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Police and Investigative Activity
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MAIN PAGE > Journal "Police and Investigative Activity" > Rubric "Operative investigation in police work"
Operative investigation in police work
Abdukarimova N.E., Erdolatov C.S., Toktorov A.E., Aliev A.T. - On the Question about the Structural Construction of an Organized Criminal Group pp. 16-23

DOI:
10.25136/2409-7810.2018.2.26778

Abstract: The article is devoted to the topical issues about the structural construction of an organized criminal group. In order to develop an original approach to the problem, the authors analyze positions of the leading scientists regarding the structure of organized criminal groups. They analyze the main views of the lawyers on the matter and create a model of today's criminal pyramid and give a criminological description of it based on the specific features of its actors. The authors explain their reason for why the legal community defines levels of organized crime and carry out a content analysis of the sources that describe positions of the lawyers on the matter. As a result of their research, the authors make a conclusion that the evolutionary development of the society has been having a significant effect on the structural changes of organized crime. The authors also give a scheme of how they view the main areas of criminal behavior of an organized criminal group and describe prerequisites for the extension and reinforcement of the criminal environment. 
Badikov K.N. - Psycho-dermatoglyphic analysis of a genetic program of behavior pp. 17-25

DOI:
10.7256/2409-7810.2015.3.16164

Abstract: The research focuses on the whorls of fingerprints in the context of psycho-dermatoglyphic links. The author reasons the principle of integrity of psycho-dermatoglyphic links which makes it possible to carry out psychodiagnostics on the base of the revealed congenital cerebral pathology and its minimal clinical forms. The correlation between the system of dermatoglyphic features (general and particular) and the functional state of the brain structures accentuates the psychodiagnostic importance of psycho-dermatoglyphic links for the creation of a psychological profile. A correlative pleiad of neuropsychological and psychophysiological links forms a reflected system of correlation presented in the complex of dermal features. The calculation and analysis of these features is aimed at acquisition of psychodiagnostic information about the owner of the fingerprint. The methodology of the research contains the innovative approach to the analysis of psycho-dermatoglyphic links. The author uses the psycho-dermatoglyphic method based on statistical and morphological analysis of fingerprints. Particular dermatoglyphic features and rudiments are considered to be diagnostically important. The author uses integral analysis of general and particular features formed in the conditions of a system. The applied system of a fingerprint mapping and the analysis of psycho-dermatoglyphic links for establishing of the level of social adaptation are certified with a patent in the sphere of “Forensic medicine”. The psycho-dermatoglyphic method of the fingerprint owner establishing gives the opportunity to single out the leading psychical features of a person which influence the level of social adaptation. Psycho-dermatoglyphic links considered from the position of psychogenetics help to reveal the psycho-dermatoglyphic markers reflecting the individual genetic program of a person. 
Erdolatov C.S. - The Way of Exortion Commission as an Element of the Criminalistic Feature of Crime pp. 20-25

DOI:
10.25136/2409-7810.2018.3.26779

Abstract: The article is devoted to the analysis of the methods of extortion including those with the participation of organized criminal groups which are one of the central elements of the forensic characterization of this category of cases. For disclosing the stated topic of the article, the author based on the analysis highlighted three fundamental positions of a number of authors on the notion of the method of committing a crime as a whole, where on the basis of their critical analysis the author’s approach to this is sufficiently debatable, including relatively organized extortion. The results presented in the article are obtained on the basis of the use of such methods of scientific analysis as comparative legal analysis, deduction, induction and synthesis. The author of the article substantiates the fallacy of some positions of individual authors regarding the structure of the method of extortion with the participation of organized criminal groups. The influence of the qualitative characteristics of members of an organized group on the method of extortion is also shown. On the basis of the conducted research, a conclusion was drawn on the peculiarities of the correlation connection between the situation and the way of extortion.
Mikhalina S.P. - Personality Traits of a Participant of an Ethnic Organized Group Committing Acquisitive and Violent Crimes pp. 22-26

