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MAIN PAGE > Journal "Sociodynamics" > Rubric "Migration and adaptation"
Migration and adaptation
Sokolova A.N., . - The Russian Language in Socio-Cultural Adaptation of Kurdish Ethnic Group pp. 1-18


Abstract: Inthe article the role and Russian place in sociocultural adaptation of the Kurdish ethnogroup is analyzed. The increase in number illiterate in the region, bad knowledge of Russian of the majority of the Kurdish preschool children and people of advanced age is stated. The importance and Russian value in the conditions of formation of the civil nation and ethnocultural development reveals. Specifics of the language environment of the polietnichny region in which there was an ethnic community of Kurds come to light, need of understanding of common cultural value of Russian, identification and use of its constructive potential for successful sociocultural adaptation of Kurdish immigrants locates. Statistical, logical and sociometric methods and methods of the interdisciplinary research considering the Kurdish ethnogroup from positions of sociology and cultural anthropology, and also method of the included supervision, allowing to state the changes happening in development of ethnogroup are used. Scientific novelty is defined! ) Statement of the problem, allowing to reveal the main sociocultural values of ethnogroup in correlation with values of the people of the polietnichny republic; 2) authentic statistical and sociometric data on the ethnogroup, necessary for effective creation of social and cultural policy of the region; 3) the recommended system of the measures directed on decrease in existing and potential social threats in the Republic of Adygea.Conclusions: Positive influence on implementation of successful sociocultural adaptation of Kurds in the inoetnichny environment and development of cross-cultural interaction in the polycultural region could render improvement of knowledge of Russian by Kurdish immigrants. It is for this purpose important to conduct actively work on Russian distribution among Kurds through mass media, local governments, out-of-school and club actions; to involve the Kurdish school students in festival movement within the Republic of Adygea and Krasnodar Krai. It is represented that the equal coexistence and mutual understanding are possible only through the equal cross-cultural dialogue based on the Russian language.
Rostovtseva M.V. - The problem of intolerance in modern society pp. 13-17


Abstract: The subject of this research is the intolerance as a special form of interaction between people which manifests in various modification of non-acceptance of another. The author criticized the traditional definition of tolerance and suggests a new definition that implies the attitude towards “another” as an equal to yourself. Attention is focused on the fact that an intolerant attitude is primarily aggressive and conflict. The author determines several types of intolerant relations: insult, humiliation, expression of disregard; prejudice, ethnocentrism; harassment, intimidation, threats; racism, nationalism,, exploitation, fascism; xenophobia  in form of ethnophobia, migrant-phobia; segregation, repression, etc. The main causes of formation of the intolerant attitudes are being examined. The author gives a new definition of tolerance as a special form of relations “acceptance” among people, as well as detects the causes of the emergence of tolerance which are associated not only with the peculiarities of socialization and education of an individual, but also the inner psychological and physiological peculiarities of an individual. The role of the government in formation of the intolerant attitudes within the social environment is being demonstrated.
Golovashina O.V., Kunavin K.S. - Motherland as the desirable and the problem of integration (based on interview with the participants of the Program Resettlement of compatriots in Tambov Region) pp. 17-22


Abstract: The subject of this research is the migrants participating in the program of the voluntary resettlement of compatriots living abroad. The attention is focused on the peculiarities of integration process of the migrants, determination of the factors affecting this process, as well as the reasons for selecting one or another mode of integration or adaptation. The research is structured based on the interviews with the participants of such program, residing in Tambov Region for 4-5 years, materials from social networks (personal pages of the migrants), corresponding forums and online communities. The theoretical-methodological framework were established by the works of J. Lacan; particularly, the study of empirical material proceeded through the category of “desire”. The conducted analysis allowed determining the following results: motivation of the migrants can be divided into pragmatic and romantic; the representatives of the second group attempt to return “home”, however, their image of “home” and “Motherland” can contradict the actual realities in Russia. The desire to acquire the “recognition” of Motherland leads to the conscious cultivation of the “new” identity by the migrants and pursuance of assimilation. Actualization of the previous experience (memory) takes place regardless of whether or not the migrants consider their integration successful. For the first time, integration process of the migrants is analyzed through the prism of the ideas of J. Lacan. The materials can be used for the development of strategies and practices of work with participants of the program and other migrants. Study of the problems of identity, social memory, etc.
Dinh H., Baltueva S.V. - The peculiarities of migration process from Vietnam to Irkutsk Region pp. 35-44


