Sociodynamics - rubric The Dialogue of cultures
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The Dialogue of cultures
Synieokyi O.V. - Sound Recording of Pop Music in the Mirror of Screen Culture pp. 1-16


Abstract: The article presents the results of the study of social and informational aspects of the music sector of screen culture during 1960-90-ies. Music television is examined as a complex cluster of spheres of social and cultural communication where the stable rules of the interdependence of the principles of the screen and the phonographic cultures (musical sound recording) are formed. Audiovisual promotion of music products are shown in terms of the communication paradigm of the media system of the USSR and the socialist countries of Eastern Europe. Based on the systems concept of multichannel communication in the music industry the chronological order of TV programs and videos about rock and disco music is being analyzed from the point of view of cultural studies. Historical cultural analysis allowed to consider the social environment in which a certain historical period created the phenomenon of mass recording (i.e. recording of pop music). To determine features of the genre of pop music and its constituents the researcher has applied the musicological method. A special place in the author's approach to the analysis of documentary material is given to the systematization of information by using the chronological methodology. In this article screen culture is interpreted as a mirror in which the «Beat», «Rock», «Pop» and «Disco» music were permanently reflected in the form of bright passages of progressive trends of music inavailable for Soviet citizens in full. Interpretation of events is shown taking into account the existing and (sometimes) interpenetrating levels of socio-cultural communication – TV pop music, philharmonic societies, vinyl records and tape recorders that altogether satisfied the musical aesthetic needs of the Soviet people. One of the important conclusions made by the author is that at the age of socialism music-media manipulation was a specific kind of mass communication of the «mosaic» nature.
Kicheeva K.A. - The phenomenon of cultural reception in the process of socio-cultural interactions between Japan and Russia pp. 1-22


Abstract: In this study, we will focus on the essence of the phenomenon of cultural reception in their current status and their role in shaping the current state of culture. The main problem is a little-studied process receptive receptive factors, as well as features of cultural reception. It will be reviewed by the existence of donor-recipient relationships and their role in cultural processes. To expand receptive essence of Japanese culture will be discussed briefly features of the formation and existence of the Japanese socio-cultural space, its interaction with other socio-cultural national space - particularly with Russia. And try to trace the path of the alleged reception. At the end of the study will produce an introduction to the methodology by which we will explore the significant phenomena characteristic of modern Japan
Bakhtin V.A. - Ethnocultural Aspects of Improving the Tourist Support of Medical Tourism pp. 1-10



Abstract: The subject of the study is the main and background institutional factors of medical tourism. It is proved that the background factors are, among other things, a complex of ethno-cultural components, the inclusion of which in the practice of the phenomenon can significantly increase the attractiveness of the host territory. Special attention is paid to such a factor as the ethno-cultural preparation of a medical tourist to stay in a different environment in terms of social interaction. The importance of the proposed approach in all types and forms of medical tourism is emphasized: health/medical, inbound, outbound, domestic (taking into account the polyethnicity of our country). The conducted sociological measurements (focus group discussions, mass survey) showed that such work with patients is not carried out. Health and wellness practices include the interaction of two social groups the patient and the medical staff. In the case of medical tourism, the second of the groups is differentiated into two subgroups medical personnel and specialists of the tourism industry. It is established that there is no unified scheme for ensuring the process at the level of collegial interaction of these two subgroups at all. The novelty of the research consists in actualizing this contradiction and substantiating the expediency of ethno-cultural preparation of a medical tourist to stay in a different environment in terms of social interaction in the context of multiculturalism. The author of the article comes to the conclusion that it is necessary to create an expert formation at the regional level, which could ensure the complexity of the interaction of both subgroups on the basis of public-private partnership and achieve a more capacious inclusion of the ethnocultural potential of the territory in the medical product. This poses the task of additional training of tourist specialists specifically for medical tourism - to work with patients in the direction of familiarizing them with the ethnocultural features of the receiving locus and with variants of models of interaction between a doctor and a patient.
Eremina N., Konfisakhor A.G., Solonnikov D.V. - Concept of geo-civilizations: theoretical and practical aspects pp. 12-29


