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MAIN PAGE > Journal "Sociodynamics" > Rubric "Demography and statistics"
Demography and statistics
Karpov G. - Demographic situation in modern Great Britain: explosion or crisis? pp. 1-20

DOI:
10.25136/2409-7144.2017.9.24031

Abstract: The subject of this study is the demographic situation in modern Great Britain that at the present stage experiences a rapid increase in population. The article analyses the key demographic indexes and main channels of migrants’ flow into the country at the brink of XX – XXI centuries. Particular attention is given to the age pattern, composition of the families, birth and death rate. The author also examines the negative trends in demographics of the indigenous British population throughout the late XX – beginning of the XXI centuries. The scientific novelty consists in the use of sources that have not been previously introduced in the academic discourse, as well as extensive cover of the statistical data on this matter. Over the recent decades, Great Britain experiences the large-scale demographic changes characterized by the massive influx of migrants and practical extinction of the British people. The current outburst of population size of the country is provided by the constant migration from Asia, Africa, and new member-states of the European Union, as well as high birth rate among the immigrants. The mainstream population of Great Britain undergoes a permanent demographic crisis, which leads to the fall in rate of birth below the natural reproduction, increase of the median age, and departure of the active citizens from the country. Thus, in parallel with the overall increase in population of the country, there also take place a rapid substitution of the ethnic and religious composition of the population by the non-European minorities. In the nearest future, such process will inevitably result in the tectonic shifts in all spheres of life of the British society.
Meshcheryakova N.N. - The study of aging issues in the world sociology pp. 15-24

DOI:
10.7256/2409-7144.2016.5.18866

Abstract: This article presents a comparative analysis of the reports announced at the XVIII World Congress of Sociology held in Yokohama, Japan in July of 2014. All reports considered the questions of aging, subjective well-being of elderly people, economic aspects of population aging and other questions concerning this area. The aim of the paper is to define the main tendencies in studying aging questions that interest the world sociology under the growth of life expectancy, population aging, i.e. increasing cohort of elderly people in relation to youth and those in midlife in the structure of population, taking into account the current economic crisis and cutting budgets income basis.The results are grouped according to the following criteria with their detailed characteristics:1) the level of social and economic development of the societies which have become the objects of the research: welfare states, developing countries and undeveloped countries;2) the cultural peculiarities.3) the subject of research.
Sukneva S., Barashkova A., Struchkova E. - Modern trends of marriage in the Northern region pp. 30-40

DOI:
10.25136/2409-7144.2017.7.23616

Abstract: The subject of this research is the modern processes of marriage and divorce of the population. The article examines the main factors of marriage that significantly influence the demographic situation of the Northern underpopulated region. The author traces the course of such process in the Sakha Republic (Yakutia) in the XXI century, as well as analyzes the territorial differentiation of nuptiality.  Special attention is given to the question of the stability of marriages. Based on the materials of sociological survey of the youth, the author examines the peculiarities of their relation to starting a family, official marriage registration, and civil marriage. The article applies typological method of analysis; type-forming indicators imply the direction and intensity of accession rate in the number of registered marriages and divorces that comprise the typology of Yakut districts. The author implements the method of questionnaire for determination of opinion of the youth on family and forms of marriage, as well as identifies noticeable quantitative differences of nuptiality in accordance with the groups of districts. Moreover, differences are noted not only over the whole observation period (2000 – 2015), but in the intermediate period as well. Among the factors of decline in marital activity of the population, a certain place belongs to the expansion of civil marriages. The main results of the survey of students demonstrate that modern youth clearly distinguish the forms of marriage. Thus, in their opinion, formal marriage focuses on the family, children, and civil – only on an individual. In the conditions of transformation of the place of family and marriage within the value system of society, this confrontation is likely to increase.
Sukneva S., Barashkova A. - Illegitimate fertility in northern region: socio-demographic aspect pp. 31-39

