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MAIN PAGE > Journal "Sociodynamics" > Rubric "Local self-government"
Local self-government
Maykova E.Y., Simonova E. - Involvement of the Russian citizens into the social Practices of Local Self-Government: reality and potential pp. 34-60


Abstract: The subject of this article is the examination of the real and potential socio-political activity of the Russian citizens. The authors analyze the forms of participation of the citizens in the social practices of local self-governance, as well as reveal the factors that activate and limit the participation of the population in the territorial self-governing practices. A special attention is given to the determination of social groups among the Russian local communities with the highest level of real and potential civic activity. The object of the research is the residents of the cities, townships or rural villages of Tver Oblast. The authors also present the data from sociological monitoring that was conducted in Tver region during the period of 2009-2014, using the method of formalized interviewing. This work studies the level and new forms of participation of the Russian citizens in the existing practices of local self-governance, and defines the potential readiness of the population for civil participation. The authors’ special contribution into the research of this consists in identification of the four categories of respondents: inactive, potentially active, active, and initiative citizens. The last two groups are characterized by the higher potential for self-governance and represent a possible social base and the core of initiatives of the local self-governance.
Maykova E.Y., Simonova E. - Elections as an instrument for structuring the branches of local self-governance in modern Russia: real municipal practices and prospects of implementation pp. 76-92


Abstract: The subject of this research is the examination of possibilities of implementation of the electoral mechanism in the process of structuring of the municipal branches within the framework of various real and promising models of organization of the system of local self-governance, depending on the level of development of the self-governance potential of population and local territorial specificities. The object of this research is the residents of the cities, towns, and rural settlements of Tver Oblast, as well as the representatives of expert community of the region. The authors explored the attitude of respondents towards implementation of the electoral mechanism within the system of local self-governance. The article determine the level of electoral activity of population during the municipal elections, factors that affect the population, and character of citizens’ relation to municipal elections. Special attention is given to determination of the respondents’ attitude towards the models of electing the leaders of local self-governance, as well as promising models of organizing administration on the local level. The authors’ main contribution into the research of this topic consists in highlighting of the three key models of local self-governance, the application of which is possible various types of Russian territories: 1) paternalistic model; 2) model with implementation of the institution of prefects (but preserving the main elements of classical model of local self-governance); 3) classical model of local self-governance based on the activist political culture.
Gryaznova E.V., Veresova E.A., Mikheeva V.V. - The Role of Information Inequality in Informational Support of Municipal Management pp. 93-105


Abstract: The subject of the present research is the role of information inequality in the implementation of government programs on informational support of municipal management. In our country informational support of municipal administration is being conducted as part of the Strategy of the Information Society Development in the Russian Federation and administrative reform. However, today's information inequality between federal, regional and municipal centers does not allow to effectively implement the informational support of municipal management. In particular, the authors of the article focus on the problems of execution of the government program 'E-government' at the municipal level. The main reserch methods applied by the authors include the methods of analysis, generalization and analysis of statistical data. The research has been carried out according to the general-to-specific principle. In the course of their research the authors have come to the conclusion that information inequality of municipal units of different regional and federal centers put breaks on the informatization of municipal management. The causes of such information inequality are the low quality of life in municipal districts and the low level information culture of municipal units and population. 
Bezgin V.B., . - Peasant society and the village soviets in the 1920s pp. 119-160


Abstract: This article contains an analysis of the fate of peasant communities in the context of the agrarian policies of the Soviet government of the 1920s. It develops a correlation between the functions and powers of agrarian society and village councils, and provides objective causes for the transition of community functions to the state executive government. Institutionalization of community functions in Soviet government positions led to the omnipotence of the bureaucracy.
Gryaznova E.V., Veresova E.A., Mikheeva V.V. - Problems of Informatization of education management pp. 144-157


Abstract: Abstract: the Purpose of this article is to study the process of Informatization of education management and identify the existing problems and prospects of its development in conditions of modernization of the education system.In the study, the authors analyze the normative-legal base, regulating the Informatization of management education, studying scientific papers on the problems of Informatisation of education and identify existing problems and prospects of realization of Informatization of education management in modern Russia. The article presents examples of activities in the field of Informatization of education management Department of education of Moscow and other regions.As main methods of research are used analysis, comparison, generalization, the study of legal literature, the principles of consistency and specificity. The study of problems of Informatization of education management has shown that in the conditions of modernization of the education system not only alters its structure and functionality, but also system management, which places special demands to the process of Informatization. Informatization affects not only the technical side of things, but mostly concerns the human factor. It is about the role of information culture in the Informatization of education management.
Nikolaeva M.V. - Territorial self-government: features of the operation in Russia and foreign experience pp. 213-229


Abstract: The subject of research is the organization of local government in the Russian Federation today. The object of research is the Institute of territorial self-government. The author examines in detail aspects such as the legal status of territorial self-government, foreign experience of territorial self-government. The article also reviewed existing models of territorial self-government and the TOC registration scheme. Particular attention is paid to the modern practice of the functioning of territorial self-government in the different regions and cities of the Russian Federation.The study took the following methodological approaches: general scientific (systematic, materialistic) and methods of scientific knowledge (analysis, synthesis, system comparisons).The scientific novelty of the research is to examine the author of international experience and a wide range of examples of the practical functioning of territorial self-government organizations.The study led to the conclusion that the Russian Federation is currently experiencing an active development of territorial public self-government, and the activities of CBT provides a large-scale social impact.
Kodan S.V., . - Laws of the Kingdom of Poland between 1815 and 1917: formation, sources, and changes pp. 246-295


Abstract: This article deals with the origins of, the processes of the formation of, the development of, and changes to the laws of the Kingdom of Poland in the period of its existence as an autonomous ethnic territory of the Russian Empire between 1815 and 1917. The authors show how the division of the Polish state between Austria, Prussia and Russia in the second half of the 18th century brought about changes in the laws of the Polish land. The article considers the introduction of French law - the Napoleonic Code (Civil Code) - and the introduction of the Commercial Code to the Duchy of Warsaw, established in 1807 by Napoleon Bonaparte. Special attention is paid to the analysis of the laws of the Kingdom of Poland and the process of their integration into the legal system of the Russian Empire and the changes to the sources of law, such as the Constitutional Charter of 1815 being replaced by the Organic Act of 1832, changes in the civil law, the preparation and publication of the Penal Code in 1847.
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