Abstract: The subject of this article is the functionality and evolution of geo-civilizations from the theoretical and practical perspectives. Certain countries of one or another regional, in accordance with its level of cultural, material-technical, economic, and military development can be called civilization; and with the adjacent territories that share common values, cultural and identification codes, they create the geo-civilizations. Namely geo-civilizations represents the most significant object for studying the international relations which allows taking into account the dynamic of changes within the framework of large spaces. Therefore, special attention is given to the identification indexes, associated with the psychological and cultural peculiarities of communities that affect the formation of geo-civilizations. The article leans on the systemic and civilizational approaches for comprehensive examination of the international processes in the context of grouping of the states into unions, blocks, macro-regional organizations, and ultimately, geo-civilizational formations. The scientific novelty consists in combining the developments of psychophysiological theory of power, civilizational approaches, and concepts of the “English” school of international relations, which allowed determining the key geo-civilizations and their features, as well as explaining the opportunities for the dialogue or conflict that emerge due to the specific identification tasks of the communities living within its framework. However, between the civilizations and states that comprise the total geo-civilization, there are a lot more common points, rather than the reasons for confrontation.  
Tang W. - Analysis of the Russia-China relations at modern stage (in the eyes of Chinese) pp. 14-21


Abstract: The subject of this article is the Russia-China relations, the political and philosophical comprehension of which becomes increasingly relevant. The author meticulously reviews such aspect of the topic as the development of dialogue between the Chinese Confucian civilization and Russian Orthodox culture that in many ways encourages the support of the civilizational and cultural variety in the region and prevention of the “civilizational clash”, which manifests as an important factor for the prospects in development of the Russia-China relations. The author believes that the development of Russia-China relations is currently a priority political goal of PRC. The article suggests that the modern Russia-China relations represent the continuation of Russia and China transnational contacts of the previous decades. Summarizing the analysis, the author claims that at the brink of the XX-XXI centuries, certain changes took place in the relationship between the two countries – their positions equalized in overall power, but they both look forward to the close strategic cooperation and partnership.
Dashibalova I. - Watch the newsreel: the reflection of the Buryat audience upon the Soviet documentary film (based on the sociological research materials) pp. 17-29


Abstract:   The subject of this research is the reconstruction of the audience’s vision of the documentary film and the typology of cinema audience based on the ethnicity, level of education, and spectator’s competence. The author analyzes the social differentiation of the ethnic actors regarding the Soviet documentary cinematography based on the examination of the Buryat film audience. The author thoroughly studies such aspects of the topic as spectator’s experience in the context of watching the newsreel, rebroadcast of the Soviet identity, conservation of ideological orientations and visual reception in the documentary cinematography, reflection of cinema audience regarding the changes in the traditional pattern and its possible ethnic renaissance. The focus group research method in the Republic of Buryatia was implemented in this sociological study. The group interviews were performed in form of watching the materials filmed during the Soviet period in Buryatia. The selection consisted of the following parameters: ethnicity, gender, age, profession, place of residence, and education. The author also gathered the expert interviews with the producers of the documentaries. The main conclusion consists in determination of social differentiation of the ethnic actors with relation to the documentary cinematography as means of establishment of group identity. The receptive analysis of the Buryat film audience demonstrated that today the Soviet newsreel is the incitement of reflection about the ethnic culture, and at the same time, due to its powerful ideological charge preserves the nostalgic effect of the memories about the Soviet pas for the majority of the audience.  
Synieokyi O.V. - Professional Producer Culture: The Right of Show Business and Crisis Communications in the Music Industry pp. 18-48


Abstract: In the historical and cultural context of recording studies the legal problems of professional producer activity were inverstigated. From the perspective of intellectual property rights the problems of music producing were outlined. Particular attention is paid to the study of deontological receptions of record producer activity, which are used in the rock business. Through interaction senders and addressees of counterfeit products in the «pirate’s» sector of music industry digested information and legal problems of «Anti-Recording».
Anikin D.A., Konakov D.N. - Securitization of the Past in a Risk Society: a socio-philosophical analysis pp. 20-30



