Agriculture - номер 1 за 2020 год
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MAIN PAGE > Journal "Agriculture" > Contents of Issue № 01/2020
Contents of Issue № 01/2020
Economy of agriculture
Solomennikov A.E., Sigaev S.I. - The influence of the external environment uncertainty factors and the technological characteristics of sausage manufacture on the sustainable development of the meat-processing industry in Russia pp. 1-14

DOI:
10.7256/2453-8809.2020.1.32775

Abstract: The purpose of the article is to analyze the influence of the external and internal factors on the sustainable development of the meat-processing industry in Russia, to establish their role, importance and the consequences of impact. The authors describe such external environment uncertainty factors affecting the sustainable development of the meat-processing industry as the macroeconomic development - the crops cultivation as a food reserve for animal breeding, price fluctuation, including those for raw materials and food reserves for meat processing, meat market competition.Using the methods of logical, comparative and economic and statistical analysis, the authors study such an internal environment factor as the characteristics of sausage manufacture. The authors consider the formulation of the cooked sausage “Doktorskaya”, and analyze the food additives according to the state standards. The authors conclude that the sustainable development of the meat-processing industry in Russia is based, on the one hand, on risk and uncertainty levelling which is possible under the condition of the appropriate taking account of the external environment factors and the effective evaluation criteria, and on the other hand - on the technological characteristics of sausage manufacture involving the improvement of the formulation and wide use of food additives. 
Chemistry and agriculture
Mamedova R.F., Babayev M.S. - The study of the most appropriate ways of extracting tannins from creeping thyme in the flora of Azerbaijan pp. 15-24

DOI:
10.7256/2453-8809.2020.1.33061

Abstract: The research subject is the analysis of the chemical composition of the creeping thyme, particularly, the establishment of the most appropriate ways to extract tannins from its elements. The need for this research is determined by the fact that traditional and scientific medicine are based on the herbal substances resources, and the study of wild medical plants is of a great importance. From this perspective, plants of the thyme genus (Thymus) of the Lamiaceae family are of undoubted interest. Raw materials for the research were prepared in the mountainous regions of Azerbaijan, in places of natural growth of this plant. The research is based on two methods: permanganometric and complexometric. The research results demonstrate that the higher percentage of tannins was formed when using the complexometric method of extraction, which is the most objective in defining the percentage of tannins in the chemical composition of the creeping thyme, than when using the permanganometric method. The research also helped define the highest percentage of tannins in the chemical composition of the creeping thyme of certain fineness, with a certain type of extraction agent and certain time of extraction. For this purpose, the authors conduct the experiments with three sizes and proportions of the raw material and the extraction agent correspondingly, and three variants of extraction time.  
Agriculture management
Popova O.V. - Legal regulation of agricultural insurance pp. 25-32

DOI:
10.7256/2453-8809.2020.1.33300

Abstract: The development of the risk insurance system in agriculture, which is named as the main direction of state support for agriculture and the development of agricultural territories, is carried out only in the form of state subsidies for insurance premiums, which cannot be assessed as sufficient. The concept of further development of the risk insurance system has not been developed. At the same time, the need to develop the legal institution of agricultural insurance in a changing climate is becoming more and more obvious. Further development of agricultural insurance is proposed not only through the system of subsidizing part of the cost of insurance premiums, but also through the development of insurance cooperation, increasing the variability of insurance products. In addition, the issue of the need to create a transparent system of compensation payments to agricultural producers from the budget in the event of large-scale emergencies is raised.The functions of the state are those of ensuring national security, which means food security, and thus ensuring emergency response. Compensation for damage to agricultural producers in the event of large-scale natural disasters and natural disasters should be provided from the Federal budget or with its support.It is impossible to predict exactly how much money will be required to eliminate the consequences, this issue must be subjected to economic analysis and even interdisciplinary scientific research. But this is a matter of national importance, and the organization of such research should also be a function of the state.
Horticulture
Stepanova A.A. - Features of the legal regulation of harvesting wild plants as a type of entrepreneurial activity pp. 33-41

DOI:
10.7256/2453-8809.2020.1.33299

Abstract: In addition to timber harvesting, Russian laws also provide for other types of forest management that have a less harmful impact on forest ecosystems. The forests of our country have a high potential for wild forest resources. The demand for this type of product is growing every year. Berries and nuts exported from Russia have gained popularity in foreign markets. This industry is economically and socially significant, and its development will contribute to employment and income growth, regional development, and the creation of an organic market in our country. The legislator considers it necessary to develop and support entrepreneurs engaged in harvesting wild plants. But, to date, this industry is still poorly developed. This is facilitated by an insufficiently developed legislative framework that does not take into account the nuances of this industry, confusion in the powers of state authorities that are responsible for this area of business, the unavailability of state support measures for people engaged in harvesting non-wood forest resources, the complexity of assessing the potential of wild forest food and medicinal resources in the forest area, the complexity of legalizing activities for harvesting and processing wild plants, the lack of funds for deep processing of wild plants, as well as a number of environmental issues, economic and social factors. The article analyzes the problems that are an obstacle to the development of this branch of business in the harvesting of forest food resources and medicinal plants and suggests possible ways to solve them.
Genetic engineering
Rednikova T.V. - Agricultural production of genetically modified products as a means of ensuring food security: European experience in legal regulation pp. 42-53

DOI:
10.7256/2453-8809.2020.1.33298

Abstract: The article deals with the issues of legal regulation of the use of genetically modified organisms in the process of agricultural production in the European Union.The solution to the problems of agricultural production intensification is primarily possible through the use of new modern intensive technologies of crop production, animal husbandry and fisheries, which are also developed on the basis of the latest achievements of the biotechnological industry. One of the directions of intensification of agricultural production is the use of genetically modified crops, which allows increasing the profitability of growing plants, ensuring their increased resistance to negative climatic conditions, pathogens of infectious diseases, etc. The possibility of using such technologies is related to the need to assess their potential risk to the environment and human health.For almost 20 years, the European Union has had a fairly developed system of regulations governing various aspects of the use of genetically modified organisms in agriculture. However, their commercial use in the European Union for various reasons (complexity of administration, negative attitude in society, etc.) has not become widespread over time, and in most member States has now been banned. Taking into account the European experience, the author concludes that it is necessary to use other methods to intensify agricultural production, and the ban on the commercial use of genetically modified organisms in food production is justified due to insufficient scientific data on their safety for human health and the environment
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