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MAIN PAGE > Journal "Psychologist" > Rubric "Clinical psychology"
Clinical psychology
Poddubnaya T.V. - Particularities of the Body Image Boundaries And Interpersonal Relationships (The Case Study of Patients Suffering from Allergic Skin Diseases) pp. 1-15


Abstract: The article presents the results of a comparative study of the features of the boundaries of body image demonstrated by healthy individuals and individuals suffering from allergic skin diseases. The subject of the research is the particularities of the boundaries of body image and interpersonal relationships of patients suffering from allergic skin diseases compared to healthy persons. The object of the research is the peculiarities of the borders of body image. The objective is to investigate the pattern of interaction of various parameters defining characteristics of the borders of body image demonstrated by patients suffering from allergic skin diseases. Research methods included interview consisting of 5 sections (analysis of the parent-child interaction, tactile ontogenesis, and perception of interpersonal relations); drawing tests such as "draw a human figure" by C. Machover, "body shape" by D. Beskova, "Sack's Sentence Competion Test"; questionnaires such as diagnostics of interpersonal relationships by T. Leary (adapted by L. Sobchik and interpreted by Yu. Kortneva), the test of relationship profile by R. Borstein (adapted by O. Makushina). The statistical analysis allowed to identify the leading markers on the basis of which it is permissible to detect the presence of distortion in the boundaries of one's body image. The obtained results can be used in the development of a general psychological model of the boundaries of body image as well as clinical practice of psychologists and psychotherapists.
Obukhovskaya V.B., Meshcheryakova E.I. - Resourceful and Deficiency Features of the Internal Picture of the Disease Typical for Patients with Neurological Pathology in Terms of Psychological Well-Being pp. 1-13


Abstract: The subject of the research is the resourceful and deficiency features of the internal picture of the disease in terms of psychological well-being (attitude to the disease, manifestations of anxiety and depression, basic strategies of cognitive regulation, quality of life, basic beliefs, psychological well-being, resilience) typical for patients, in particular, patients, with Parkinson's disease ( G20), multiple sclerosis (G35), spinal osteochondrosis (M42), stroke consequences (I67), dizziness and instability (R42). The rationale of the research is determined by the increase in the frequency and severity of neurological pathology. Thus, the resourceful and deficient features of the internal picture of the disease in terms of psychological security can serve as targets of psychological interventions for specific groups of patients with neurological pathology. In their research the authors have used the following tests and methods: anamnestic survey, Attitude to Disease Inventory, Mini-Mental State Examination, Cognitive Ideas about the Disease Questionnaire, SF-36 Health Survey, World Assumptions Scale, Psychological Well-Being Scale, Viabiilty Test, and methods of mathematical statistics. It was determined that all groups of patients with neurological pathology have experienced the lack of physical abilities during physical exercise as well as the lack of independence during attempts to make independent decisions. Despite the active avoidance of thoughts about the disease and consequences, anosognosia helps patients to concentrate on the positive aspects of life which leads to adaptation to the situation of the disease. Indifference to fate and results of treatment has negative consequences in terms of successful predictions of interventions. For each group of patients, resourceful and deficiency characteristics are identified that are most significant for the selection of targets for psychological interventions.
Yusupov P.R., Mardasova T.A. - Penitentiary Stress Experienced by Individuals with a Different Number of Convictions Held in a Temporary Detention Center pp. 45-53