DOI:
10.25136/2409-7810.2018.1.25877

Abstract: In her article Mikhalina underlines the fact that it is important to know personality traits of a participant of an ethnic organized group committing acquisitive and violent crimes to develop measures aimed at prevention of acquisitive and violent crimes committed by participants of ethnic organized groups. Within the framework of the research the author of the article examines typical personality traits of a participant of an ethnic organized group committing acquisitive and violent crime. In her research Mikhalina provides results of a survey of convicted individuals who committed acquisitive and violent crime as part of an ethnic organized group. She analyzes typical personality traits of a participant of an ethnic organized group committing acquisitive and violent crime. The research is based on such methods of research as the dialectical method, analysis, synthesis, and survey. The main conclusions of the research are the following: analysis of personality traits of ethnic organized group participants committing acquisitive and violent crime is very important for criminal science; analysis of typical personality traits of ethnic organized group participants committing acquisitive and violent crimes is not limited to represented data, it is only the tip of the iceberg in the analysis of personality traits of aforesaid individuals. 
Kondrashechkin R.V. - Oustanding Problems of Law-Enforcement Practice in the Process of Operative Investigative Arrest or Seizure pp. 24-31

DOI:
10.25136/2409-7810.0.0.23038

Abstract: The subject of the research is the particularities of legal regulation of operative investigative arrest as part of operative investigative activities set forth by Article 6 of the Federal Law No. 144 of 12 August, 1995 'On Operative Investigative Activity'. According to the author of the article, current legal grounds for arrest do not consider particular features of investigative unit activities which causes certain difficulties in the law-enforcement practice. Taking into account the practical orientation of performing operative investigative arrest or seisure in the process of operative investigative activity, it is necessary to note that legal acts regulating this activity lack standards that would regulate the procedure, grounds and conditions and other aspects of applying operative investigative arrest or seizure. Based on the author, these standards should be described and fixed in legal documents. The author has used the following research methods: comparative law method to analyse legal grounds for arrest or seizure; and comparative analysis method to define conformity of possible operative subdivisions in the process of operative investigative arrest. The author focuses on oustanding problems of law-enforcement practice assocaited with the implementation of such enforcement measure as operative investigative arrest or seizure by operative subdivision officers. The scientific novelty of the research is caused by the fact that the author conducts an analysis of legal acts regulating the procedure and grounds for arrest and offers recommendations on how to improve operative investigative activity. The main conclusions of the research are as follows: there is a need to amend Article 15 of the Federal Law 'On Operative Investigative Activity' with particular legal standards regulating the grounds and conditions, procedure, and limits of operative investigative arrest or seizure of suspects or other persons in the process of operative investigative activity. 
Astishina T.V. - Detecting Individuals and Facts of Operational Interest in the Sphere of Involvement Minors into Prostitution pp. 36-44

DOI:
10.7256/2409-7810.2016.3.18851

Abstract: The article is devoted to the main provisions regulating arrangement and strategies of detecting individuals and facts of operational interest in the sphere of involvement of minors into prostition. This kind of crime is not so frequently encountered as, for example, property offences but is of certain interest for legal practitioners. Based on the results of the survey that involved Internal Affairs operating officers, the author of the article describe circumstances that influence the low level of such crime detection. The author also offers the most efficient operating methods and strategies of detecting organized crime groups which members commit this type of crime. The methodology of the research is based on general laws and principles of the dialectical approach to the reality. The author has also used general and special research methods such as observation, comparative law method, logical legal method, surveys, etc.). The issues covered by the author of the article allow to define certain aspects that canbe used in fighting against involvement into and arrangement of prostitition activities including involvement of minors as well as to describe the most efficient operating methods and means of detecting organized crime groups committing this kind of crime, and the way of their documenting. 
Mamleev R.R. - Means and Methods of Conducting Investigative Activities Aimed at Obtaining Computer Information pp. 37-45

DOI:
10.7256/2409-7810.2016.4.20785

Abstract: The article is devoted to methods and means of conducting investigative activities aimed at obtaining computer information. Based on introduction of boundary conditions in order to define a typical object to be researched as part of conducting an investigative activity, the author describes specific approaches to the preparation of such investigative activity aimed at obtaining computer information. The author analyzes development prospects of investigative activity in the sphere of computer technologies and clarifies a classification of programmed and technical means designated for unofficial obtaining of computer information. The author analyzes particularities of objects of investigative activity in the sphere of computer information and conducts a comparative analysis of typical programmed devices that may be interesting for the actors of investigative activities conducted by internal affairs. The author also makes an attempt to substantiate general principles of conducting investigative activities aimed at obtaining computer information depending on the classification of computer systems under research. The author also substantiates means and methods required to conduct an investigative activity 'obtaining computer information' as well as outlines boundary conditions for conducting an investigative activity under research. 
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