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Family and society
Tsurikov V.I. - The traditional sexual morality in Christian world pp. 1-16

DOI:
10.7256/2409-7144.2016.9.20001

Abstract:   The subject of this research is the traditional sexual morality in Christian world, and particularly in Orthodoxy, as well as the causes of formation of the most characteristic to it peculiarities. The author contests the opinions, according to which the main causes of the currently observed transformation of the marriage-family relations can be found in the tragic neglect of the traditional values and orientations that resulted in deformation of the ideas about love, responsibility, and relation between the genders. Special attention is given to the analysis of the influence of Christian asceticism upon the establishment of the traditional sociocultural norms that regulate sexual and reproductive behavior. The research carries an interdisciplinary character and is conducted primarily within the framework of the historical method, which allows determining the inner logic and prerequisites for changes in sexual morality, as well as the family and marriage institution.  The main conclusion consists in the following: the norms of Christian asceticism produced a tremendous and rather ambiguous effect upon the history of the Christian world. The negative side of such influence is expressed in the spread and imposing of the false and disingenuous attitude towards the sexual love and something “dirty” and sinful. In Russia alongside many Western European countries, the main reason for contraposition of the spiritual and carnal components of love between a man and a woman consisted in the early Christian asceticism, the initiator of which was Apostol Paul.  
Zapevalova E.A. - The population of Nizhny Novgorod region in conditions of the transforming social and cultural environment (second half of XIX – beginning of XX century). Marriages, divorces pp. 1-13

DOI:
10.7256/2409-7144.2017.5.22340

Abstract: Object of research is public life of the population of the Nizhny Novgorod province in the second half the XIX beginning of the 20th century in the conditions of the transformed sociocultural environment. The author has considered numerical, age, class structure of the population of the province during the specified period. The matrimonial legislation of the Russian Empire of the end of the 19th century is studied. Marital status of the population of the Nizhny Novgorod province, age of marriage, number of stains, the reasons of stains, difficulties which the spouses wishing to dissolve a marriage met is investigated. The ratio of legitimate and illegit-imate children in the Nizhny Novgorod province in the second half of the 19th centu-ry is revealed. A methodological basis of a research are as general scientific methods of knowledge (the analysis and synthesis), and special (comparative and aggregate, i.e. collecting the separate facts from sources of different types and types). Novelty of a research first of all consists in introduction to a scientific turnover of a new circle of sources of this perspective. The author has studied fundsCentral archive of the Nizhny Novgorod Region: fund of the Nizhny Novgorod state chamber, fund of Office of the prosecutor of the Nizhny Novgorod district court, fund of the Nizhny Novgorod diocese. In the conclusion the author comes to a conclusion that in the Nizhny Novgorod province in the second half of the 19th century practically in all age and social groups prevailed women. The traditional family was characteristic of the bulk of the population of the Nizhny Novgorod province. Number of stains and the number of convicts for crimes against the semeystvennykh in the Nizhny Novgorod province is right was insignificant. Article can be of interest to experts in historical demography.
Antropova I. - Language socialization of children as the reflection of changes in society: socio-linguistic approach pp. 25-33

DOI:
10.7256/2409-7144.2016.5.18486

Abstract: The author carefully examines the close interconnection of such categories as: level of speech development, level of social aggression, language socialization, and social dysontogenesis. The mutual influence of the following phenomena is being analyzed: educational potential of a family, development of verbal and cogitative skills, quality of education, and social aggression. Special attention is given to the search for answers to the essential questions such as: points of intersection of the linguistic and social processes; role of family, school, and society in the child’s language socialization. The author analyzes the state of verbal and cogitative abilities of children, the reasons of their underdevelopment (rapid reduction in quantity and quality of verbal communication with the child, lack of trust, decrease in independent territorial movement of children), as well as forecasts the social consequences for the society. In the author’s opinion, this leads to the reduction in quantity of social interaction and interaction with other children or adults under various social circumstances. The role of the education system in transformation of the processes of language socialization of children is also being determined.  The author also gives attention to the impact of the “new intermediary form of language” – language of the Internet, and later – to the development of social consequences of primitivization  of the language, namely: increase of the behavioral and verbal aggression in the society, revival of radicalism, extremism, nationalism, etc.
Gurnak A.V. - Reasons of the rift in U. S. feminist movement at the end of the XX century pp. 34-44

DOI:
10.7256/2409-7144.2016.8.19812

Abstract: We live in a remarkable time. The time of intertwinement of the absolute liberalization of same-sex marriages and maximized antisexist policy on Europe and the United States on one hand, and epic popularity of the book “Fifty Shades of Grey” by Erica James along with the mass departure of young ladies to the Near East – on the other. All of these social processes, as well as weakening of the institution of family and marriage, decrease in birthrate, and elevated heterophobia represent the embodiment of the stage of feminism crisis. This, in turn, is a result of confrontation of the two ideologically different trends within the single feminist movement. In this work, as an objective field, the author analyzes the U. S. feminist movement of the 1970’s – 1990’s. The subject is the very rift in feminist movement of the late XX century and its causes. This research is based on the book of the American sociologist Thomas Phillips, which was published being edited by the renowned Russian demographer A. I. Antonov – “Feminism and the Family: historical-sociological analysis”. Phillips determines the “anti-family essence” of gender feminism as the key reason of the rift in feminist movement; and it becomes pivotal in condemnation of the entire feminist movement and anti-left rhetoric as a whole.
Tsurikov V.I. - About the traditional family and reasons of matrimonial relations transformation pp. 47-67

