SENTENTIA. European Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences - rubric Cultural and ethnic studies
SENTENTIA. European Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences
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MAIN PAGE > Journal "SENTENTIA. European Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences" > Rubric "Cultural and ethnic studies"
Cultural and ethnic studies
Zhigaltsova T. - Charting of emotions of the senior population of a small rural locality in the Euro-Arctic Zone of Russia pp. 28-42


Abstract:   Recent urban studies give particular attention to the concept of place attachment. A modern settlement, first and foremost, represents a space that is emotionally comfortable for the local residents. The goal of this research consists in the analysis of emotional attachment and/or rejection to specific places in a small rural locality of Komsomolsky of Velsky District of the Arkhangelsk Region, situated in the Euro-Arctic Zone of Russia, and formed in the middle of the XX century as a place deprived of a long and rich history and traditions. The research results are based on the survey conducted among 40 residents of the locality aged 50 years and older. It demonstrated that the residents experienced various emotions of joy, interest, comfort, sorrow, pride, anxiety, shame, and disgust towards public places in the locality. At the same time, a single place (for example, a hospital, an abandoned school, gym, etc.) may incorporate both positive and negative emotions. The detected emotions were placed on a physical map and revealed the diversity of emotional perceptions of residents, with concentration of emotions in the center and suburbs of the locality. The interactive map is presented on the Internet resource The map exceeded the geographical boundaries of the locality and included several kilometers of the neighboring area. The research has vast implications for the improvement of emotional well-being of the residents of small rural settlements. Some recommendations on the reconstruction of center of the locality and engagement of population into social and cultural events are given.  
Okhlopkova D.K. - On the development of scientific and educational speleological tourism in the Sakha Republic (Yakutia) (Russian Federation) pp. 42-48


Abstract: The article describes a new kind of educational and extreme tourism – speleotourism. The author examines the question of organization and development of speleological tourism in Yakutia from scientific-educational perspective of studying the geographical peculiarities of the region – rupestral and runic-like inscriptions, as well as offers the methods and mechanisms for the development of this type of tourism, which is a promising direction of inbound and outbound tourism in Yakutia and attracts a large number of tourists-researchers. The article employs the methods of recreational zoning, SWOT-analysis, field observations, comparative-geographical method, analysis of the documents and fund materials of the institutions and organizations, as well as literary sources. The scientific novelty of this work lies in providing the analysis of development of speleological tourism in the Sakha Republic, determination of geographical peculiarities of its development, and formulation of recommendations for the advancement of this type of tourism in the region. Tourist routs, composed with consideration of geographical objects, contribute to protection of the environment, cultivate the sense of harmony with nature in a person, awareness of its fragility and vulnerability, forms environmental responsibility and culture.    
Khripkova E. - Representation of the image of the Lord in the mosaic of abbot Theodulf at Germigny-des-Prés pp. 47-55


Abstract: The research subject is the representation of the image of the Lord in the iconographic program of the apse mosaic of the oratory of abbot Theodulf at Germigny-des-Prés. The research object is the iconographic program of the apse of the oratory at Germigny-des-Prés. The author of the program, abbot Theodulf, was the abbot of Fleury-sur-Loire, a poet, a theologian and the closest fellow of Charles the Great. His aniconic ideas played an important role in defining the way of representing the Divine Presence within the space of the church he had built. Based on the method of iconographic analysis, the author analyzes the Old Testament images of Theodulf’s mosaic and compares them with the Holy Writ. The article considers the modern ideas about the disputable iconographic program of the apse mosaic of the oratory and offers another variant of interpreting Theodulf’s program that supplements the existing interpretations. The author shows that the unseen by a human eye Glory of the Lord surrounded by cherubs is the key object of the program and a part of the composition, which symbolically means also the beginning of the Eucharistic canon.
Potekhina A.E., Kvashnina T.I. - Peculiarities of the folk songwriting of China on the example of melodies of the northern province of Hebei and the southern province of Guizhou pp. 51-58


Abstract: This article examines the melodies of the northern province of Hebei and the southern province of Guizhou as an example for considering the features of Chinese folk songwriting. This work can serve as a reference material for those who study culture, in particular the musical art of China, as well as the translation of Chinese folk art materials. The author focuses on the influence of cultural and social features of the development of society on the folk art of China, and notes that it is very diverse. The first song of Hebei is called "Little cabbage" and tells the sad story of a little girl who lost her mother. The second song "Sun is shining on Baiyan" first appeared in the southern province of Guizhou and depicts the development of the relationship between a man and a woman through symbols and images. This article is first to provides commented translations of the two Chinese folk songs in Russian and English. Based on the analysis of the melodies and lyrics of "Little cabbage" and "Sun is shining on Baiyan", the author draws the following conclusions: natural and socio-cultural realities strongly influence the tunes of songs; symbolism and the use of metaphors are a specific feature of the Chinese folk songwriting; folk songs, as well as musical art overall in China, are built on a pentatonic scale; Chinese folk songs are characterized by unison singing.
Asadullaev I.K. -


I.K. Asadullaev - Totem the Donkey. A hypothesis About Unification of Aryan Clans and Tribes is Confirmed? pp. 102-113


Abstract: The oldest totemdonkey appeared at the earliest stage of mankind and was used by the ancient Iranian peoples, who, perhaps, through the way of unions of other clans and tribes handed down to them the conception and name of their god-totemdonkey many thousands of years ago, before Avesta, which possesses a cult of the donkey. It was these clans and tribes who admitted the name of the forebears of Iranian peoples Aryas. Inconsiderable and various differences of the stable term khar (donkey) acquired a sacred meaning. There couldn\\t be a casual double coincidence in phonetics and semantics: aryas, Kharu Artovskiy, Khaara Berezaiti, kharsang, khargush, Kharris, charisma, Kharri Krishna, Kharon and Kharits, Kharishchandra, Khovar, Khuroson, Khorazm, Khurshed, Khvarna, Kharob, Akhura Mazda and Ankhra-Manyu and the others mean superhuman, sacred, immense, supernatural. This hypothesis is confirmed by the archeological excavations of the regal burial of a donkey in Margian civilization, conducted by Sarianidi V. I.
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