DOI:
10.25136/2409-7144.2018.10.27638

Abstract: The subject of this research is the illegitimate fertility of population, which represents one of the urgent demographic problems for modern world and is relevant for urban and rural areas of the Sakha Republic (Yakutia). The goal of this article lied in determining the scale and rate of spreading of illegitimate fertility, portion of various age groups therein, describing the objective and subjective factors that lead women to giving birth out of wedlock. Accent is made on the analysis of incentives towards making a decision to give birth to a child out of wedlock. The information base contains the data of the current statistics of birthrate considering the place of residence and age of a mother, two latest Russian censuses, as well as materials of sociological surveys conducted by the authors among the population of the republic in 2008 and 2017 in form of the focus group interview. The authors determine the direction and scale of the changes in birthrate, including birth out of wedlock by urban and rural areas from 2001 to 2016. There has been a decrease in the portion of young mothers under 25 and an increase in fertility out of wedlock in the older birth cohorts. It is revealed that women feel more independent with age in realization of their reproductive plans, as well as less committed to adhering to social disapproval even in rural areas with predominant traditional model of matrimonial-family relation. A conclusion is made that social outlook on the phenomenon of illegitimate fertility is tolerant regardless of the place of residence of the respondents. At the same time, it is recognized that the socio-demographic consequences of this phenomenon are multifaceted and cause substantiated worry for the future of the institution of family and marriage.
Nuskhaeva B.B. - Demographic situation on southern regions of Russia (according to statistical data and public opinion poll) pp. 40-46

DOI:
10.25136/2409-7144.2018.10.27520

Abstract: This article examines the demographic situation in the southern regions of Russia – Astrakhan Oblast, Volgograd Oblast and the Republic of Kalmykia. The research leans on the analysis of statistical data, acquired as a result of the public opinion poll. The survey was carried out in 2017 at the premises of Civil Registration departments of the three districts. The survey involved 580 respondents, consisting of 262 males and 318 females; 147 respondents from Astrakhan Oblast, 171 – from Volgograd Oblast, and 262 – from the Republic of Kalmykia. According to the statistical data in two regions (Volgograd Oblast and the Republic of Kalmykia), the size of urban and rural population is decreasing. Astrakhan Oblast demonstrates the decrease in size of urban population and the increase in size of rural population. The research results testify to the fact that over half of the respondent believe that the population size in their region is decreasing. Less than 30% of the surveyed assume that the population size in the region is stable; while 16.4% assess the demographic situation in the region as “population growth”. The conducted analysis allows comparing the main demographic trends determined by the statistical data and population of the southern regions of Russia. The demographic development of the southern regions of Russia is characterized by the interregional differentiation. Population assessment of demographic situation reflects the actual situation in the region. Over half of the respondents from Volgograd Oblast and the Republic of Kalmykia indicate that the population size in their region is decreasing.
Dudieva M.N. - Youth unemployment in the EU: new challenge of modernity pp. 68-75

DOI:
10.7256/2409-7144.2017.4.22547

Abstract: This article examines the phenomenon of youth unemployment in the European Union. It is underlined that the socioeconomic phenomenon that is directly dependent on demands of the market, under the circumstances of current instability causes concern for the fate of millions of the young residents of Europe. The author gives special attention to the analysis of positions of the youth in South Europe, where has developed the most dramatic situation throughout the entire history of the EU. The text contains references to a number of documents that regulate the questions of youth policy and employment at the supranational level. The author provides statistical data alongside analysis of the indexes of Eurostat on the number of unemployed among various age groups. The conclusion is made that in the established difficult situation on the job market, which faced the young professionals, besides the tense economic circumstances, an important role is played by the social aspect of the question, as well as the national peculiarities of the state. It is determined that due to the low level of competitiveness because of lack of education and other reasons, the process of restoration of the previous indexes of youth employment will require time and significant costs.
Markova V.V. - Demograpic Policy in Modern Russia: Institutional Directions to Improve pp. 80-92
Abstract: The article analyzes "The Concept of Demographic Policy of the Russian Federation 2025" which is the basic document defining the activities of public authorities in the field of human reproduction. The author has identified the shortcomings encountered in the development and implementation of national population policy in the Russian Federation. In particular, the key issue in the implementation of the state population policy is the lack of objective criteria for evaluating the policy. In addition, the institutional weakness is the lack of a single coordinating body responsible for implementation of government measures in the field of demography. In the study justified measures to improve the state of population policy, the main ones are: the creation of a single body responsible for the implementation of population policies, development of clear and objective indicators to measure the effectiveness of implementation of demographic policy, stimulation public authorities transformation of socio-cultural environment in the direction of the revival of traditional family values and healthy lifestyles; migration policy should go into the general context of population policy.
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