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MAIN PAGE > Journal "Sociodynamics" > Rubric "Logic and cognition of political processes"
Logic and cognition of political processes
Demetradze M.R. - Advantages of the Social and Cultural Grounds of Interdisciplinarity of Social Studies and Humanities. Compliance of the Academic System to the Standards of Information Society pp. 22-40


Abstract: The advantage of the social and cultural approach to social sciences and humanities is proved by the fact that this approach creates the kind of connection between science and education when scientific theories turn into concrete academic disciplines. This is the main requirement of international educational standards and the key element for increasing the status of social studies and humanities up to the international standards. Within the framework of the proposed model, application of social, scientific and anthropological theories acquire a new scientific and practical significance, meaning and importance. In the contemporary history scientific knowledge becomes  the main factor of socioeconomic and sociopolitical development and performs the socializing role of the society. The author of the article gives an insight into Western social and scientific theories and tries to describe the principles of interdisciplinarity. The author notes that there is no common model of interdisciplinarity in existing theories of social studies and humanities and proves that creation of the social and cultural grounds of interdisciplinary of social studies and humanities would be beneficial. The purpose of the article is to describe the interdisciplinary aspects of social studies and humanities and show their practical importance for sociocultural processes, peculiarities of its implementation under the modern conditions, the need for institutionalization of socially important processes, increasing role of interdisciplinarity in the information society, and etc.  
Gizha A.V. - Own and ascribed essence of capitalism: how the degenerate form of social organization maintains its dominance pp. 45-55


Abstract: This article examines the philosophical issues of sociocultural of interpretation of the modern capitalistic formation. The author substantiated representation about the dual essential foundation of capitalism – own, actual and ascribed, alleged. The existing word capitalistic community is defined as a globalized oligarchy-financial world order with dominant crises processes. The latter have artificial origin and in general express the degenerate nature of the leading sociopolitical structures. The article reviews the problems of theoretical comprehension of the existing stage of alienation, and formulates the gnoseological tasks regarding its overcoming. The applied method can be determined as reconstructive hermeneutics in the context of dialectical principle of integrity of cognition and existence. The following conclusions were made: the educational policy of capitalism from the perspective of abstract humanism does not achieve its goal; the efficient methodological base of apprehending the modern socio-historical process remains the Marxist intentionality that creatively evolves in Neo-Marxism; the actual essence of capitalism associated with property relations and functionality of capital, is substituted by ideologues with the ascribed essence oriented towards the morally justified “society of knowledge”; in accordance with the latter statement, there is the own language (comprehension) of the phenomenon at hand and alleged language that is not aimed at representation of the objective meanings.
Safonov A.L., Orlov A.D. - Social markers of the political catastrophes pp. 81-111


Abstract: The work is dedicated to the problem of social mechanisms of the socio-political catastrophes and its foretelling signs. The political catastrophe is defined as an irreversible destruction of society and its basic social structures; first and foremost, a destruction of the authoritarian relations, which integrate the society both, socially and territorially. Major distinction between the political catastrophe and political crisis consists in the fact that in the case of political catastrophe takes place the destruction of the social bases of power, caused by exit of the political confrontation outside the boundaries of the elites, as well as the generalization of the intra-elite conflict. The determined regularities are demonstrated on the examples the history of France, the Russian Empire, and the Soviet Union.  The author defines the principal social markers of the looming political catastrophe, which usually takes place on the pinnacle of territorial, economic, and military power of the country. The latent crisis of growth is referred to as one of the social markers of the looming political catastrophe, which is expressed in the difficulty of vertical mobility, slowdown of economic growth, as well as the crisis in goal setting, justified by the emergence of the alternate ways of further development on the background of the exhaustion of acting growth paradigm and the corresponding national idea.   
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