Статья 'Системный анализ акустической безопасности профессиональной деятельности авиационных специалистов' - журнал 'Вопросы безопасности' - NotaBene.ru
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The system analysis of acoustic safety of aviation specialists’ professional activities

Penchuchenko Viktor Vladimirovich

Head of the Department of the State Flight Test Center V.P.Chkalov

416501, Russia, Astrakhan Oblast, Aktyubinsk, Scherbakova Street 22

gniiivm-g@yandex.ru
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Kharitonov Vladimir Vasil'evich

PhD in Technical Science

Associate professor at the "Vzlet" branch of Moscow Aviation Institute (National Research University), professor at the Academy of Military Sciences; Corresponding Member of the International Academy of Human Problems in Aviation and Astronautics

416501, Russia, Akhtubinsk, Microdistrict 1, building 1  

gniiivm-h@yandex.ru
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Sheshegov Pavel Mikhailovich

PhD in Medicine

senior research associate Central Air Force Scientific Research Institute of Russian Ministry of Defense.

416507, Russia, Akhtubinsk, Perviy Mikrorayon St., 8, office 77

gniiivm-z@yandex.ru
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Zinkin Valerii Nikolaevich

Doctor of Medicine

lead research associate Central Scientific Research Institute of Russian Ministry of Defense

127083, Russia, Moscow, Petrovsko-Razumovskaya alleya St., 12-A

v.n.zinkin@yandex.ru
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Abashev Valentin Yur'evich

PhD in Technical Science

Deputy Director of the Research and Development Centre of Air Forces of the Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation

127083, Russia, Moscow, ul. Petrovsko-Razumovskaya alleya, 12, office A

gniiivm.g@ya.ru

DOI:

10.7256/2409-7543.2016.6.21292

Review date:

03-12-2016


Publish date:

10-01-2017


Abstract.

The research subject is acoustic safety of aviation specialists’ activities, including the analysis of the peculiarities of use of the audio channel of the aviation ergatic system management, the functional reliability of the operator of the aviation ergatic system, the sources of aviation noise, the ways of modeling of the noise impact on the reliability of the operator, the crews of modern aircrafts and the physiological mechanisms of impact of aviation noise on the operator of the aviation ergatic system. The novelty of the study is determined by its system character and orientation on the detection of the problems of safety of professional activities of aviation specialists, conditioned by the impact of aviation noise. The research methodology combines the methods of the reliability theory, hygienic studies, occupational medicine, evidentiary medicine, mathematical statistics and engineering acoustics. The authors formulate the particular problems of safety of professional activities of aviation specialists, determined by the impact of aviation noise. The study shows that aviation noise is the source of potential danger, causing the higher risk of misactions of aviation specialists and the danger of occupation diseases, causing the early professional disqualification. The research results show the urgent necessity to develop and implement special means and methods of improvement of acoustic safety of aviation specialists’ professional activities as an integral element of the safe operation of air transport. 

Keywords: potential unreliability of activity, aviation specialist, reliability of activities, acoustic protection, acoustic safety of a pilot , safety of the aviation system, ergatic aviation system, flight safety, functional reliability of a pilot, operation of air transport
This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .

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