Abstract: The article examines the concept of securitization from the point of view of social philosophy, determines the need to abandon objectivism or extreme constructivism in the analysis of this concept. The prerequisites for the formation of the security value are analyzed, as well as the main forms of securitization common in modern risk society, in particular, military, political, social, economic and environmental securitization. Special emphasis is placed on the study of the social conditions for the implementation of the securitization strategy. The object of the study is the phenomenon of securitization as a socio-philosophical phenomenon, and the subject of the study is mnemonic securitization as a new form of addressing the problem of security in a modern risk society. The author introduces the concept of securitization as a social practice based on the willingness of the community to perceive a certain natural or social phenomenon as an objectively existing threat. Mnemonic securitization is considered as a fundamentally new type of securitization, which presupposes the desire to present symbolically significant images of the past as an object of influence from ideological opponents. A special contribution to the problems of research is determined by the identification of links between the processes of transformation of collective communities and the emergence of risks of collective identity, which is expressed in the formation of ideas about the need for ontological security and the delegation of powers to protect this form of security by political actors, primarily the state.
Makarova E.A. - Collecting as a form of demonstrative behavior pp. 24-34


Abstract: In the XXI century, under the effects of the globalization factors, mass consumerism culture and demonstrative consumption, there formed a new type of culturological way of thinking, which prompted new conceptual approaches towards the understanding of the collecting phenomenon. The basic function of collecting (preservation of the heritage of the past) is replaced by a demonstrative collecting, in which the value (both, material and spiritual) is substituted by the symbolic perception of demands of an individual, and the main motivating factor for the collector becomes consists in the desire of establish a certain level of prestige and effort to be a part of an elite social circle or demonstrate their individuality. These changes represent an objective and natural process, characteristic to the period of change in the paradigm of civilizational development, namely the transition from traditional industrial society towards a postindustrial one. This article gives detailed overview to the presented structural transformations of the forms of collecting, brought about by the development in cultural trends of consumer society.
Synieokyi O.V. - Sociodynamics of Central Asian Rock in the Paradigm of the Soviet Recording pp. 39-68


Abstract: The article deals with the organizational structure of Soviet industry record with a description of each item. From the standpoint of the development of socio-cultural communication in the music industry to analyze the history of rock in Central Asia. Set out an analysis of formation and development of rock music in Central Asia. The author carries out a detailed description of the Central Asian rock scene. A special place in the author's approach to the analysis of reference given to the systematization of information on the history of the record in the republics of Central Asia. Details covered lesser known pages of the history of Central Asian rock music and sound recordings.
Zelenkov M., Lamaarti Y.A., Yusupova I.N. - Fundamental elements of Identity as the factors of modern ethnosocial relations pp. 39-52


Abstract: The object of this research is ethnosocial relations as the constructive and destructive phenomenon of modern human civilization. The subject of this research is identity as one of the distinctive foundations of ethnos and its structure. Based on the results of analysis of the theory and practice of formation and manifestation of ethnic identity, the author aims to determine and classify such characteristic elements that have a fundamental impact upon the system of interethnic communication. Theoretical framework for this research is comprised of scientific works the Russian and foreign scholars dealing with the process of the formation of ethnos and ethnosocial relations, results of sociological research, and statistical data for Russia and foreign countries. The novelty consists in the original approach towards determining the fundamental elements of the structure of ethnic identity, their classification, examination of their systemic links with the nature of modern ethnosocial relations. The conclusion is drawn that the nature of modern ethnosocial relations lies in defending its identity by the ethnic community, which manifests in its fundamental elements. The acquired results indicate that identity plays an essential role in the formation of ethnos, is deeply intertwined with its other characteristics, and has a particular structure of fundamental elements classified by the author into three groups: nomenclature and its genesis, paraphernalia, and historical area. In the conditions of interethnic communication, ethnos takes comprehensive actions on securing its identity.
Popov E.A. - Civilization and Culture: the "Centralization" of Values pp. 41-51



