Статья 'Теоретические аспекты влияния явления «пост-правда» на когнитивную сферу личности' - журнал 'Психолог' - NotaBene.ru
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Psychologist
Reference:

Theoretical aspects of impact of the phenomenon of “post-truth” upon cognitive sphere of personality

Sultanova Irina Viktorovna

PhD in Psychology

Docent, the department of Psychology, Sevastopol State University

299012, Russia, g. Sevastopol', ul. Istomina, 12, kv. 19

IVSultanova@sevsu.ru
Orlova Tat'yana Evgen'evna

Postgraduate student, the department of Psychology, Sevastopol State University

299012, Russia, g. Sevastopol', ul. Istomina, 31, kv. 25

zhukovka-alex@yandex.ru

DOI:

10.25136/2409-8701.2020.3.32674

Review date:

20-04-2020


Publish date:

08-05-2020


Abstract.

The subject of this research is the impact of information environment upon people’s psyche. Currently, the volume of information accessible to human vastly exceeds the ability to digest it. The emerging information overload leads to nervous exhaustion, worsening of memory, lapse of attention concentration, and stress. Thus, there are created favorable conditions for negative influences of the policy of “post-truth” upon personality, mentality, perception of the world, and system of relationship. Using the instruments of rationality, the policy of “post-truth” turns them against rational thinking of a person. Affecting emotions and referring to personal beliefs, “post-truth” enhances stigmatization not even denying the facts. The research methodology combines the methods of fundamental psychological mechanisms and patterns of the origin and functioning of human psyche; methods general psychological research; methods of studying mental processes, mentality and personality; methods of cognitive psychology; technologies of examination of cognitive processes and communication in computer networks. The main conclusion consists in the statements that in the conditions of information overload and time deficit for analysis, a person makes hasty decisions based on his previous experience; while “post-truth” can be countered only through the development of the ability of critical thinking, giving assessment, learning to analyze and form own opinion regarding events ongoing in the world.

Keywords: cognitive psychology, cognitive sphere of personality, psychology of personality, mass person, media competence, critical thinking, psychological safety of personality, post-truth, informational impact, information overload
This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .

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