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Sociodynamics
Reference:

Peace museums as peacemaking actors: political and psychological aspects

Smirnova Alexandra

Post-graduate student, Junior Scientific Associate, the department of Foreign History, Political Science, and International Relations, Petrozavodsk State University

185910, Russia, the Republic of Karelia, Petrozavodsk, Prospekt Lenina 33, office #417

alexandrasmirnova11@gmail.com
Aver'yanova Mariya

Post-graduate student, the department of Psychology, Petrozavodsk State University

185910, Russia, the Republic of Karelia, Petrozavodsk, Pushkinskaya Street 17, office #103

averyanovamary@yandex.ru

DOI:

10.7256/2409-7144.2016.12.2103

Review date:

09-11-2016


Publish date:

18-01-2017


Abstract.

This article examines the peace museums – a distinct type of museums, which are dedicated to peace work and criticizing violence in all its forms. The relevance of this research is explained by the special role, which peace museums intend to play in social development and world politics. Although the number of peace museums is gradually growing, they remain on the periphery of peace studies, as well as unstudied within the framework of other disciplines. This article is aimed at the analysis of the concept of peace museums and characteristics of their psychological and political features. Peace museums are viewed as a complex phenomenon, which combines the areas of international, intrastate, intergroup and interpersonal relations. The object of this research is the role of peace museums in social development, while the subject is the political and psychological components of peace museums. The main method of this work is the critical analysis of scientific literature and information sources along with the political and psychological concepts for examining the specificity of the museums. Due to the fact that currently there is no single approach towards defining and characterizing the peace museums, the article suggest the narrow and broad interpretations of this notion, as well as provides the typology of the contemporary peace museums. In second part of the article, the authors review the questions of psychological effect from visiting such museums, as well as difficulties that emerge due to their political orientation. The specificity of peace museums consists in their orientation towards resolution of the conflicts and internationalism, however, the peculiarity of the subject and antagonism with the state ideology impede the prosperity of peace museums. In the authors' opinion, the study of peace museums can enrich our perception of the problems of peace and violence, as well as contribute into the development of social and humanitarian sciences.

Keywords: peace movement, international relations, peace infrastructure, transformation of conflicts, museum psychology, peace studies, anti-war museums, peace museums, pacifism, internationalism
This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .

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