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MAIN PAGE > Journal "Modern Education" > Contents of Issue № 04/2017
Contents of Issue № 04/2017
Developing pedagogical technologies
Kirnarskaya D.K. - Three sources and three key components of the Russian education reform: the experience of musical art pp. 1-16

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8736.2017.4.24201

Abstract: This article discusses the necessary reforms that are due in the system of national music education. The essence of crisis consists in the fact that the syllabus has outdated, because until the present stage is focused on the solo performances, while the job market suggests the positions of other type associated with the communication skills, management and diversification of musical styles of a graduate. The second aspect of crisis lies in the excessive overload of the students with the class exercises that do not leave space for self-education, work and leisure that are extremely need for a young individual. Overload as a generic feature of the Russian education system also concerns professors and educators that are deprived of career growth opportunity alongside the full-fledged academic activity. In addition, the article offers not to interlink the salary of educators with the teaching load, as well as pare it down due to the decrease of academic hours, which manifests as a crucial moment in the proposed reform. The third aspect of crisis is the outdated format of presenting the material based on lecture, while the psychology of modern students inclines towards the other formats, which certainly include interactivity and creativity. The international experts acknowledge all of the indicated flaws in music education as in need of the reforms. Their opinions and propositions are also considered in the article, which views the reform of music education leaning on the three key components – syllabus, organization, and format of education, which will increase demand for the graduates and their success on the job market.
Modern strategies and forms of education
Melnikov Y.B., Boyarsky M.D., Lokshin M.D. - On assessment of the quality of the math classes using the system of exemplary models applying the information and communication technologies pp. 17-25

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8736.2017.4.24624

Abstract: The object of this research is an important and relevant question of modern education – the realization of educational activity with application of the information and communication technologies. The subject is the assessment of the quality of math classes with application of the information and communication technologies. Special attention is given to the development of mechanism for creating the system of models considered as exemplary for the math class (content area, presentation style, etc.). The article describes (from various perspectives) the criteria for the system of exemplary models that allow assessing the quality of the content of math class. Methodology of the research is based on the modelling theory. The following conclusions were made: 1) the content of math class, developed with implementation of the formalized system of exemplary model, produces the more extensive pedagogical effect that the content selected by certain private methods; 2) the described system of exemplary models can be used not only as an apparatus for assessing the quality of the existing mathematical content, but also as instrument of projecting the new math disciplines; 3) the suggested approach can be applied to the assessment of quality not only of the mathematical educational content, but also other areas of education. Unlike the existing studies on the questions of application of the information and communication technologies in math education, the accent is made not on the quality of content solution, but rather the quality of the content of math classes. The proposed approach allows harmoniously combine the unification and diversification of presentation of the educational discipline, as well as ensure to the student a possibility of structuring of an individual educational trajectory.
Education
Malakhova E.V., Kirko V.I., Yanova M.G. - Assessment of the level of economic culture of the students of northern districts of Krasnoyarsk Krai and Sakha Republic (Yakutia) pp. 26-38

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8736.2017.4.24510

Abstract:   This work presents the results of comparative studies on determination of the extent of economic culture among highs school students of the Indigenous small numbered peoples of the North residing in Krasnoyarsk Krai and Sakha Republic (Yakutia). The subject of this research is the theoretical grounds of the beginning of formation of economic culture among high school students, while the object is the educational process and sociocultural space of the high school students of the Indigenous small numbered peoples of the North from Krasnoyarsk Krai and Sakha Republic (Yakutia). The article substantiates the importance of the early formation of economic culture among the high schoolers. The used methodology alongside the analysis of individual portfolio of a student can be applied in structuring the further individual educational trajectory, as well as determining of the future profession. The author reveal the ethno-geographical differentiation of the high schoolers at the level of their social adaptation that demonstrates the presence of life goals, knowledge of their rights and responsibilities, and general knowledge necessary in the current social, economic, and cultural environment.   
Pedagogy
Dolgopolova A.F., Shmal'ko S.P. - Peculiarities of teaching of the professionally oriented mathematical course for the students of economic disciplines pp. 39-47

