Статья 'Изначальная психотерапия: древние практики заботы о душе и современность' - журнал 'Психолог' - NotaBene.ru
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Psychologist
Reference:

Primordial psychotherapy: ancient practices of care of the soul in modern time

Maykov Vladimir Valerianovich

PhD in Philosophy

associate professor at Moscow Institute of Psychoanalysis and senior researcher at Institute of Philosophy of the Russian Academy of Sciences

109240, Russia, Moscow, str. Goncharnaya, 12, bld.1, of. 309

vmaykov@gmail.com
Другие публикации этого автора
 

 

DOI:

10.7256/2409-8701.2016.4.19579

Review date:

26-06-2016


Publish date:

01-09-2016


Abstract.

An object of research are humanitarian sources of psychotherapy. The question is raised what in human culture played a role of psychotherapy before emergence of psychotherapy in the XIX-th century? Genesis of the modern psychotherapy which sources can be tracked in ancient practicians of «the care of the soul» is considered. The task to find such practices, the most steadiest and developed, and to understand as well as why they work is formulated. The analysis of work of world famous psychotherapists and their statements about essence of psychotherapy was a preliminary basis of research. The method and methodology of research are based on M. Foucault's genealogical approach, ideas of psychotopology by M. K. Mamardashvili, and author's development of "a computer metaphor" and cartography of the «hero’s journey». The main contribution of the author to the subject of research is the preliminary typology of historical subjects to which basic practices of «the cares of the soul» are correlated. The received results are yielded by new opportunities of understanding of sources and essence of modern psychotherapy from the point of view of the modern humanities, first of all, psychology, anthropology and philosophy. The concept of «primordial psychotherapy» and 12 ancient practices of the care of the soul is introduced and described, and it is shown how these practices are present in the modern popular directions of spiritually-oriented psychology and psychotherapy.

Keywords: hermeneutics of the subject, process work, integral approach, holotropic therapy, spiritually-oriented psychology, care of the soul, psychotherapy, computer metaphor, hero's journey, psychotopology
This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .

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