On the issue of studying a person’s skin for diagnostic and identification purposes<br>
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On the issue of studying a person’s skin for diagnostic and identification purposes
Nesmiyanova Irina Olegovna

Adjunct at the Department of Weapon Studies and Trace Evidence Analysis of the Educational and Scientific Complex of Forensics of Moscow University of the Minisry of Internal Affairs of the Russian Federation

117997, Russia, Moskovskaya Oblast' oblast', g. Moscow, ul. Akademika Volgina, 12

nesmiyanova@yandex.ru

DOI:

10.25136/2409-7810.2020.1.31570

Review date:

28-01-2020


Publish date:

12-03-2020


Abstract.

More than a hundred years has passed since fingerprints found on crime scenes started to be used for the identification of a criminal. Nowadays, fingerprints are of considerable interest for crime solution and investigation. While ridge patterns are formed during fetal life and don’t change during the life-time, lines and wrinkles are formed later, and change over time. Therefore, the author considers the possibility to use the parts of a person’s skin - lines and wrinkles - for identification. This problem hasn’t been described sufficiently enough in special literature, that’s why additional research will help improve the procedure of using skin wrinkles in practical activities during crime solution and investigation. The purpose of the research is to detect the patterns influencing the transformation of lines and wrinkles. The author uses the general scientific methods of cognition, especially observation, comparison, analysis, synthesis, induction and deduction. 
The research is aimed at the assessment of the possibility to use lines and wrinkles of a person’s skin for identification. Thus, the presence and the localization of wrinkles is an informative diagnostic criterion helping to acquire information about the gender, age, and profession of an unknown person. The author also believes that lines and wrinkles can be used for personal identification. 
 

Keywords: fingerprint examination, information, specific feat, general feat, folds wrinkles, papillary patterns, fingerprints, identification, forensic examination, inspection of the scene
This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .

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