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MAIN PAGE > Journal "Sociodynamics" > Contents of Issue є 01/2016
Contents of Issue є 01/2016
State and civil society
Lapina M.A. - Public administration in the transition to the information society pp. 1-22

DOI:
10.7256/2409-7144.2016.1.17529

Abstract: The subject of the article are the disclosure of the concept of the information society in the scientific and educational literature, the importance of the principle of transparency of public administration for the sustainable development of the information society. An analysis of existing international and national regulations, containing the principle of transparency (openness, transparency) in public administration and in the public service, showed a direct correlation with the development of the information society. At present, the principle of transparency contained in international agreements and national regulations, that are actively being developed on the scientific and methodological levels. However, this principle is not always clearly indicated in the basic regulations governing the civil service of the Russian Federation and the development of public administration, and therefore the question arose of the need to consolidate the regulatory principle of the sustainable development of the information society.The general philosophical, theoretical methods (dialectics, comparative method, system analysis, synthesis, analogy, deduction, observation, modeling), traditional legal methods (formal logic) and the techniques used in empirical sociological studies (expert judgment and others) were applied during the study. The main conclusion drawn from the study is that it is necessary to establish a normative principle of transparency in laws and regulations in the field of public administration of the Russian Federation.The main contribution that is made by the author, is a comparative analysis of the terms "information society" and "transparency" ("openness") of public administration and the civil service for their close relationship with respect to the construction and sustainable development of the information society and improving the quality of life of citizens.The novelty of the article is to offer a model of sustainable development of the information society on the basis of the universal principle of transparency of public administration.
Shchuplenkov N.O. - Role of the government in organization of the work of Komsomol in Soviet Russia and of the Russian student unions among white émigré (1917-1920Тs) pp. 23-43

DOI:
10.7256/2409-7144.2016.1.17501

Abstract: The ideological doctrine of the modern Russia in the area of youth policy is characterized by the search of the optimal variants of organization of the adjoin cooperation of the government and society. The Russian young generation feels a need for development of the certain actions for the effective establishment of the dialogue with the authorities. We can observe a drastic reformation of the mechanisms of government influence upon education of the young generation in all spheres of social life. New economic, political, social, and spiritual institutions are being formed; their activity is aimed at coordination of efforts of the government and society. In this situation, turning to the historical experience of the establishment of youth policy in the Soviet Russia and student movement among white émigré becomes clear. Comparative analysis of the socio-political status and peculiarities of the work of Komsomol and student unions in other countries allowed examining the mechanisms of correlation between the government and youth communities on the stages of their conception. The young generation comprised a significant part of population, which was able and ready to work. And on their work and political activity, as well as on the attitude towards the government, depended the wellbeing and future prosperity of the country. Both, the Komsomol and student unions became an experimental platform for preparation of new personnel.
Demetradze M.R. - Protection of sovereign rights of the people and socio-cultural needs of individuals acts of civil disobedience. The tasks of post-Soviet societies pp. 44-74

DOI:
10.7256/2409-7144.2016.1.17471

Abstract: Work is devoted to creation of institutional model of civil disobedience as way of pressure of society upon the power for protection of social inquiries and interests which practice is absent in the former Soviet Union. Research objective: to show what type of political activity and a political representativeness is legitimate as from society, and the state; what spheres of political space civil society and where it is necessary to draw line between the right of civil society and state can capture; how to avoid danger of continuous mobilization of citizens against the state. An object of research is civil disobedience as the social movement, and object – the civil initiatives, civil activity directed on protection of the sovereignty of society (the main carrier of the power in the state) and from an arbitrariness of the authorities. The structure and functions of the organization of civil disobedience, sociocultural inquiries is allocated as motives of a protest, condition at which disobedience has legal character and as the social inquiry turns into pressure tool in hands of society, without conflicting thus to democratic procedures and norms.
Family and society
Khusyainov T.M., Yanak A.L. - The problem of incomplete and overtime employment in the context of the balance of family and work (for example, single-parent father's family in Russia) pp. 75-91

DOI:
10.7256/2409-7144.2016.1.17455

Abstract: Steady spread of alternative family practices, among which are single-parent families as one of the dominant type of family relations, make scientific and public interest in their realities and problems. One of the key difficulties in their functioning is the correct distribution of single parent of their time and effort to work and family. In the case of single-father's family, this problem has a number of specific features associated with the notion of masculine identity, in particular in relation to occupational aspirations and attitudes, as well as the refusal of outside help in solving financial problems. The article describes the characteristics of atypical forms of employment (for example, underemployment and over employment), in the context of the implementation of their balance parental roles and household responsibilities in single-parent families. Within the framework of this research the authors determined the negative consequences of the spread of certain forms of atypical employment (part-time and overtime) for single-parent families (on the example of single-farther parenting). Later the authors will examine the effect of destandartization of employment and various forms of atypical employment upon the carrying out of different type of marriage relationship and parental practices, as well as define the problems emerging in their combination.
Social studies and monitoring
Lourie S.V. - Experience of polygamous families among the modern Russian Muslims: narrative analysis pp. 92-136

