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Psychologist
Reference:

Potentials of Art Therapy in Psychological Assistance of a Preschooler
Martyanova Galina Yurievna

PhD in Psychology

Associate Professor of the Educational Psychology Department at Moscow City Teachers' Training University

129226, Russia, g. Moscow, ul. 2-I sel'skokhozyaistvennyi proezd, 4

martyanova94@yandex.ru
Другие публикации этого автора
 

 
Il'ina Aleksandra Andreevna

Master of Science of the Department of Educational Psychology at Moscow City Institute of Teaching and Educational Psychology (Moscow City Teacher's Training University)

129226, Russia, Moscow, str. the 2d Selskokhozyaistvenny proezd 4

A_A_ilina@mail.ru

Abstract.

Art therapy is one of the most famous methods of psychological assistance of children. However, in practical work art therapy is often applied without considering age specific reactions of child's mind. The authors of the present article demonstrate what healing mechanisms of art therapy make it efficient for senior preschoolers. Efficiency of art therapy is assessed compared to the efficiency of play therapy as the priority method for children from three to seven years old due to the fact that play is the leading activity of that age. Comparison of these two psychological approaches is conducted based on the analysis of their process and results. The results of the research prove art therapy to be a useful method of psychological assistance of a preschooler due to the fact that preschoolers have a low level of reflection and verbal activity. The author also discover that the symbolic meaning of art is asociated with the process of developing the sign-symbolic function of child's mind, first of all, through establishing the mechanism of modeling. The authors also prove that as a practical activity, art therapy satisfies all the main principles of psychological assistance of children. The main hypothesis about art therapy being an efficient method of psychological assistance of preschoolers is proved by the resuts of empirical researches. 

Keywords: psychological correction, psychological assistance, art therapy, play therapy, preschool childhood, art, catharsis, release of emotions, art therapy guidance, art product, symbolic function

DOI:

10.7256/2409-8701.2015.1.13601

Article was received:

19-11-2014


Review date:

20-11-2014


Publish date:

04-01-2015


This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .

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