Статья 'Проблема нравственного освобождения личности в философии русского народничества' - журнал 'Социодинамика' - NotaBene.ru
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Sociodynamics
Reference:

The problem of moral liberation of personality in the philosophy of Russian populism

Viazinkin Aleksei

PhD in Philosophy

Docent, the department of History and Philosophy, Tambov State Technical University

392000, Russia, Tambovskaya oblast', g. Tambov, ul. Sovetskaya, 106

vyazinkin@yandex.ru
Другие публикации этого автора
 

 

DOI:

10.25136/2409-7144.2020.7.33461

Review date:

16-07-2020


Publish date:

04-08-2020


Abstract.

The subject of this research is the problem of moral liberation of personality in ideological heritage of Russian Populism. In the social philosophy of Russian populism this problem is an integral part of the theory of holistic liberation of personality (moral, socioeconomic, political). Emphasis is made on the concept of “rational egoism” and principle of oneness of human nature (unity of material and moral) of N. G. Chernyshevsky; significance of subjective method in social sciences in formation of anthropological (“moral”) ideal of P. L. Lavrov; as well as theory of solidary relations as the key concepts of ethicism of social philosophy of Russian Populism. The scientific novelty consists in examination of the problem of moral liberation in the context of theory of holistic liberation of personality, developed by the Russian populists on the basis of socio-philosophical ideas of Enlightenment. The problem of autonomous (sovereign) personality in the social philosophy of Russian populism is viewed in the context of “liberation of personality”, with emphasis on the anthropological ideal of “moral personality”. Advancing the theory of “rational egoism”, N. G. Chernyshevsky came to the conclusion that autonomy of personality is achieved due to social solidarity. P. L. Lavrov, having continued the inner logics of populist thought on the development of solidary relations in the society, basically neglected the autonomy of personality. An attempt to solve the problem of correlation between moral freedom and moral demand, applicable to the ideal personality, led to formation of the fundamentals of solidarism within the philosophy of Russian populism.

Keywords: justice, rational egoism, social philosophy, solidarity, liberation of an individual, sovereign individual, Russian Populism, history of philosophy, anthropological ideal, ethics
This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .

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