Abstract: Migration has become a global issue, thus, the examination of various aspect of migrants’ life remains relevant in modern sociology. The object of this research is the migrants from Vietnam residing in the Irkutsk Region. The subject is the peculiarities of key aspects of life of the Vietnamese migrants. The article reveals the questions associated with the socio-demographic characteristics of the Vietnamese migrants, specificities of their professional activity, and living standards before their arrival to Irkutsk. The work considers the living conditions at the present time and the interaction problems between the migrants and local residents. In addition, the author explains the migration status and further intentions of the migrants, using the semi-structured and detailed interview among the participants of the study. In conclusion, the author provides a brief review of the key aspects of migrants’ life in general and their impact upon the adaptation of Vietnamese migrants in Irkutsk. The scientific novelty consists in the fact that this article is the first to fully examine the history of evolution of the Vietnamese diaspora, main aspects of adaptation and specificities of the migration process from Vietnam to Irkutsk Region. The research results can be valuable for studying the issues of adaptation of the Vietnamese migrants.
Shchuplenkov N.O., . - Perspectives of development of the migration law in Russia. pp. 36-75


Abstract: The article concerns the influence of the migration policy on the formation of the legal status of migrants in Russia. The lack of legal regulation of the relations regarding definition, structure and elements of the right to the freedom of movement, choice of place of stay  and residence has a negative influence on the compliance with other rights and freedoms provided for by the Constitution of the Russian Federation.  Its violation precludes implementation of right to free use of labor rights, right to dwelling, right to protection of health and medical aid, to education, subjective election rights. That is why there is need to perceive the system of personal rights and freedoms as a complex in order to establish the relations between satisfying the personal needs and protection of the public interest, solving the problem of limitations to the freedom of movement. The authors pointed out most substantial and obvious functions of migration law policy, which may be changed or amended in accordance with the stages of implementation of legal transformatio in this sphere of social relations from acceptance by the measures by the population to the conformity between the measures and the results.  In order to resolve these problems, the authors substantiate the need for the adoption of the Strategy for the Development of Migration Legislation, which would provide for specific details on stages of formation and functioning of the efficient migration policy in the Russian Federation. In particular, there is need to develop the federal programs aimed at finding the way out of the demographical crisis and support of movement of immigrants to Russia as residents  (taking into account the scientifically substantiated strategy of their placement in the regions, social and cultural adaptation of the local people and migrants, and formation of tolerance.
Shchuplenkov O.V., . - The Problems of Legal Integration of Russian Emigrants in the 1920 - 1930s pp. 41-69


Abstract: The authors of the article view different approaches to understanding the process of integration and carry out a comparative analysis of the conditions that were created for integration of different types of Russian migrants in Yugoslavia, Lithuania and Germany as well as peculiarities of their adaptation to another culture and society. Actual and legal problems faced by Russian refugees in Europe were mostly caused by the fact that Russians were treated as a special category of foreigners in recipient countries. Usual principles of reciprocity or the principle of legal equality of aliens did not apply to them. Many ethnic Russians were not citizens of the Russian Empire any more but at the same time they never became citizens of the USSR either. This created a rather wide layer of stateless people who needed to be protected by the international law. By studying documentary sources, the researchers make a conclusion that active proceses of mass emigration of population and displacement of refugees were caused by the global transformations in the world history such as war consequences, territorial rearrangements, political convulsions and boundary adjustments. Moreover, they were conditioned by social and political factors as well as violent acts performed by the authorities that forced significant mass of population to immigrate. On the other hand, emigration caused serious shifts in the development of political, ethno-cultural, confessional and other spheres of social life of countries.  The legal base of emigration had a direct impact on all aspects of the adaptation process such as job placement, education, living conditions, marriage and divorce social security and others. The results of research are quite important for the modern times , too. Russians who live abroad now often face the same problems as the Russian immigrants back in the 1920s.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              
Morozov E., Urazaeva N. - Migrants and German society at the present stage: vector of change pp. 45-55