DOI:
10.7256/2409-7144.2017.3.20717

Abstract: The subject of this research is the reasons of transformation of matrimonial relations in the Christian world. The article contests the views and concepts, according to which the main causes of such transformation can be found either in tragic indifference to the traditional values and ideologies that lead to deformation of the perception of love, duty, and intergender relationships; or autonomy of the demographic processes manifesting as a key factor that defines changes in the economic and social spheres. Special attention is given to determination and analysis of the factors that had a stabilizing impact upon the traditional family in pre-industrial period, as well as such that caused certain inner tension. The research carries interdisciplinary characters with application of the economic approach. It is demonstrated that as a result of economic growth and realization of women’s ability to earn a living reached through industrialization, the level of her financial dependence from a man has significantly lowered. The further economic growth alongside women’s acquirement of economic independence resulted in revolutionary liberalization of gender morality and drastic changes in priorities within the system of family values and attitude towards marriage. The analysis of trends allows suggesting  that the established as a result of industrialization and urbanization nuclear quasi-planned family represents a certain transitional type from the traditional (patriarchal) family towards the new type of family with the inherent diversity of forms and models of relationship.
Khusyainov T.M., Yanak A.L. - The problem of incomplete and overtime employment in the context of the balance of family and work (for example, single-parent father's family in Russia) pp. 75-91

DOI:
10.7256/2409-7144.2016.1.17455

Abstract: Steady spread of alternative family practices, among which are single-parent families as one of the dominant type of family relations, make scientific and public interest in their realities and problems. One of the key difficulties in their functioning is the correct distribution of single parent of their time and effort to work and family. In the case of single-father's family, this problem has a number of specific features associated with the notion of masculine identity, in particular in relation to occupational aspirations and attitudes, as well as the refusal of outside help in solving financial problems. The article describes the characteristics of atypical forms of employment (for example, underemployment and over employment), in the context of the implementation of their balance parental roles and household responsibilities in single-parent families. Within the framework of this research the authors determined the negative consequences of the spread of certain forms of atypical employment (part-time and overtime) for single-parent families (on the example of single-farther parenting). Later the authors will examine the effect of destandartization of employment and various forms of atypical employment upon the carrying out of different type of marriage relationship and parental practices, as well as define the problems emerging in their combination.
Guseva M. - Axiological grounds of reproductive behavior of families who have a child with oncological disease in the conditions of medicalization and social control pp. 98-107

DOI:
10.25136/2409-7144.2017.5.23028

Abstract:  Usurpation by medicine and desacralization of the traditional family functions is defined by modern sociology as “medicalization”. Birthing, sex, and death – the intimate and emotionally important natural life phenomena – became “alienated” from their meanings, transforming into the simulacrums of modern life, which turned out to be one of the factors of crisis of the family institution. In this work, the peculiarities of the reproductive behavior of families who have a child that suffers from disease with high mortality threat, are being interpreted in conjunction with families’ discovery of new life values and meanings, when death is no longer an abstract concept, but is seen as a realistic boundary of a particular life. The goal of this work is to determine the axiological bases and specificity of the reproductive behavior of families with a child diagnosed with an oncological disease in the state of remission on the modern stage of development of child oncology. This article discusses the hypothesis, according to which under the influence of existential experiences actualized by the personified experiences of suffering and death, the family becomes closer, the emotional connection between the parents and the sick child becomes stronger, which gives the parents realization of the magnitude of the value of children and family relations and defines the peculiarities of reproductive behavior in these families.  
Bukhtiyarova I.N., Grudina T.N. - Image of a family with multiple children from the perspective of public opinion pp. 108-119

DOI:
10.25136/2409-7144.2017.5.23041

Abstract: The subject of this research is the image of family with multiple children in the modern Russian society. Special attention is given to the means of formation of an image of family with multiple children. The authors provide analysis of public opinion on such phenomenon that was acquired in the course of sociological study of reproductive behavior of the population. The article examines the reasoning and comments made about the families with multiple children, as well as the support provided to such families at the stage, regional, and social levels. The scientific novelty consists in contribution of the authors into the analysis and generalization of the modern international and Russian research pertaining to the questions of family-demographic policy that reveal the regional and national problems of the large families, influence of public opinion upon the functionality of such type of family in Russia, and analysis of expert opinion on this matter. In the process of analysis, there has formed a perception on the status of family with multiple children in the existing reality, as well as relation of government authorities, social and religious organizations, and population as a whole to them.
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