Abstract: The article presents the results of a study of penitentiary personality stress. Penitentiary stress is characterized by negative changes in the emotional state, self-perception, growth of depressive reactions and decrease in adaptive capacity. The relationship between prison isolation and the loss of the ability to meet the actual needs of the individual is examined. The detention and stay in places of detention is a serious stress for the individual, associated with various kinds of deprivations, especially social deprivation. Staying in penitentiary institutions can have a pronounced negative psychophysical impact on the individual, which may be related to the monotony of a prisoner's life, with violation of space-time standards of existence, imbalance of sleep-wake rhythms, and limited access to information. Penitentiary isolation provokes a lot of negative changes in the life of the person: they experience anxiety, fear, feelings of hopelessness, helplessness and constant tension. The purpose of the study is to identify peculiarities of penitentiary stress: significant differences in the emotional state and self-perception of persons with different numbers of convictions held in a temporary detention facility. The subject of the study is the differences in the emotional state and self-perception of persons with different numbers of convictions held in a temporary detention facility. The research methodology includes emotional motivation concept (by V. Viliunas), cognitive theory of psychological stress (by R. Lazarus) and concepts of penitentiary stress (by Ermasov, Chirkov, Debolsky, etc.). The novelty of the research is caused by the fact that the author offers an integral concept of penitentiary stress and choose techniques that allow to reveal the main indicators of psychological stress in isolation as well as combination of mathematical and statistical research criteria. The main findings of the study are the following. The author has revealed significant differences in the emotional state, self-perception of persons with different number of convictions held in a temporary detention center. The persons who first got into the temporary detention center are marked by "oppressed state of health", reduced "activity", mainly "negative mood", experience of helplessness and a high level of depression.
Frolova I.I., Kaigorodova N.Z., Kashirskii D.V. - Subjectiveness Features of Teenagers Abusing Psychoactive Substances pp. 59-67


Abstract: The present article presents the results of studying subjectiveness features of teenagers curing from alcohol or drug addiction at hospitals as well as teenagers who are under supervision of substance abuse professionals. The subject of the research is the subjectiveness features of teenagers abusing psychoactive substances. The aim of the research is to study subjectiveness of teenagers abusing psychoactive substances. Noteworthy that this problem is viewed in terms of cultural and historical interpretation for the first time in psychological literature. The research was carried out in a 24-hour hospital division for children and teenagers at Altai Regional Drug Abuse Hospital an schools of Barnaul. 172 teenagers participated in the research. The research methods included testing using the Subjectiveness Inventory offered by M. Isakova. The questionnaire allows to diagnose the following parameters and indicators of subjectiveness: responsibility, freedom, overall self-reflection ability, reflection over choice, self-control and total subjectiveness indicator. The authors conclude that the above mentioned teenagers' subjectiveness is characterised with its components development disparity and has a number of singularities compared to teenagers who do not abuse psychoactive substances. Teenagers abusing psychoactive substances are less active in situations when they have to choose between alternatives, more impulsive, make random choices more frequently and proceed to actions without giving it an additional thought. School students who are not under supervision of substance abuse professionals demonstrate a better balanced structure of subjectiveness, and feel freer and ready to deal with life difficulties and act according to their views and values unlike hospital patients. As a conclusion, the authors undertline that preventive measures will be more effective if they create conditions for developing school children's subjectiveness.
Mordas E.S., Mikhaleva N.V. - Psychoanalytical Analysis of the Mental Development of Autistic Chldren: Historical Aspect pp. 66-89


Abstract: The subject of the research is the menal development of autistic children from the historical and medical points of view. Even though there is a great variety of theoretical and experimental concepts regarding autistic children, psychoanalytical aspect of the problem still needs to be clarified. In this research the authors give an overview of psychoanalytical concepts on the nature and development of autism offered by M. Maler, F. Taslin, L. Eisenberg (these are the concepts that have never been introduced in the Russian language before). The authors also provide an insight into L. Kanner's, E. Bleuler's, B. Bend's, C. Goldstein's, L. Bender's, B. Bettelheim's, M. Meltzer's, M. Klein's, D. Rosenfeld's, D. Winnicott's ideas. The research methods used by the authors are systematization, analysis and generalisation. The scientific novelty of the research is caused by the fact that the authors provide an in-depth analysis of autism from the point of view of psychoanalysis. The conclusions are the following. 1. Autism as an inhereted genetic disease (L. Kanner and L. Eisenberg). 2. Autism as a life conditions when sensitivity and poor emotional contacts dominate; emegency response to the illusive trauma of the physical split experience (M. Maler and F. Taslin). 3. Autism as the terrible experience of the loss of an object; psychotic depression state (D. Winnicott). 4. Autistic disorders as a result of extreme situation when an individual was unable to influence the environment (B. Bettelheim). 5. Prerequisites for psychogenic autism may be acute affective disorders related to the child-parent relationship starting from the child's fetal life and caused by the mother's hostile reactions. 
Yakovlev V.A. - Impact of Substance Abuse on Teenagers' Social Intelligence pp. 83-94