Abstract: This article is dedicated to the relation of German society to migrants that over the recent years have become its intrinsic part. Relevance is defined by the global character of migration processes and their impact upon all areas of social, economic, political, and cultural life of the country, escalation of strain in relationship between the native population and migrants. The object of this research is the attitude of Germans towards migrants, who for some reason or other had moved to Germany for permanent residence. The author in chronological order examine the migration processes in Germany, as well as analyze the reasons that led to changing the vector of moods from loyalty to aggression. Special attention is given to the analysis of statistical data and linguistic interpretation of the German newspaper articles dedicated to the problems of migration in Germany. The scientific novelty consists in application of the comprehensive and multifaceted approach towards examining the materials on the migration processes in Germany. The authors come to the conclusion on the ambiguous attitude of the modern German society towards the migrants, detecting the shift in public moods in changes of social background, level of education, behaviors, goals and motives of last wave refugees.  
Zavialov A. - Migrant-phobia and humanism in migration policy pp. 52-66


Abstract: This article examines the influence of migration policy upon the social adaptation of migrants from the perspective of contradiction between the two paradigms: migrant-phobia and humanism. The implementation of humanistic practices of regulation of social adaptation of the migrants is complicated by the extremely difficult and controversial perception of migrants by the accepting society (high level of migrant-phobia), as well as poor formulation of the instruments of social adaptation of the migrants. This, in turn, produces the difficulties in the adaptation process of the migrants to the norms of the accepting society due to the fact that originates the social exclusion. Russia’s interest in migrants is rather high, thus first and foremost, it is necessary to use the human potential and social capital of the migrants in favor of the accepting society, and not just the workforce. The countrywide implementation of the humanistic practices of social adaptation of the migrants, as well as the foreign experience applied considering the national peculiarities, would allow accelerating the processes of social adaptation of migrants alongside the processes of accepting the migrants by society. It would also help to alleviate the “social corners”, lower the degree of tension, and increase the level of social inclusion of the migrants.
Kistova A.V., Sevruzhenko N.S. - Koreans in modern Russia: the role of ethnic minorities pp. 62-72


Abstract: The subject of this research is the Korean ethnocultural group and its social status in the modern Russian Federation. Korean ethnocultural group has all existing signs characteristic to a minority group, the examination of which is relevant in the context of establishment of the large pluralistic society. The historical and actual position of the Korean ethnocultural group in Russia can serve as an example for rather positive social, political, and cultural practices of coexistence of the various ethnic, cultural, and religious groups within the same space. Analyzing the aforementioned information, a conclusion can be made that Koreans play an important role in the establishment of interethnic relations among people ot our multinational state. It is worth noting that being assimilated with the Russian population, Koreans became “Russians”, considering Russian language their native. At the same time, Koreans preserved some of their national traditions, remaining the unique, unlike others, ethnic minority.
Zamaraeva Y.S. - Peculiarities of Ethnic Migration in Socio-Cultural Perception (the Aanalysis of Results of the Experiment Carried Out According to the Method 'Serial Thematic Associations' pp. 63-82


