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Sociologist and the state. To the problem of studying the state in the conditions of symbolic power
Rusakov Sergei Sergeevich

PhD in Politics

Educator, the department Humanitarian and Socio-Economic Disciplines, S. M. Kirov Military Medical Academy

194044, Russia, g. Saint Petersburg, ul. Akademika Lebedeva, 6

arias456@mail.ru
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Abstract.

This article analyzes the problem associated with objectivity and capability of the modern humanitarian thought to reveal the theoretical aspects of the state. Leaning on the ideas of multiple philosophers, the author demonstrates that the existing conventional research methods in various social disciplines constantly remain under the powerful influence of the state as the institution that possesses the meta-capital. Besides the concept of symbolic power developed by Pierre Bourdieu, there is a number of other ideas that have previously substantiated the impossibility or extremely high probability of the fact that any research, which attempted to give meticulous explanation of impact of the state upon human and limits of state’s authoritative powers, are doomed to failure. For analyzing the works of Pierre Bourdieu, Michel Foucault, Theodor Adorno and other thinkers related to the topic under discussion, the article uses the methods accepted in sociology of knowledge and social philosophy: contrastive-comparative, hypothetical-deductive, and critical methods. The scientific novelty lies in the author’s attempt to not only emphasize the strong facets of certain methods of studying the stat that claim the possibility of balancing the “effects of the power” or influence of the state, but also to indicate that the application of such inventive methods dos not allow the researchers to fill their works with the sufficient analytical and forecasting power, as the actions of the state constantly outpace the actions of the humanitarian scholars.

Keywords: philosophy of science, symbolic power, symbolic capital, social science, Humanities, Theodor Adorno, Michel Foucault, Pierre Bourdieu, sociology of knowledge, state

DOI:

10.25136/2409-7144.2019.1.28401

Article was received:

17-12-2018


Review date:

18-12-2018


Publish date:

15-02-2019


This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .

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