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MAIN PAGE > Journal "Police and Investigative Activity" > Rubric "The issues of interaction between police and other law enforcement authorities and institutions"
The issues of interaction between police and other law enforcement authorities and institutions
Saidov Z.A. - Administrative Regulation in the Private Sector pp. 45-56

DOI:
10.7256/2409-7810.2016.1.16093

Abstract: The article focuses on the problems of legal and organizational measures related to the administrative regulation of the non-state sector of economy. The author has conducted a theoretical and legal analysis of the concepts of legal regulation of economic relations in the private sector of the economy from the viewpoint of its administrative regulation. The author also discusses the researchers' positions on the concept of state regulation of economy. The main attention is paid to developing methods and methodology of administrative regulation of security of economic relations. In addition, the author of the article presents a theoretical and legal analysis of the concepts of development of law and economics under current conditions. Saidov also analyzes different position concerning the interpretation and legal regulation of these categories. The methodological basis of the article includes recent researches on the theory of knowledge. In the course of the study the author has applied general philosophical and theoretical methods (dialectics, systems approach, method, analysis, synthesis, analogy, deduction, observation and modeling), traditionally legal methods (formal logic) as well as methods used in concrete sociological research (statistical, expert evaluation, etc.). The main conclusion drawn from the results of the study is that at the present time to ensure law and order in economy it is necessary to improve forms and methods of administrative regulation in the private sector. The main contribution made by the author of the article is the need for the development of administrative regulation in the private sector. The novelty of the research is caused by the fact that the author has developed proposals for the development of forms and methods of state regulation of economy and discussed legal and institutional guarantees for the rule of law in the economy of our country.
Vinnikov A.V. - Language Studies, Law and 'Definitions'. On Linguistic Issues of Justice and Society pp. 47-134
Abstract: Linguistic issues of justice include problems with judicial and police translations, secret speeches when national languages are used and the tendency towards denial of law and 'life according social standards' as the society starts to speak slang more. The author of the article carries out a comparative analysis of institutions of police officers and translators in Russia and developed foreign countries. All over the world the law allows to use translation services conducted by any physical entities speaking a foreign languae. Sworn, certified and licensed translators whose participation is not required by the law sabotage the split in the system of law enforcement. At the end of the article the author concludes that it would be advisable to further develop existing judicial translation agencies and their cooperation with pthe police. The author underlines that it is impossible just to borrow foreign experience without adjusting it to the needs of the Russian Feeration. The author also offers his own criteria for defining a translator's competence and states that both the Russian government and society tend to deny the law. 
Raschetov V.A. - About Prosecuting Agencies in the Mechanism of the Government pp. 71-80

DOI:
10.7256/2409-7810.2016.4.18959

Abstract: The object of the present research is legal actions of the government in the sphere of regulating legal relations related to criminal proceedings. The subject of the research is the activity of government authorities aimed at criminal prosecution of individuals who had violated the law. There is an opinion that agencies authorized to prosecute criminally can be viewed as prosecuting agencies due to the fact that their prosecuting activity is of governing nature while prosecutive jurisdiction is a constituent of state authority. But does it exist in reality? In his research Raschetov has used universal research methods (such as dialectical materialistic method) and general research methods such as deduction, induction, analysis, synthesis and logic. The scientific novelty of the research is caused by the fact that the author offers a new approach to defining the nature of prosecuting authority as well as a specified definition of prosecuting authority and definitions of prosecuting agencies based on the analysis of the criminal procedure legislation of the Russian Federation. Conclusions of the research are the following: prosecuting authority objectively exists and so do prosecuting agencies and bodies.  
Krasnova K.A., Ivlieva N.V. - Cancellation of security measures: problems of theory and practice. pp. 72-86

DOI:
10.7256/2409-7810.2015.2.15457

Abstract: During the last ten years state protection has become an effective measure of safety provision for the participants of criminal legal proceedings. The relations between the person under protection and the institution carrying out the security measures are based on the treaty on the conditions of security measures application, mutual obligations and mutual responsibility of the parties. The article considers the "gaps" of the Federal law of August 20, 2004 No. 119-FZ "On state protection of victims, witnesses and other participants of criminal legal proceedings", and the urgent problems of law-enforcement practice. One of the methods of primary information collection for the preliminary consideration of the object of the research was the study of documents reflecting the results of investigative activities of units responsible for the provision of safety of the persons under state protection and territorial bodies of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Russia. The study and generalization of practical experience were aimed at the analysis of the conditions of practice, identification of drawbacks and conflicts, new elements in the activities of state protection units' agents. The authors propose a new classification of the grounds for security measures cancellation depending on the behavioural model of the person under protection in typical situations of violation of the treaty on the conditions of security measures application, mutual obligations and mutual responsibility of the parties. The authors come to the conclusions about a key role of assessment of information about such violations of treaty and confirm the timeliness of introduction of a new function of the institutions responsible for security measures application ˗ psychological maintenance of the person under protection – for the effective implementation of state protection and the prevention of violation of obligations by the person under protection when concluding a treaty on the conditions of security measures application, mutual obligations and mutual responsibility of the parties.
Makarchuk I.Yu. - Caution as a Legal Mean of Activity Performed by Deputy Prosecutors of District Courts pp. 81-85

DOI:
10.7256/2409-7810.2016.4.21199

Abstract: The subject of the research is the application of caution in the activity conducted by deputy prosecutors of district courts. The problem is viewed based on the analysis of Organisations of Judicial Institutions and Regulations of Criminal Proceedings as the most important regulatory acts of the Judicial Reform of 1864. Associated issues viewed by the author include application of cautions in reation to judicial and prosecuting officials as well as cautions made by the Justice of the Peace in case the police does not perform instructions of the Justice of the Peace. As a concluding provision of the article, the author makes a historical comparison between cautions used in pre-revolutionary Russia and today's law enforcement practice. The research has been carried out using the following methods: dialectical, formal logical, systems, historical legal and comparative legal methods. The results of the research have allowed to conclude that caution was used rather limitedly in activities performed by deputy prosecutors and only when there were specific legal grounds. Moreover, even though cautions of deputy prosecutors were a disciplinary action, taking into account the initial position of the latter in the hierarchy, they were more of preventive than punitive nature. Deputy prosecutors declared cautions to particular entities and in relation to a particular action being committed. The author of the article also underlines that the Russian legal system has an essential succession in the legal regulation of cautions. 
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