Abstract: The subject under research is the social, sociocultural, social and psychological features of perception of ethnic migration at a host which is represented by social group of youth and students. Now processes of ethnic migration are followed by the crisis phenomena in social psychology, including xenophobia and a migrant-phobia. Specifics of the social and psychological environment accepting have to be studied and understood as the factor promoting or interfering positive welfare communications of migrants and the population of regions of the Russian Federation. Approbation of a method of associative experiment was at the same time carried out, its opportunities for studying process of ethnic migration are investigated. The main method of research - interpretation of results of empirical research on Nazarov and Sokolov's technique "Serial thematic associations". The method of the state-of-the-art review of information and expert sources, critical analysis of actual scientific researches was applied to increase of reliability of results of interpretation. Scientific novelty of research consists that the main characteristics of an image of the ethnic migrant in the youth and student's environment of the city of Krasnoyarsk are for the first time revealed. Migration is a peculiar impulse for activization of processes of cultural and ethnic identichnost at representatives of a host. Thereby migration influences not only an economic and social situation in regions of the Russian Federation, but also on the cultural and world outlook. The conducted empirical research allowed to open the maintenance of the generalized image of the modern migrant at recipients of special type - students which social structure, as a rule, reflects social structure of future Russian society
Tolstokorova A.V. - Social Problems of Labor Migration in the Ukraine: Age and Gender Dimensions pp. 64-87
Abstract: The article is devoted to the analysis of labor migration of the Ukranian youth during the transitional period and description of possible causes of this phenomenon. Based on the analysis, the author concludes that the Ukranian labor migration is the result of socio-economic inequality and insecurity as mechanisms of social exclusion and it is the 'pushing out' factor that forces the Ukranian youth to look for a job abroad. For this purpose, the author analyzes such problems as the level of poverty in the Ukraine during the transitional period, inequal opportunities of young people to get access to the labor market, educatinal element of social inequality, socio-economic inequality as the migration drivers and etc. To define the level of social exclusion of the Ukranian youth, the author of the article used the diagrams featuring the main human rights. The author states that the labor migration should not be viewed as an efficient method of solving the problem of poverty and unemployment because it does not cure the contributing countries from their social and economic diseases that force the national to leave their motherland with the economic migraton flow. 
Mamitova N.V. - Migration Policy of the Russian Federation: Theoretical and Practical Issues pp. 73-104


Abstract: The article is devoted to the dynamics of development of migration policy in the Russian Federation in general and migration legislation in particular. This creates the need for analysis of the modern condition, development trends, efficiency and law-enforcement practice of migration policy in order to define the problems interfering with the efficient implementation of the migration policy. Improvement of the legal regulation and law-enforcement practice in the sphere of migration relations of the Russian Federation shall allow to make migration processes more transparent and raise the efficiency of their regulation for the national interests of Russia including observance rights and legal interests of the Russian Federation citizens and countrymen migrating to Russia from abroad. Migration is one of the most important problems of the human population. Moreover, migration does not mean only a technical movement of people from one place to another. It is a complicated social process that covers many sides of social life. Migration plays a very significant role in the history of the humankind. It influences the processes of occupation of new territories, property development, development of production forces, education and mixing up of different races, languages and nations. 
Reznikova K.V. - The image of migrants in view of the modern students (based on the analysis of Krasnoyarsk Krai and Siberian Federal University) pp. 77-88


Abstract: The subject of this research is the processes of work migration and ethnic mobility, as well as their reflection in the collective conscience and the collective unconscious of Krasnoyarsk Krai population. Students of the Siberian Federal University, majoring in technical and humanitarian fields were selected as the representing carriers of the images of collective conscience and collective unconscious. Due to the special significance of the migration processes and ethnic mobility for the territories and regions of Central Siberia, the relevance of this research becomes justified. The main method of the inquiry is the associative experiment with the word “migrant”. Based on the analysis of the associations and their interpretation, the author makes a conclusion about a predominant content of this concept among the students of the Siberian Federal University. Based on the conducted research, the author also makes the following conclusion on the content of the concept of “migration”: in the perception of contemporary students, migration mainly represents a compelled relocation of multiple people for the purpose of finding work, escape war or natural cataclysms, usually accompanied by poverty, and hope of receiving aid.  
Libakova N.M. - Acculturative stress and techniques for overcoming it pp. 89-97


Abstract: The subject of this research is the notion of “acculturative stress”, its theoretical and applied aspects, as well as its evristical value for the modern social and ethnic researches. The author examines the history of establishment of the term “acculturative stress”, scenarios of acculturative stress, and various models for overcoming it. John W. Berry’s concepts, as well as of his critics and supporters are being analyzed. Special attention is given to the concept of “cultural shock” and its invariants within the modern social sciences; various scenarios of overcoming the cultural shock are being reviewed. Theoretical conclusions are implemented towards the understanding of the current situation of the indigenous minority population of Krasnoyarsk Krai. The author conducted field researches in the northern territories of Krasnoyarsk Krai. He concludes that today, the processes of acculturation inherent to the Russian Federation as a whole, and Krasnoyarsk Krai as its part, have a global orientation and are included into the worldwide base processes.  Among ethnoses, who experience an acculturative stress, are both, the migrants and the indigenous minor population.  
Koptseva N.P., Soshina G.S., Shestopalova D.S. - Local study of the causes of work migration in Krasnoyarsk (October-November 2015) pp. 98-105


