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Philology: scientific researches
Reference:

The Structural Scheme of Sentences with the 'Frost' Semantics in the Russian Language (the Case Study of Literary Texts of the XXth Century)

Selemeneva Ol'ga Aleksandrovna

Doctor of Philology

professor of the Department of the Russian Language, Teaching Methods and Document Science at Bunin Yelets State University

399770, Russia, Lipetsk Region, Yelets, str. Kommunarov, 28.1

ol.selemeneva2011@yandex.ru
Другие публикации этого автора
 

 

DOI:

10.7256/2454-0749.2018.2.26157

Review date:

29-04-2018


Publish date:

18-06-2018


Abstract.

The object of this research is simple sentences that describe the state of frost in literary texts of Russian writers of the XXth century. The subject of the research is the structural scheme of such sentences in writing. The rationale of the research is caused by the fact that the problems of structural and semantic schemes of simple sentences viewed from the point of view of the situation approach is an understued topic in Russian grammar and so is the question about classification and systematization of stative sentences in the russian language. The other cause is the fact that there is no systematic description of the fragment of the national world picture that records human concept of different states of nature. Specific features of the factual language material have made the author to apply the descriptive analytical method, method of contextual analysis and distributive method in her research. The scientific novelty of the research is caused by the fact that the author analyzes simple sentences that mean the state of frost from the point of view of the assymetry of their semantic cognitive nature and formal syntactical schemes. The research results have allowed to define six structural schemes that make the basis of simple sentences that mean the state of frost, to differentiate the aforesaid schemes depending on their component structure (two- and three-component sentences) and their specificity or non-specificity for the description of the state of nature (specialized or non-specialized). They have also allowed to systematize lexical and formal grammatical expressiveness of obligatory component schemes and to describe peculiarities of their speech realisation. The results of the research can be used during teaching contemporary Russian literary language, cognitive linguistics, teaching Russian as a second language. 

Keywords: grammatical modification, speech modifications, predicative, subjective, component structure, structural scheme of the sentence, typical proposition, meaning, structural-semantic modification, positional scheme of utterance
This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .

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