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8736.2017.4.24487

Abstract: The authors substantiate the impact of mathematical thinking upon the formation and development of modern economic thinking. Successful solution of this task requires the introduction of new approaches towards presentation of mathematical knowledge to the university students. Therefore, it must begin from the development of learning programs and methodological guidance to them, structuring of didactic support of mathematical course for teaching the students of economic directions. At the same time, an important direction in realization of quality training of a modern economist, are the criteria of the applied focus in selecting the learning didactical material for the professionally oriented mathematical tasks. Methodology of this work contains the psychological-pedagogical and theoretical analysis of the scientific and methodical literature, as well as periodical associated with the questions of structuring the professionally oriented course of the discipline. Special place hold the methods of modelling and forming experiment in creation of methodical concepts of formulating the mathematical tasks, applicable to the implied economic activity. The authors provide an example of the developed test exercise “Function and its economic applications” based on the tasks from economic theory. The tactics of describing the actual economic situation, its modeling using the mathematical methods, graphic presentation and formulation of conclusions conduce the establishment and development of the key professional competencies of a future economist.
Pedagogical ideal
Koshkin A.P., Novikov A.V. - The role of social representations in students’ motivation to acquire further education pp. 48-75

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8736.2017.4.24483

Abstract: Under the conditions of rapid development of the market of further educational services, multiple universities show interest in attracting the students to education upon the program of further professional education. From such perspective, it is extremely important to identify the significant social factors that greatly affect the representations of students regarding further education and their role in creation and establishment of motivation to continue education. This work focuses on analysis of the role of social representations on motivating students to receive further professional training during studying in the university. The research leans on the results of sociological surveys that involved 452 of the Russian students. The results were analyzed using the factor analysis, hierarchical cluster analysis, k-means clustering, and regression analysis. The authors examines the attitude of the Russian students towards further education using the six scales: 1) informedness about such programs; 2) social representations (content, conditions, price); 3) idea of the necessary characteristics of the programs and expectations; 4) desire to receive further professional training currently and in the future, as well as the impeding factors. The four basic representations about the further education have been determined in students’ consciousness. The results of the research demonstrate that social representation have a poor impact upon students’ desire to acquire further professional training during studying in the university, however have substantial effect in long-term perspective.
Types of education
Zebzeeva V.A. - The use of models and modeling in ecological education of preschool children pp. 76-84

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8736.2017.4.19521

Abstract: The subject of study is the ecological education of preschool children, formation of children's ideas about the interrelations in nature. The relevance of the study relates to the need of modern society into comprehensively developed young generation, having developed skills, creative activity, owning culture of environmental awareness. Environmental education aimed at the preservation and reasonable use of natural resources based on knowledge of the laws of nature. In this regard, there is a constant search for effective methods and forms of ecological education of preschool children. The modeling method allows intuitive and accessible for children to reproduce the hidden properties and communications of the natural object. The ability to visual spatial modeling is one of the fundamental specific human abilities.The research methodology was based on the study of the views of preschool children about the interrelations in nature, skill in building the simplest models that reflect the relationships in nature. As research methods were used analysis and generalization of literature, conversation, practical tasks and observations of different activities of children.The results showed that the positive dynamics in ecological education of preschool children is achieved through the development of children's visual spatial modelling, use of models, fixing a logical sequence with natural texts, acting as plan, provide understanding of children's relationships and dependencies that exist in nature; the use of complex models: a subject – allowing to reproduce the structure, characteristics, internal and external relationship of real objects and phenomena of nature; subject – schematic – allows you to select the characteristics, relations and objects of nature, which helps to understand the value of protective coloration of animals; graphical models transmitting signs, ties and relationships of natural phenomena.
Innovative methodology and technology
Vaskevich T.V. - Unification of the national educational systems of Europe as a result of the Bologna Process: problems and losses pp. 85-100