Abstract: The subject of this research is the work migration and ethnic mobility on the example of Krasnoyarsk Krai. This work is focused on one of the two major industrial cities, as well as main zones of localization of work migrants of the region – Krasnoyarsk. Work migrants from various countries, such as Uzbekistan, Tajikistan, Kyrgyzstan, Azerbaijan, were involved into the empirical research. Besides the countries of the post-Soviet space, the authors also analyzed the social situations of such countries as China, Germany, and Turkey. The main method used in the research is survey, i.e. quantitative method. The migrants have different opinions about the attitude of the local population towards them, but no open antipathy was mentioned. Usually the migrants do not come by themselves, it is much easier for a small group to get socialized in a different cultural environment, thus the acculturative stress is less intensive. The article presents the results of a global study of the causes and relevant circumstances of labor migration in the city of Krasnoyarsk. The study was conducted in October and November 2015. The main method of research - questionnaires. As a theoretical base of research concepts were "acculturation," "inculturation," "akkulturatsionny shock" developed the concept of well-known Canadian and American sociologist John Berry. Based on the theory of John. Berry and empirical research conclusions about the specifics of the migration processes in the city of Krasnoyarsk.
Volokh V.A. - Practices of Civic Institutions in the Sphere of Human Migration pp. 105-136


Abstract: The Concept of State Migration Policy of the Russian Federation 2025 aproved by the President of the Russian Federation Vladimir Putin on June 13, 2012 underlines that one of the principles of state migration policy should be the development of institutions of social parternship and civil society. By emphasizing the role of institutions of civil society, the author views their performance practice and notes a significant role of social, on-governmental and other nonstate organizations in the process of formation and implementation of migration policy. A new institution of civil society in the sphere of migration in Russia is the Community Council under the Federal Migration Service. The author of the article describes activities performed by the Community Council and summarizes the role and experience of the Council during the first five years. Taking into acount the importance of institutions of civil society in the implementation of the Concept of State Migration Policy of the Russian Federation 2025 as well as practical examples of experience of the Community Council under the Federal Migration Service, the author of the article offers to use their potentials in implementation of programs and projects within the spheres outlined by the Concept. 
Sertakova E.A., Avdonina E.Y. - Forced migration and its reflection in the cinematic art pp. 106-116


Abstract: The subject of this research is the cinematographic image of the forced migration in today's globalized world. We consider a number of works of cinematographic art dedicated to migrant workers, migration, conflicts and contradictions, as well as the diverse palette of migration of social communications. Modern cinema takes on a number of important social functions. Figures of cinematographic art simulated image of a migrant as a person who is miserable, helpless, suffers, and requires care and attention. The authors try to overcome prejudices movies racism, radical forms of nationalism. The main method of this research is the analysis of the works of cinematographic art, and the interpretation of the acquired results from the perspective of migration. Scientific novelty consists in the use of materials of the artistic cinematographic works in order to exemplify the scientific topic on the forced migration. The modern cinematography realizes its social meaning and holds an active position in the formation of a positive image of a migrant. One of the major problems of migration from the modern cinematography point of view, is the racial and ethnic intolerance.
Shapovalenko A.N. - Problems with and perspectives on school education for children of Kurdish immigrants in the Adygea Republic pp. 223-242


Abstract: Using an analysis of statistical material, this article considers of the state of school education of Kurds in the Krasnogvardeisky District, Adygea Republic. Lack of motivation in relation to education, a lack of knowledge of Russian language, early marriage of girls, and a large number of Kurdish children diagnosed with developmental problems are determined to be the principal problems which can cause regional social risks. The author highlights major trends in the education of Kurdish schoolchildren and provides specific measures to address the problems discussed. Due to the fact that the modern Kurdish family is not able to create conditions to properly prepare children for school, there needs to be some preferential advantage in pre-school education. Designing a system to integrate children of Kurdish migrants in the host society will reduce the potential risk factors in the region.
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