DOI:
10.7256/2409-7144.2016.1.17461

Abstract: The subject of this research is the contemporary Russian Muslim world. This article is dedicated to the research of the polygamous family among the modern Russian Muslims. The author examines the questions of how a polygamous family is accepted by the Muslims themselves, who were brought up in the modern Russian society, what emotions are experienced by Muslim men and women, as well as what motifs are they driven by. There problems are reviewed based on the example of materials from the website www.islam.ru during the period of 2009-2015; the authentic texts of the Muslim women and their letters are being analyzed. Public assessment of the polygamous Muslim families is rather negative, than positive. Partially it is caused by an experience of the Soviet and Russian education system with its certain individualism and independent position of a woman within family and society, romanticization of family and marriage, as well as the existence of education system in the context of the Cristian tradition of Russia, its view upon marriage as a sacred union of one man and one woman
Reznikova K.V., Pimenova N.N., Kistova A.V., Seredkina N.N., Zamaraeva Y.S. - Management of the Siberian territory branding in light on the Уnew regionalismФ pp. 137-161

DOI:
10.7256/2409-7144.2016.1.17395

Abstract: The subject of this research is the processes of perception of brands of the Siberian territories among student youth of the Krasnoyarsk Krai. There is a certain amount of representative visual images, embodied in one or another trademark. Often, the purpose of trademarks consists in reconstruction of the image of a specific region. This article talks about Krasnoyarsk Krai, as well as trademarks that are based on the regional thematic. Branding of Krasnoyarsk Krai is examined in the context of theories of “new regionalism”, which in turn serves as a certain alternative to the processes of cultural and political globalization. In order to gather the primary marketing information with regards to determination of the emotional attitude of the respondents towards the territorial branding, was applied one of the most wide-spread marketing methods – method of inquiry in a written form. The most strong connection between brands and visual images with the territory, has those businesses, events, and phenomena, that either use symbols of the recognized daily life of the regions, or directly present in the people’s everyday life, or are associated with the most expressive, popular, and fundamental bases of the regional identity (image of Surikov).
Libakova N.M., Sertakova E.A., Kolesnik M.A., Sitnikova A.A., Ilbeikina M.I. - Modern strategies of the social positioning of Siberian regions pp. 162-189

DOI:
10.7256/2409-7144.2016.1.17420

Abstract: The subject of this research is the modern social and cultural practices that are used by the regions of the Russian Federation in order to create a regional social identity. Currently, the issue of formation of the regional cultural identity as an inseparable element within the system of the nationwide Russian cultural identity is extremely relevant. In this scientific article we examine the processes of establishment of the territorial brand with the assistance of meaningful (representative) cultural events, which include Asian-Pacific Festival, festival “World of Siberia”. As a result of this research, the author determines the peculiarities of these festivals namely as the brands of the territory of Krasnoyarsk Krai, examines the perception of these brands, as well as describes the prospect of development of such events as a brand of territory and their ability to affect the establishment of a positive image of the region.
Kocherova A.V. - Dynamics of the change in the rate of maturation of minors in the Russian culture of the second part of XX century Ц beginning of XXI century pp. 190-212

DOI:
10.7256/2409-7144.2016.1.17342

Abstract: The object of this research is the Russian society as the tempoworld that has its own internal time. The subject of the research is the dynamics of the changes in “social clock” that regulates the age of reaching adulthood, receiving a passport, sexual consent, criminal responsibility, permission to marry; period of education in school and college; periodization of child ages. The research focuses on the social trends that pertain to the social roles of minors. An accent is made on the modern succession of certain trends of the Soviet society. Russian society is being viewed as a combination of small tempoworlds, while legislative fixation of particular socially-significant ages is called the method of synchronization of the whole country into a unified system. Among the main conclusions are the demonstrated trends substantiated by facts: physiological maturity takes place earlier than social; the mandatory and college education is given more and more time; the social roles are being assimilated faster than before, and majority of them falls on the period of adolescence; the society becomes oriented towards the values of the youth culture. Youth is held as the main class of the population, towards which the country is oriented.  
Local self-government
Nikolaeva M.V. - Territorial self-government: features of the operation in Russia and foreign experience pp. 213-229

