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Postmodernism and gnoseological pessimism: social and scientific controversies
Barkov Sergei Aleksandrovich

Doctor of Sociology

Professor, the department of Sociology of Organizations and Management, M. V. Lomonosov Moscow State University

119234, Russia, Moscow, Leninskiye Gory 1, building #33, office #506

barkserg@live.ru
Zubkov Vladimir Ivanovich

Doctor of Sociology

Professor, the department of Public Administration and Social Technologies, Moscow Aviation Institute (National Research University)  

121552, Russia, g. Moscow, ul. Orshanskaya, 3, of. 610B

v.zubkov@bk.ru

Abstract.

The subject of this research is agnosticism as the methodological principle of postmodernism, and gnoseological pessimism as its social reflection. The goal of the research is the determination of the social role of science during the postmodern era. The authors present the pros and cons arguments, for the first time appealing to various philosophical and sociological concepts, as well as phenomena in socio-political and socio-economic spheres, as well as people’s everyday life. The work uses the method of complex (interdisciplinary, retrospective, and behavioral) comparative analysis, which allows revealing the direct and indirect connections between the theory of cognition and social perception of science. The conclusion is made that in the era of postmodernism, science and its place in society undergo the changes similar to those that happened in religion centuries ago. The conducted complex analysis is capable of initiating a broad discussion about the role and place of science in the modern world.

Keywords: epistemological pessimism, social reflexivity, social reflection, gnosticism, agnosticism, anti-scientism, scientism, epistemology, postmodernism, epistemological optimism

DOI:

10.7256/2409-7144.2016.11.2094

Article was received:

02-11-2016


Review date:

07-11-2016


Publish date:

07-11-2016


This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .

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