Abstract: The author of the article studies the impact of substance abuse on the social intelligence measurements demonstrated by teenagers. The teenagers were divided into the two groups depending on their age. The first group consisted of the children aged 14 - 16, and the second group was made up of children aged 16 - 18. All of them suffered from substance and drug abuse (including alcohol beverages, smoking of anasha, drugs of the opium group and stimulating pills). All teenagers were male.  The first group consisted of 30 people aged 14 - 16 years old and the second group was made up of 30 people aged 16 - 18 years old. Respondents of the first group had been suffering from substance abuse from one to two years and respondents of the econd group took drugs for 2 - 3 years. Social intelligence was measured by using the Guilford's and O'Sulliven method adjusted by E. Mikhailova. The results of research demostrate the difference in social intelligence measures in the two groups. This allows to prove the impact of drugs and substance on social intelligence depending on the length of abuse and age of the abuser. The results of research can be used for developing individual psychotherapeutic and training programs. 
Pozdnyakova U.S. - Definition, Features and Forms of Deviant and Delinquent Behaviour of Children pp. 94-129


Abstract: The present research article is devoted to the definition, signs and forms of deviant and delinquent behavior of children as a form of abnormal behavior. The researcher analyzes different approaches to the definition of deviant and delinquent behavior of children and offers her own classification of these terms as well as definitions of these terms. The researcher also describes the main features of deviant and delinquent behavior of children and provides a classification of these features as well. The article contains the results of the analysis of the main forms of deviant and delinquent behavior of the underage. In her research the author uses different scientific research methods, in particular, opinion surveys, natural scientific method, forecasting method, statistical method, logical (aristotelian) method and empirical investigation method. The scientific importance and novelty of the research is the following: the researcher analyzes the definitions of deviant and delinquent behavior of the underage and offers her own definition of deviant behavior of the underage and delinquent behavior of the underage. The researcher also studies the main features of deviant and delinquent behavior and offers their classification as well as analyzes the main forms of deviant and delinquent behavior of children. 
Kharisova R.R., . - Types of Internal Picture of Diagnosis of Psychiatrists pp. 206-221
Abstract: The purpose of this research is to study the differences in subjective perception of illness by the two groups of doctors, psychiatrists and psychotherapists. As a hypothesis, the author suggests that there is an intraphychic phenomenon of a doctor's consciousness. The author introduces a new theoretical construct - 'internal picture of diagnosis'. This construct llows to describe a number of phenomena of psychiatrists' internal experience related to their interactions with patients. The author also suggests the following elements of the internal picture of diagnosis: intuitive, phenomenological, syndrome-nosological and emotional-conseptual pictures. The research involves new methods of studying intrapsychic structures of doctors' conciousness. The results of this research allow to define the types of internal picture of diagnosis depending on differences in professional activities of psychiatrists. 
Mordas E.S. - Psychological Nature of Female Homosexuality pp. 217-247
Abstract: The classical case of female homosexuality arises at the stage of sexual maturity because of the difficulties connected with an Oedipus complex. Two major factors influence the formation of female homosexuality: rejection of the heterosexual relations due to the castration complex and attractiveness of mother due to early fixation. Refusal of women from heterosexual communications represents the regression which is the actual reflection of  early relations with their mothers. Female homosexuality bears in itself archaism, ambivalence and intensity. Specific behavioural patterns, fears and conflicts of the early period of development become actual.
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