Abstract: In this article, the emphasis is placed on identifying some points of conjugacy of culture and civilization, while the problem is that quite often such a relationship is discussed at the level of generalization of certain research positions, but it still needs a more objectified reception. On this basis, the question of the relationship between culture and civilization is considered through the mechanism of "centralization" of values. Thus, it is through this mechanism that it is possible to establish the most clear criteria for the conjugacy of culture and civilization, while showing how value structures are subject to transformation as a result of such a relationship, the main conclusions of the study are the following: 1) some methodological possibilities of identifying the conjugacy of culture and civilization are analyzed; emphasis is placed on civilizational and value-interiorization approaches; 2) some nuances of value structuring of the modern development of culture and civilization are identified; 3) the mechanism of "centralization" of values is considered as the most effective way of differentiating values in the space of culture and the space of civilizational development; 4) under The "centralization" of values is understood as the redistribution of values in the conditions of cultural and civilizational development of modernity (the very concept of "centralization" of values was introduced by the Dutch researcher Annamaria Hagen); 5) in order to characterize value transformations, the results of the World Values Survey are used.
Eremina N., Konfisakhor A.G., Solonnikov D.V. - Identity factor in development of geo-civilizations pp. 45-63


Abstract: The subject of this research is the identity factor in formation, development, and interaction of geo-civilizations. The concept of identity is revealed through the sociocultural, psychological, and ethnic constants. They serve as the foundation for the adequate response of geo-civilization in general and the core state of geo-civilization particularly with regards to various challenges, as well as the explanation of this response. Special attention is given to the following aspects: understanding of geo-civilization; representations on core states; characteristics of ethnicity, culture and religion; identification features of the primary geo-civilizations. The research is based on the established civilizational and geo-civilizational approaches that correlate with the determination of identification features of the large regional communities in evolution and interaction. The key research method lies in the comparative analysis of identification (psychological, sociocultural, ethnic, and mental) aspects of geo-civilizations. The following conclusions were made: the evolution of geo-civilizations depends on the core states, because namely their identification constants affect the course of this development; through the prism of the concept of identity between geo-civilizations, is detected a number of common characteristics, which allow structuring the diplomatic activeness, primarily between the core states of different geo-civilizations; identification features also demonstrate that many issues of intergovernmental cooperation cannot be fundamentally overcome due to the difficulties in interaction between the diverse geo-civilizational identities; overcoming of such problems necessitates the creation of the new identification links between the relatively similar geo-civilizations. The scientific novelty and author’s contribution are defined by the actualization of (geo-) civilizational approach to explanation of the global politics.
Emel'yanov A.S. - Current state of cross-border communication in the Southwest of Russia pp. 46-63