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8736.2017.4.24916

Abstract: This article is dedicated to the problems of adjustment of the national systems of higher education of the European countries to the Bologna Process. The author presents the comparative characteristic of the traditional (pre-Bologna) and Bologna models of the systems of higher education in Europe on the example of France, Great Britain, Italy, and Germany. Accent is made on the fact that the Bologna reforms aimed at achieving the unification of system of higher education of the European countries in practice led to the unification of problems faced by the national educational systems, distorted under the aegis of the Bologna slogans. The attractive propositions of Bologna Declaration were twisted in reality, inflicting damage to the traditionally strong sides of the national systems of higher education. Leaning on the works of A. A. Ostapenko, T. A. Khagurov, O. N. Chetverikova, E. Fromm, and K. D.Ushinsky, the author gives particular attention to the problems emerged as a result of the Bologna reforms: commercialization, utilitarianism, dehumanization of higher education. The conclusion is made that under the conditions of globalization and pragmatization, education has lost its true purpose – enlightenment and strive for improving the humane in a human. The loss of the true meaning of education leads to dehumanization of the society.
Effectiveness of training
Sopot N. - Universal types of spelling exercises based on syntax pp. 101-108

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8736.2017.4.24458

Abstract:  This article examines the types of communicative exercises efficient that help improving the spelling skills of the students of 8th and 9th grades. The author determines the criteria of selecting the exercises. Special attention is given to the methodological aspects of using the universal spelling exercises (structuring, creative and free dictation, analogy-based dictation) for revising orthography in learning syntax; particular types of exercises that allow to comprehensively solve the spelling, syntax, and speaking tasks are proposed. It is underlined that the revision of orthography in 8th and 9th grades must be implemented with reference to the systematic course of syntax. The scientific novelty consists in examination of the question of improving the skills of accurate spelling in 8th and 9th grades from the perspective of communicative-activity approach. The universal spelling exercises are viewed as a basic component of the system of exercises that realize the communicative-activity approach towards teaching orthography based on syntax. The article reveals the specificity of application of such exercises at the consolidating-correctional state of formation of the spelling skills.  
Knowledge and understanding
Pecherskiy Y.I. - Peculiarities of implementing the model of formation of competencies in resolving the professional and personal conflicts during preparation of the Bachelors of Education pp. 109-117

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8736.2017.4.24836

Abstract: The subject of this research is the peculiarities of implementing the model of formation of competencies in resolving the professional and personal conflicts that emerge during preparation of the Bachelors of Education; while the object is the students of a pedagogical university. The author examines the essence of the professional and personal conflicts alongside specificities of realization of functions within the structure of the professional and personal conflict, describes the conflictological competences in the area of resolution of the pedagogical conflicts, as well as determines the peculiarities of application of the system-activity approach. In the course of this work the author used the axiomatic and hypothetic-deductive method, inductive method, modelling and interpretational-descriptive method. The author explores the structure and content of the model of formation of competences on resolving the professional and personal conflicts in the context of preparation of the Bachelors of Education, as well as the levels and criteria of the formedness of competences pertinent to resolving such conflicts. In conclusion, in is underlines that the process of formation of skills aimed at resolving the professional and personal conflicts among the Bachelors of Education is realized through the educational and cultural impact of the university pedagogues based on the system-functional approach. The scientific novelty consists in the author’s original model on formation of competencies aimed at resolving the professional and personal conflicts among students of pedagogical university, which specifies and complements the existing theoretical developments in the area of conflictology and pedagogy.
Adult games
Yanik A.A., Popova S.M. - Intensification of dirigisme in managing science, innovations, and higher education in the United Kingdom after the Brexit pp. 118-130

