Статья 'Тревожность пациента на разных этапах генеза инфаркта миокарда ' - журнал 'Психолог' - NotaBene.ru
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Psychologist
Reference:

Patient’s anxiety at the different stages of genesis of myocardial infarction

Kadyrov Ruslan Vasitovich

PhD in Psychology

Head of the department of General Psychological Disciplines, Pacific State Medical University of the Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation

690002, Russia, Primorskii krai, g. Vladivostok, pr. Ostryakova, 2

rusl-kad@yandex.ru
Elzesser Anastasiya Sergeevna

Educator, the department of General Psychological Disciplines, Pacific State Medical University of the Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation

690002, Russia, Primorskii krai, g. Vladivostok, pr. Ostryakova, 2

der_falter@mail.ru
Другие публикации этого автора
 

 
Bartkovskaya Natal'ya Sergeevna

Clinical Psychologist, “Center of Clinical and Applied Psychology” LLC

690018, Russia, Primorskii krai, g. Vladivostok, ul. Nevskaya, 38

bns1996@mail.ru

DOI:

10.25136/2409-8701.2020.3.32992

Review date:

25-05-2020


Publish date:

18-06-2020


Abstract.

The subject of this research is the anxiety of patients at different stages of genesis of myocardial infarction (MI). It is a proven fact that the high level of anxiety leads to reoccurrence and unfavorable course of disease both, in combination with other factors or regardless of them. However, the influence of separate aspects of anxiety into reoccurrence of MI remains insufficiently studied, which actualizes determination of the components of anxiety at different staged of emergence of this disease. The article presents a comparative analysis and description of the level of manifestation of various components of anxiety among the following empirical groups: 33 persons without myocardial infarction in past medical history, but in the group of risk by its genesis; 29 patients undergoing 2 to 5 days of hospital treatment for recovering after MI; 27 patients that have already received post-hospital therapy after MI. The observational group included 30 technically healthy persons. The following conclusions are formulated: 1) Anxiety components, such as asthenic, phobic, emotional discomfort are vivid among the patients who have survived MI, as well as persons in the risk group. However, an additional longitude research is required for proving the influence of anxiety into the genesis of myocardial infarction.
2) The currently conducted rehabilitation of MI patients reduces the overall level of situational anxiety, practically avoiding such its components that in the future can prompt recurrence of MI.
3) High level of anxiety is characteristic to all IM patients. The recommended programs for prevention and rehabilitation should be focused on long-term reduction of the level of personal anxiety, such as cognitive-behavioral psychotherapy.

Keywords: cardiovascular diseases, post-infarction rehabilitation, emotional discomfort, components of anxiety, personal anxiety, within-situation anxiety, recurrence of myocardial infarction, risk of myocardial infarction, myocardial infarction, CVD psychological factors
This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .

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