Abstract: This research is dedicated to examination of the main peculiarities of development of cross-border communication in the Southwest of Russia. Attention is focused on cross-border cooperation between Russia and Ukraine, which in recent times due to a number of political and cultural-civilizational factor has undergone significant transformations. The goal of this study consists in analysis and discussion of the key indicators of cross-border cooperation (migration, economy, communication) in the Southwest of Russia. The main vectors in relationship between the two countries include cross-border migration, cross-border economic cooperation, and cross-cultural communication. On each vector of development of cross-border communication, the author conduct comprehensive assessment of the dynamics of mutual movement of citizens, trade turnover, character of cross-cultural and information-educational communication, as well as analysis of cross-border policy of two countries regarding the determination of institutional barriers impeding its development. In the course of research, the author identifies the negative trends of cross-border communication of two countries, as well as proposes a number of strategies on transformation of the current state of affairs, namely the advancement of “soft power” technologies and mechanisms of “public diplomacy”. It is underlines that cross-border communication in the area of cultural and information cooperation between Russia and Ukraine should lean on the shared historical experience and cultural-civilizational commonness.
Slezin A.A., Balantsev A.V. - Counteraction of Komsomol Organizations to Religious Influence on the Oriental National Minority: Peculiarities of the First Half of 1920's pp. 48-100
Abstract: Having analyzed feature materials and documents of the Russian State Archive of Socio-Political History and State Archive of Socio-Political History of the Tambov Region as well as memoirs revealing the essence of anti-religious actions performed by Komsomol among 'Oriental national minorities' during the first half of 1920's, the authors conclude that there was a constructive element even in such actions. Even though new patterns of behaviour were implemented mostly by administrative measures, the main feature of anti-religious propaganda among 'Oriental national minorities' was quite a moderate attitude. At the same time, the author of the article describes the reasons why Komsomol fight against religious influence was less efficient in case of Islam than Christianity. It is shown that in most cases non-Orthodox population of Russia did not quite accept the atheism propaganda disguised as a cultural education. National minorities took Komsomol and Soviet government actions in the sphere of anti-religious propaganda as an attack on their spiritual values. 
Kocherova A.V. - System sacralization of basic ideals of the culture of Byzantium on the basis of the analysis of the treatise Michael Psellos "Word on the Annunciation (XI century) pp. 49-63


Abstract: The article is an analysis of the socio-philosophical text, this involves presentation of the history of the treatise, shows the specifics of authorship attribution Michael Psellos defined object and subject of the text, its purpose and main features, as well as formulated range of basic ideas. Any visual image of a particular period of history is the bearer of the ideas that have been developed, cultivated or in its infancy at that time.To study the basic ideals of the sacralization of Byzantine society and Byzantine culture scientist's ideas are relevant Byzantine monk and theologian Michael Psellos (1018 - about 1078 or later), which examined the teachings of Plato from the point of view of Orthodox theology.
Rubtcova M., Vasilieva E.A. - The differences in theoretical-methodological approaches and structure of the Russian and American dissertations dedicated to research of social practices pp. 51-58


Abstract: This article provides the results of comparative analysis of academic genres in the Russian and foreign practice on the example of Ph.D. and Doctoral dissertations. The object of this research is the structure of dissertation. In the course of this study, the authors put forwards the following hypotheses: differences in the structure of dissertation is defined by the differences in philosophy and methodology of science; the texts of sociological dissertations in the Russian language more often have references to the classical works, including from other fields of humanitarian knowledge. The authors conduct an analysis on sociology of the defended dissertations in the Russian Federation and the United States over the period from 2010 to 2016. The selection of dissertations was carried out of the electronic database of dissertations upheld in the United States (ProQuest Digital Dissertations and Theses) and presented on the website of the Higher Attestation Commission. The conducted analysis of the structure of dissertations demonstrated that they could be presented as two logical schemes: theory-practice-theory (Russian language academic genre) and practice-theory-practice (English language academic genre). The scheme of structuring argumentation also differs: the Russian authors first demonstrate the analysis of previously conducted research, starting from the classical philosophical writings, and only then enunciate their original philosophical concepts; while the Western sociologists use references to the works of other author only to confirm their theses.
Popov E.A. - Ethno-consolidating role of art in sustainable development of cross-border regions pp. 56-63


Abstract: This article explores the capacity of art in consolidation of the society on ethnic grounds. This affects the sustainability of regional development, results of the exchange of sociocultural experience between the generations of culture bearers and, and overcoming severe socioeconomic and sociopolitical problems in general. The subject of this research is the ethno-consolidating role of art. The theoretical-methodological framework of leans on the trend of ethnic art studies. The article is based not only on the theoretical consideration of the indicated vector, but also on the results of empirical research, such as expert survey of administrative employees of the cultural, art and educational institutions (cross-border regions of Russia: Altai Krai, Altai Republic, Kemerovo Region, Kazakhstan: Pavlodar and East Kazakhstan Regions, n=120); expert survey of the government officials and local self-governance that are responsible for implementation of regional and municipal programs aimed at preservation and development of ethno-national cultural assets in cross-border regions of the Russian Federation and Kazakhstan (n=65). The following conclusions were formulated: 1) ethnic consolidation of culture bearers in cross-border regions can be effectively realized through the phenomena of traditional and indigenous art; 2) the current processes of assimilation of cultural values and norms, ethnic tension, intercultural dialogue, and the phenomenon of multiculturalism as a whole can blunt the effect of art upon ethnic consolidation of the society, although not affecting the pace of intergenerational interaction, in which the important role is allocated to art; 3) art carries out a consolidating role in the society based on continuity of values and norms.
Makarova E.A. - Collecting as a liberal personal self-fulfillment pp. 62-73


