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Modern Education
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MAIN PAGE > Journal "Modern Education" > Contents of Issue є 03/2014
Contents of Issue є 03/2014
Values and goals of education
Malanin V.S., Litvishkov V.M. - Grounds of Teaching Process at Training Centers of the Federal Penitentiary Service of Russia pp. 1-18


Abstract: System of training of employees for law enforcement agencies in general and for penitentiary branch in particular. The istorchesky period of formation and development of this sphere, on training of employees is lit. Thus, at the turn of the century with special sharpness the problem of execution criminal punishments was designated. It should be noted that, in essence, it is a pedagogical problem as the main social goal necessary for society, correction condemned for their return to law-abiding is, respecting requirements moral and precepts of law of life. If condemned doesn't improve, the system of criminal penalty and its execution work inefficiently. Besides, it can bring even damage, motivating recurrent crime. In such situation there is an actual problem on pedagogical training of staff of penitentiary services. The main place is taken by professionally significant personal properties and of course pedagogical abilities on mastering pedagogical equipment. Special training of the modern expert consists of fundamental general education, psychology and pedagogical and special knowledge, studying of modern pedagogical technologies, formation of installation on innovations and creativity. Application of innovative technologies in system of additional professional education allows to carry out self-realization and self-determination of the listener passing professional development in shorter terms. But these approaches yielding positive results only in improvement of separate aspects of activity of educational institution at the usual mode of its work don't allow to achieve goals in the innovative mode. Therefore here other approaches to the organization and management of educational process are necessary. In this regard there is a need of further reorganization of system of additional professional education of law enforcement officers, as most important condition of increase of level of their professional activity.
Modern strategies and forms of education
Krasnikov V., Pirozhkov G.P., Pirozhkova I. - Culturalization of Education: Traditional Means and New Technologies Used in Native History and Regional Studies pp. 19-48


Abstract: The means of formation of the expert checked by time as "man of culture" with deep social and personal views through the native and regional educational technologies are presented in article for the first time in literature. Authors claim that scientific researches of the last years revealed also such important means of culturalization of education as the domestic native history studies having deep historical roots and huge potential for being applied in modern conditions. They prove that today's technologies and services used in native history and regional studies can resolve a number of serious educational and pedagogic problems. As teachers at higher education institutions of Tambov and members of a unique public association of researchers of regional history and culture "Tambov Center for Regional Studies" (TCRS) at the Tambov regional office of the Russian Academy of Natural Sciences (has been working since 1995), the authors of the present article developed measures for further development of both traditional and new techniques which are approved in the course of pedagogical work at higher education institutions of Tambov. The TCRS' practice-oriented program-compendium "History and Culture of the Tambov Region" is aimed at culturalization of teaching and educational processes at educational institutions. Even in the course of development many theses were submitted not only during international and all-Russian scientific and practical conferences but also presented at departments of a number of educational institutions. Authors prove importance of studying of the native land and the local history education connecting intellectual and spiritual resources of man and society with the life environment for increasing culturological competence of future experts. The authors also reveal the definition and content of the term 'native history'.  Ways and means of culturalization of education through cultural regional studies based on the example of higher education are presented by the authors: 1. For all directions of training in general. 2. For Master degrees. They are focused on students of new type who have to proceed from various techniques of the analysis of difficult modern humanitarian situations, possess ideas of the historical sources and roots arising in the society of problems to understand that the advancing character of modern educational model means its orientation to formation of innovative and creative type of conceptually clever person. And in training of this kind of experts disciplines of a humanitarian cycle have the special importance. The uniting moment in the offered measures is orientation to development of active forms of thinking, to designing finally some steady the "sphere of meanings" characterizing dynamics of regional sociocultural processes. Authors draw a conclusion about need of scientific and public consolidation for the solution of this problem.
Philosophy and pedagogy
Gryaznova E.V. - Research methods and Categories of the Philosophy of Science pp. 49-68


Abstract: In this article the option of creation of the second lecture of the course "History and Philosophy of Science" is offered. Material of the first lecture was published in work earlier: Gryaznova of E.V. The Subject of the Philosophy of Science //NB: Philosophical researches. - 2013. - Issue No. 6. - Pages 514-529. In the presented material the multilevel concept of methodology of scientific knowledge with analysis of examples of use of various methods of scientific research in science philosophy in detail is considered. The special attention is paid to a dialectic method since in modern dissertation researches it ceased to play a key role that reduces quality of the last. Feature of creation of this material is that in the course of a statement it is offered not only to acquaint listeners with the existing methodology of scientific research, but also on concrete examples from their dissertation researches to fulfill possibility of its application. In work laws and the principles of dialectics, the analysis and synthesis, the principles of didactics, elements of interactive pedagogical technologies are used. This material was approved when carrying out occupations with graduate students and undergraduates. Thanks to interactive technologies and to existence of interrelation between the stated material and dissertation researches of listeners, material is acquired purposefully and helps into practice to practice to put the gained knowledge. The presented article can become a methodological and didactic element for teachers of higher education institution who develop and give courses on "History and philosophy of science", "Methodology of scientific researches".
Innovative methodology and technology
Mayer R.V. - On Using a PC-Connected Opto Sensor During Training Experiments in Mechanics pp. 69-80


Abstract: The present article is devoted to a problem of improvement of demonstration and laboratory experiments on mechanics in higher education institution. In it educational physical experiments in which the speed measuring instrument consisting of the optosensor, the scheme of interface and the personal computer is used are analysed. The following experiments are considered: 1) experimental verification of Newton's second law; 2) verification of the law of conservation of angular momentum; 3) studying of damped oscillations of physical and torsion springs; 4) jet propulsion of Segner wheel; 5) studying of rotation of a body in the viscous medium. In work the method of physical experiment consisting in creation of such experimental conditions under which the studied phenomenon can be studied in the most optimum way is used. The fundamentals of methodology are made by works of scientists-methodologists on problems of training in physics. Scientific novelty consists in improvement of a technique of experimental studying of laws of dynamics, conservation law of the moment of an impulse, damped oscillations, jet propulsion, rotation of a body in the viscous environment. Use of the considered physical experiments in educational process promotes understanding of laws of mechanics at higher level, to increase of interest in physics and information technologies
Mass information processing in training
Akopov G.L. - Challenges of Russian Education Under the Conditions of Total Informatization of Society pp. 81-91


Abstract: Separate problem aspects of Russian education under the conditions of total informatization of society are designated. The characteristic of society of new type is given and possible problems at training of specialists with higher education are analyzed and on a concrete example ways of increasing knowledge in the sphere information technologies are offered. Problems of ambivalence of political Internet modernization are designated and threats of total informatization of society in Russia and the world are concretized.Ways of introduction of technologies of Internet communication to educational process and education of the citizens realizing advantages and shortcomings of innovative information society are offered. the author tried to meet lacks of training of university graduates for information realities and the concealed threats in the research. Author's approach to training of specialists with higher education is offered. Problems of total informatization are designated and ways of a reagiroaniye on time calls are offered. System selection of factors of influence of new information and communication technologies on modern educational process is carried out.Introduction mechanisms in educational process of innovative technologies and paying of attention to knowledge of society of new type (information-oriented society) are offered.
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