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Political and Legal Aspects of Arrangements and Activity of the Constitutional Assembly of the Russian Federation: Background of the Problem

Nikulin Viktor Vasil'evich

Doctor of History

Professor of the Department of Constitutional and Administrative Law at Tambov State Technical University

Russia, 392000, Tambov, str. Sovetskaya, h.106

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Abstract: The subject of research is the political-legal and historical-legal aspects of the organization and activity of the Constitutional Assembly of the Russian Federation. Its legal status as institute of adoption of the constitutional amendments and revision of the basic law is fixed in provisions of the 9th chapter of the Constitution of the Russian Federation. It is noted that the order of election of the Constitutional Assembly, its numerical structure, term of activity, a basis of an operating procedure and many other features in the Constitution aren't opened. The federal constitutional law which is still not adopted is urged to define all these provisions. Theoretical bases of the constituent power, historical aspects of realization of idea of the Constituent, including in Russia are analyzed. The main attention is paid to consideration of history of the discussions about the Constitutional Assembly of the Russian Federation occurring in the last twenty years in the Russian society, to the analysis of the relation of various political forces to convocation of the Constitutional Assembly of the Russian Federation, consideration various versions of the offered laws on the Constitutional Assembly. The considerable attention is paid to the analysis of discussion about expediency of adoption of law on the Constitutional Assembly of the Russian Federation. The conclusion that the institute of the Constitutional Assembly  in Russia isn't designed even at the standard level is drawn. The ambiguity and inaccuracy of the constitutional provisions relating to the Constitutional Assembly demand their additional interpretation by the Constitutional Court before they become standards of the federal constitutional law. There is no the developed idea of structure of the Constitutional Assembly, conditions and initiators of its convocation, volumes and terms of office of the Assemby. The author counts on introduction of a certain contribution to scientific illumination of a problem of the relation of various political forces of Russia to improvement of the Constitution of the Russian Federation and prospects of its change.

Keywords: Constitution of the Russian Federation, constitutional arrangement, constituent, Constitutional Assembly, constitutional law, constitutional legal status, draft law, politics, opposition, power
This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .

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