Abstract: This article examines the phenomenon of collecting from the perspective of its social significance. Manifesting as a form of liberal activity, collecting historically resembled a captivating human activity based on the desire to release creative potential of an individual through collecting items. The author positions collecting as a social activity, the primary cause of which underlies the psychological type of personality. Analysis of these processes in the context of psychology allows explaining the essential aspects of collecting, when the collector is an actor of social creativity; as well as revealing negative moments that define collecting as one of the deviant forms of human behavior. The article compares various theoretical concepts on the topic of social practice of collecting. The author considers the key factors contributing to increase of the role of individual in the society. The novelty of this work consists in the conclusion on the fundamental traits of psychological type of a collector. These traits in a certain way form the inner potential of a collector, which he releases through collecting, as well as the forms of social activity that allow a collector to find self-fulfillment as a liberal creative personality.
Litvinova T.N. - Image of Mongolia through the lens of Russians (based on the results of online survey) pp. 91-100


Abstract: The subject of this research is the image of Mongolia in perception of the Russian citizens. The object is the country’s political image, which on one hand is the reflection of its actual characteristics, and on the other – projection of expectation by the perceived subject, whether it is the citizens of the country under consideration (domestic image) or neighboring nations. The author describes the main approaches towards examination of the country’s image, which came to social sciences from the economic (marketing) research. Special attention is given to the sociological approach that leans on the certain images and opinions about the country formed in people’s mind. The empirical framework is the online survey on the perception of Mongolia’s image by the population of the various Russian regions (n=462). The focus was made on the following aspects of the image of neighboring country: assessment of the Russia-Mongolia relations; associations with Mongolia; features of national character of the Mongolians; prominent figures of the neighboring nation; and the convergence factors between Russia and Mongolia. The scientific novelty consists in the empirical proof of the substantial prevalence of positive assessments of Mongolia and Mongolians by the Russian citizens; high knowledgeability of the Russians on the history, culture and prioritized vectors of development of Mongolia; realization by the Russians of the factors of mutual convergence between the countries and the need for cooperation. The results demonstrate the interest of Russian towards their eastern neighbor due to the history and culture of both nations.
Parkhomenko R.N. - 'Special Path' of Russia and Germany (Nikolay Berdyaev) pp. 93-123
Abstract: The author of the article studies Nikolay Berdyaev's ideas about political and cultural diversity of Russia and Germany, emphasis is being made at the comparison of the 'Russian idea' and German 'Sonderweg'. Berdyav expressed his interest in this topic in his early work 'Fate of Russia' which he wrote right after the Bolsheviks took over the government. Tragid events which had long-term consequences not only for our country but also for the whole world made Berdyev to think about the issues of Russian psychology, nationality and psychology of war and politics.  Berdyaev also made an attempt to define the 'soul of Russia' which, in fact, is quite a contradictory and antinomic phenomenon. This contradictory and antinomic nature of Russian mind was reflected in the ideology of Slavophiles and classical literature.  As a result, th author shows that comparing Russian mentality with European style of thinking in his works, Berdyaev stressed out the rationality of a Westerner and  spontaneity and chaos of the Russian soul. Based on Berdyaev, Russian style of thinking is 'weakened with the rationalism' and focuses on details, while Russian philosophers are interested in the nature of the problem in general. Russian person tires not only to describe and to set a problem, but also to solve it no matter how abstract or complicated it is. 
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