Birth rate, Mortality rate, Reproduction, Population, Migration, Depopulation, Monotowns
This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .

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