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Sociodynamics
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Gender specificities of professional orientation of the modern high schoolers

Kulagina Nataliya Vladimirovna

PhD in Psychology

associate professor of the Department of Humanities and Natural Sciences, Bereznikov Branch of the Perm State University

618547, Russia, Permskii Krai oblast', g. Solikamsk, ul. Severnaya, 44

natkulagina@inbox.ru
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Medvedeva Tat'yana Nikolaevna

PhD in Psychology

Docent, the department of Pedagogy and Psychology, Solikamsk State Pedagogical University –branch of the Perm State National Research University

618540, Russia, Perm Krai, Solikamsk, Severnaya Street 44

tanzin55@yandex.ru
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DOI:

10.7256/2409-7144.2017.2.20987

Review date:

06-11-2016


Publish date:

16-03-2017


Abstract.

This article discusses the question of professional self-determination of the modern high school students, as well as provides a review of the studies, which demonstrate that modern graduates need help in choosing and planning of their career path. The authors present results of the empirical research that reveals the gender specificities of professional orientation of the high schoolers. The research was conducted among the schools of Perm Krai (Berezniki, Solikamsk, Cherdyn, Krasnovishersk, and Usolye) and included 300 participants. The following materials were used: methodology of O. A. Lopukhova “Masculinity, Femininity, and Gender Type of Personality”; modified methodology of A. E. Golomshtok “Map of Interests”; differentiated-diagnostic survey of E. A. Klimov. According to the accumulated results, the modern high school students experience lack of the precise career plan. The majority of them (75%) demonstrate low level of independence in selecting a profession or structuring a personal career plan. It is established that among the male students, adherence to gender stereotypes regarding the questions of professional distribution of labor comprises 69.6%. Female students have the more egalitarian perception on this matter: 48.1% believe that the stereotypes in dividing the professions into male and female, is not relevant at present time.  The results of the research can be implemented in schools for planning and organization of the personal-target approach towards the professional orientation; by the specialists of the Department of state policy in the area of education in development of the career-oriented mechanisms of realization of state policy in the field of higher and secondary vocational education; as well as by university administration for career planning with schools.

Keywords: professional plan, career consulting , professional orientation, professional choice, professional interests, professional orientation, gender specificities , gender stereotypes, high school students, types of professions
This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .

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