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MAIN PAGE > Journal "Sociodynamics" > Rubric "Freedom of thought, conscience, religion and opinion"
Freedom of thought, conscience, religion and opinion
Ivleva V.I. - Religious revival in Russia: nurturing of moral values or game without rules? pp. 34-38


Abstract: In this article, the author underlines that atheism atheism ceases to be perceived as a mandatory feature of social development, as well as examines the process of revival of the interest towards religion in post-atheistic Russian society. The reason of this phenomenon lies in the search for value orientations, self-identification, and answers to life-purpose questions; but mostly – in the necessity of regeneration of moral values, which were missing after the collapse of the Soviet Union and not replenished after the attempt of modernization and Europeanization of Russia. Special attention is given to the game in religiosity as the form of adjustment to variable social conditions. The article highlights the negative trends that turn the traditional religiosity into "pseudo-religiosity" or so-called game in religiosity, among which are the search for the "acceptable" religion possible due to religious pluralism; interest in new religious and quasi-religious movements that combine seemingly unlikable various religions canons; construction of the new space for religious belief; spread of religion into the Internet. The author concludes that the danger of this phenomenon lies in the fact that game in religion devaluates the faith, as well as rituals and traditions undergo modification due to the interests of the "one playing".
Sokolovskiy K. - Religious organizations in the structure of civil society pp. 71-78


Abstract: This article deals with the problems of establishment and evolution of civil society at the present stage. The author gives definitions to the religious organizations and civil society, indicates the role and place of confessions in its structure, as well as underlines the problems in building the effective system of state-confessional relations. The author leans on the message about the need for developing and strengthening the dialogue between the state and religious organizations, which are an integral part of civil society. The article touches upon the question of legal grounds of the state-confessional relations, as well as substantiates the necessity of bringing to the legal field of the various confessions, religious unions and formations. The place and role of the religious organizations as social institutions in the process of establishment of civil society are analyzed. In this context, the author considers its essence alongside peculiarities of interaction between the religious organizations of social institutions in modern conditions. The relevance of the topic at hand is justified by the current changes taking place in the community and social life in the post-Soviet space, establishment and development of civil society, as well as the need for determining the place of religious organizations in its structure.
Koroleva L., ., . - Religious denomination policy towards the Islam in the USSR in 1940s - 1960s: closing of the mosques (materials of the Middle Volga region). pp. 76-88


Abstract: The article includes analysis of implementation of one of the key directions of the Soviet policy on religious denominations towards the Islam: limiting the number of mosques, the cult buildings of the Muslims in 1940s - 1960s, taking as an example the Middle Volga region, where the Islam was traditionally widespread in the USSR.  The local state policy on religious denominations was implemented first of all via the Soviet plenipotentiaries on the issues of religious cults (religions), whose activities were aimed on one hand at the closing of the mosques, and on the other hand, on guaranteeing compliance with the Soviet legislation.  The believers actively resisted the closing of the cult buildings. Even after the closing the mosques kept their appearance. The theoretical and methodological basis for the study is formed with the principles of objectivity, historicism, systemic character, full account of the social and subjective elements in the object of study, and the neutral approach of researchers towards interpretation and evaluation of factual materials.  Where it was possible, the authors used the principles of sociological and psychological approach and the principle of correctness and tactfulness in evaluation of facts and events, since the specific feature of the Islamic practice has always been a strong moral and ethical element of its participants. In addition to the methodological principles, the authors applied special historical principles, such as actualization, comparative historical method, diachronic method, problem-oriented chronological method; general scientific methods - statistical, classification, structural systemic. The novelty of the study was due to the fact that for the first time the authors studies the activities of the Soviet administration, acting mostly via the Soviet plenipotentiary on the issues of religious cults (religions) on closing the mosques at the regional level - in the Middle Volga region within the above-mentioned period of time, and many specific archive materials are brought into the scientific turnover for the first time, since earlier they were not used for a variety of reasons.
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