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MAIN PAGE > Journal "Sociodynamics" > Rubric "Main human rights and liberties"
Main human rights and liberties
Kananykina E.S. - Sources of Educational Law in the Socialist System of China pp. 137-158

DOI:
10.7256/2306-0158.2013.6.456

Abstract: Modern China pays much attention to reformation of the system of academic management and regulation, in partiular, advancement of the basic education, constraining of the general education and intensification of the vocational and secondary techical education. Peculiarities of the economic and social development and hence a new level of competence of the working population (in 9 and 6 grades in town and in the country) create a completely new relation between the general education and vocational training. While European countries raise the question about combining these forms of education on the basis of overall senior school education, China will continue to have these educations as the two different directions for a long time. In the most regions of the country, vocational education exists at the level of secondary or even primary schools. In other words, secondary vocational schools become one of the ways to advance the overall secondary education. The government, society, school and family secure the right of children and teenagers to mandatory education disregarding their gender, nationality and religion. 
Chakalova M.S. - Problems of Legal Regulation of Creation of Commissions for the Affairs of Minors and Protection of Their Rights and Organization of Activity of Such Commissions pp. 209-238

DOI:
10.7256/2306-0158.2013.4.636

Abstract: For introduction of suggestions for improvement legal regulation of creation and activities of the commissions for affairs of minors and protection of their rights, the analysis of 60 laws of subjects of the Russian Federation which allowed to reveal some collisions in them is carried out: creation of the public commissions is provided; are formed in areas of city districts which aren't municipalities; establishment of powers of the commissions is made by municipal legal acts; the questions carried to competence of federal public authorities and B'day are considered. Powers of bodies and establishments of system of prevention of neglect and offenses of minors are offered to be established on ensuring the rights of the minors considered in the Convention on the rights of the child, the Federal law "About the main guarantees of the rights of the child in the Russian Federation". Creation of the commissions at federal, regional and local levels is investigated. Renaming of the governmental commission, inexpediency of their creation in settlements is proved. Elimination of the revealed problems in legal regulation, and also implementation of this state power, will lead to implementation of the federal legislation, observance of the rights of minors.
Ageev V. - Corruption Management as a Local Level: Restriction of Rights and Freedoms of Municipal Officials pp. 243-268

DOI:
10.7256/2306-0158.2013.2.426

Abstract: The author of the article states that local corruption management by means of restricting rights and freedoms of municipal officers is one of the anti-corruption mechanisms. It helps to realize the principle of openness and publicity at local self-government authorities. Restriction of rights of persons who undertake the public and municipal service allows to guarantee efficiency of professional activities performed by state authorities and prevents acts of misfeasance and ensures that an official enforces civil rights.  
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