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Typology of knowledge in the United States according to Fritz Machlup as a theoretical source of determination of the types that affect the establishment of political consciousness of American society
Shliakhova Regina Alekseevna

Post-graduate student, the department of Sociology and International Relations, M. V. Lomonosov Moscow State University
 

119234, Russia, g. Moscow, ul. Leninskie Gory, 1, str. 33

shlyahova.regina@gmail.com
Mantseva Elizaveta Romanovna

Post-graduate student, the department of Contemporary Sociology, M. V. Lomonosov Moscow State University

119234, Russia, g. Moscow, ul. Leninskie Gory, 1, str. 33

agnessmsu@mail.ru

Abstract.

The object of this research is the political consciousness of American society. The subject is the types of knowledge that affect the political consciousness the most. One of the key characteristics of society of the late XX – early XXI century is the knowledge, which results in the acute need for studying the nature of knowledge dominant in modern society, its main forms and functions, one of which is the establishment of public opinion. Fritz Machlup is an Austrian and American economics, whose typology of knowledge underlies the foundation of this article; its detailed description is provided. The scientific novelty lies in application of F. Machlup’s typology in modern realities of the American society, determination of the types of knowledge that affect the formation of political consciousness in the United States as well as the extent of such impact. Fritz Machlup highlighted the five types of knowledge: practical, intellectual, entertaining, spiritual, and undesirable. Each of them to one or another extent affects the social consciousness; but only three of them (intellectual, entertaining and spiritual) produce impact upon the establishment of political consciousness in the United States.

Keywords: mass media, post-industrial society, Fritz Mahlup, forms of knowledge, knowledge, American society, political consciousness, society consciousness, intellectual knowledge, entertainment knowledge

DOI:

10.25136/2409-7144.2018.5.26210

Article was received:

07-05-2018


Review date:

08-05-2018


Publish date:

24-05-2018


This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .

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