DOI:
10.7256/2409-7144.2016.1.17493

Abstract: The subject of research is the organization of local government in the Russian Federation today. The object of research is the Institute of territorial self-government. The author examines in detail aspects such as the legal status of territorial self-government, foreign experience of territorial self-government. The article also reviewed existing models of territorial self-government and the TOC registration scheme. Particular attention is paid to the modern practice of the functioning of territorial self-government in the different regions and cities of the Russian Federation.The study took the following methodological approaches: general scientific (systematic, materialistic) and methods of scientific knowledge (analysis, synthesis, system comparisons).The scientific novelty of the research is to examine the author of international experience and a wide range of examples of the practical functioning of territorial self-government organizations.The study led to the conclusion that the Russian Federation is currently experiencing an active development of territorial public self-government, and the activities of CBT provides a large-scale social impact.
Religion and politics
Babich I.L. - Socio-cultural and political-legal aspects of modernization of the monasticism in the early XIX century (introduction of coenobitic monasticism as a new stage in the life of the Russian monasteries Ц on the example of the Ascension Desert of St. David pp. 230-261

DOI:
10.7256/2409-7144.2016.1.17510

Abstract: This article is dedicated to the socio-cultural and political-legal aspects of modernization of the monasticism in the beginning of the XX century. In the late XVIII-early XIX century Synod introduced to several monasteries in Russia a new type of monastic life – a so-called coenobitic monasticism. Before, many of the Russian monasteries were following another principle of monastic living – “anchoritic” Charter. The author demonstrates the process of transition from one lifestyle to another based on the example of Moscow Oblast monastery the Ascension Desert of St. David. This work contains the archive materials from the Central State Archive of Moscow and the Russian State Archive of Ancient Acts. The main conclusion consists in the following: the process of implementation of coenobitic Charter in the Ascension Desert of St. David monastery was taking place gradually, many monks were not able to endure a more difficult and tough regime of the monastic life within the coenobium, however, by the middle of the XIX century this process was successfully completed.
Social organizations and movements
Ippolitov V.A. - Fight against the УforeignФ in the youth union as an element of the system of political control over Komsomol organizations during the early 1930Тs pp. 262-272

DOI:
10.7256/2409-7144.2016.1.17232

Abstract: This article analyzes the regulation of social membership of Komsomol in the first half of 1930’s. This process is examines as a comprising element of the political control over Komsomol organizations. In the history of Komsomol of this little-studied period, the author sees a typical connection between the party’s policy with the criteria of social selection of those who enters the All-Union Leninist Young Communist League. The main sources for this work became the unpublished archive materials from the State Archives of the Public Political History of Voronezh Oblast and Tambov Oblast. The study of the aspects of sanctions policy in Komsomol was conducted by taking into account the state character of this organization. The author comes to the conclusion that in the first half of the 1930’s, there was observed class cleansing of the union, as well as the gradual fight of the party against the “theory of rehabilitation of the young kulaks” in the All-Union Leninist Young Communist League. The author demonstrates that a harsh regulation of the class membership had a negative effect upon the quality of work of the Komsomol.
LEGAL CULTURE AND POLITICAL CULTURE
Potaturov V.A. - Culture in the space of the modern УmegamachineФ pp. 273-300

DOI:
10.7256/2409-7144.2016.1.17324

Abstract: The subject of this article is the research on the role of “megamachine” in the establishment of the modern technogenic civilization, as well as the analysis if the interrelation between the modern society and “megamachine”. The article also conducts analysis of the causes that substantiate the ecological crisis on the planet, which can be qualified as a manifestation of the cultural crisis, and the correlation between the “megamachine” and the emerged in the XX century based in its functioning “consumer society”, the main concept of which became a so-called “mass culture” – foundation the modern Western civilization. An expressive phenomenon here is the complicated dialectics of the contradictory process of the correlation between culture and socio-technical component of the modern civilization, which is often referred as “megamachine”. A special attention is given to the negative trends and their causes, associated with the existing contradiction between the fundamental grounds, which comprise the base for culture and civilization. The author’s main conclusion consists in the fact that the modern global society has come to a certain quality milestone, the meaning of which is yet not clear for many. The current socio-economic, political, and cultural challenges of the modern era require its theoretical reasoning and methodological reflection in order to deeper and better understand the essence of the modern era, as well as devise strategies for the future civilized development. Nevertheless, certain crises phenomena in the development of the society, allow us speaking of the factors that led to this milestone today. Among the major factors are the deep contradictions that emerged in the process of development of the technogenic civilization, within the framework of which the Western socio-cultural project is being realized.
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