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8736.2017.4.24639

Abstract: This article is dedicated to the results of the regular stage of monitoring (2016-2017) of the newest changes in the strategy of managing science, innovations, and higher education in the United Kingdom due to the referendum consequences on the country’s exit from the European Union. Special attention is given to the examination of strategic documents and decisions of the British government, including the new law on higher education and science (April of 2017). The authors analyze the content and meaning of the current conceptual and organizational changes, as well as predict the possible consequences. A conclusion is made that intensification of the course towards centralization of management system, restriction of academic freedoms, and methods of dirigisme in the development of science, innovations, and higher education are associated with the escalation of crisis phenomena in the country and unaccounted “Brexit” effects. It is noted that at the present moment, the growing financial responsibilities of the British government before the academic community is a way of defusing the political tension, rather than the circumspect development strategy. Further monitoring of the British experience will allow assessing the efficiency of the new course from the perspective of its productivity and correspondence of the selected methods with the set goals and tasks.
In search of the meaning
Martyshenko N.S. - Examination of processes affecting the student’s’ satisfaction on choice of profession pp. 131-142

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8736.2017.4.24347

Abstract: The choice of profession is crucial decision made in the life of any person. The subject of this research is the processes of professional self-identification of the students. The article comprehensively analyses the choice of future profession, as well as asses the subjective changes of the image of profession in educational process. Professional deprivation negatively affects the psychological state of the students and possibility of their professional self-realization. The author considers such aspects of the topic as the professional deprivation substantiated by the discrepancy of students’ professional expectations and self-realization in the selected profession. Special attention is given to the value orientations and the impact of the character of profession upon the students’ professional goals. The author surveyed the students of Primorsky Krai (n=600) for determining the level of satisfaction with the choice of profession. The results demonstrated that the changes in the process of professional self-identification of youth are defined by the qualitative transformations in the society. High school graduates often select the future profession without studying the character and conditions of the professional activity, as well as situation at the job market, and actual employment opportunity. The modern youth is not afraid of possibility to adjust their profession in the future. The author underlines that modern universities to do pay due attention to the professional orientation regarding the transition “from education to work”, thus it is necessary to develop the structures assisting the employment that help introducing the students to job market.
Earnest discussion
Lomasko P.S. - The role of interactive digital content in implementation of online education in modern university pp. 143-151

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8736.2017.4.24870

Abstract: onThe object of this research is the interactive digital content resources at the present stage of development of online education in the Russian universities. Particular attention is paid to the modern understanding of the characteristics and levels of interactivity of the learning materials. The article provides distinct features of the digital learning resources and interactive learning material, as well as underlines the potential capabilities of interactive content for implementation of pedagogical techniques and achievement of the expected educational results. The author substantiates the need for readiness of academic staff for design and development of the interactive learning materials in terms of implementation of the online education. Based on the results of research using the methods of content analysis, discursive analysis, synthesis of ideas of the modern pedagogical techniques, the article describes the attributes of the modern learning resources that can be applied remotely through online courses saturated with the interactive digital content. Author’s main contribution lies in the fact that he synthesizes the levels of interactivity of the modern learning resources, concretized the notions of “digital learning material”, “interactivity”, “level of interactivity of learning resource”, “interactive digital content” in the context of establishing the online education within the framework of the smart-education paradigm. The author demonstrates the importance of the interactive digital content in online courses due to it didactic capabilities.
Paradox
Evseenko E.A., Kirko V.I., Koptseva N.P., Shabanova S.V. - Level of correlation between the choice of profession among schoolers, desire of their parents, and teachers’ opinion pp. 152-159

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8736.2017.4.24355

Abstract: The subject of this research is the theoretical grounds of the beginning of establishment of professional competencies among high schoolers. The article reveals the essence of methodology on determining the level of correlation between the choice of profession among schoolers, desire of their parents, and teachers’ opinion. Phased training of teenagers aimed at self-identification skills in professional sphere, as well as formation of the image of their professional future amount to guiding how to structure their life goal. The author substantiate a high level of importance of the early establishment of professional competencies among high school students. The presented methodology alongside the analysis of professional portfolio of high school student can be used for structuring the further individual educational trajectory for acquiring necessary knowledge, competencies, and skills that can be required in the future professional activity. The proposed methodology helps forming the platform for the future development of educational trajectory of the high schoolers considering their individual portfolio.
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