Security Issues - rubric Confrontation and defense potentialities
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MAIN PAGE > Journal "Security Issues" > Rubric "Confrontation and defense potentialities"
Confrontation and defense potentialities
Kovalev A.A. - Prospects for Creating the Unified Army in the European Union Outside NATO pp. 34-41


Abstract: The subject of the research is the process of legislative provision for creation of sub-divisions that ensure security of European Union states. Providing that security of all EU countries is part of their foreign relations, military units act as such sub-divisions. In his article Kovalev demonstrates that this solution ensures participation of foreign expeditionary forces. He analyzes legislative initiatives and their potential implementation depending on the degree of participation of each member state in global peacekeeping operations. The research method used by the author is the comparative characteristic of the use of national military forces in each EU country as well as forecasting method that defines potential participation of a EU country in international expeditionary activities. The novelty of the research is caused by the fact that for the first time in the academic literature the author analyzes opportunity for legislative provision of building a military block based on European initiative. The researcher describes ways for implementation of the aforesaid agreement, relevant support measures and sets goals for the use of the EU countries initiative in terms of global security. The author uses direct comparison of NATO block as a centralised model built according to the sample and targets of global security based on the USA initiative and de-centralized model of European states unitiative.
Pershin Y.Y. - Hybrid warfare: untraceable armies and invisible hands pp. 48-71


Abstract: The object of this research is the concept of “hybrid forces”. Hybrid warfare is a war that employs hybrid force, which hybridity depends on whether they are composed of regular or irregular component. Initially, the irregular component involved partisans, who were later replaced by Special Forces Units, including Commando, which continued to perform a role of irregular units. Hybrid forces, in accordance with the Western doctrines, are most effective. Therefore, it appears relevant to conduct a historical overview and specify methodological approaches towards emergence, role, effectiveness, and potential usage of hybrid forces based on the data provided in foreign sources. The concept is examines its initial meaning, content and relevance of application in describing the conduct of military operations in the modern conditions. The scientific novelty of this work consists in the analysis of foreign source, which in the author’s opinion, underlies the concept of “hybrid warfare”. The historical retrospective, presented in the source, would help theoreticians of hybrid warfare to define this concept with more precision. The conclusion is made that the phenomenon recently dubbed as “hybrid warfare” and “hybrid forces” is not new and has analogues in human history.
Pershin Y.Y. - Comments on "hybrid warfare" pp. 63-85


Abstract: The notion of “hybrid war / threat” is used quite frequently nowadays, but different authors use it in different senses and meanings. We consider this concept as unstable and not amenable to detailed classification, but it is theoretically attractive because it can contain a large number of meanings. In the context of a significant degree of regulation of the military science in the USA, such an abstract concept is some kind of a “lifeline” for authors wishing to avoid detailed classification. We should say that the concept of “hybrid war / threat” is yet another “intellectual virus” (term of Gadi Eizenkot, Chief of General Staff of the Israel Defense Forces), elaborated on the basis of the military experience of the Second Lebanon war (Israel – Hezbollah war of 2006). This statement can also be confirmed by the curious use of this concept by some authors, who are far from a military theoretical thought. We think it is necessary to draw our attention to the authors who don't not use the misleading terms like the notorious “hybrid war”. We also think that all possible combinations of all modern methods of warfare and confrontation could be described without such a new-fashioned and vague term.
Pershin Y.Y. - Hybrid warfare: lots of noise out of nothing pp. 78-109


Abstract: The object of this research is the concept of “hybrid warfare/threat”. Such choice is substantiated by two facts: modern authors impart different meanings and content to this concept, often far from the initial; this concept is tautological, since “hybrid” is the characteristics of virtually any war, or application of a combination of various tactics and methods (except weapon of mass destruction) by the opponents. Therefore, the author believe that determination of “hybridism” attributable for multiple wars as a special type of warfare is inappropriate. The concepts is examined for its initial meanings, as well as relevance of interpretation in describing the conduct of military operations in modern conditions. The research is structures on the comparative analysis of original source that first employed the concept of “hybrid warfare”, as well as methodological guidance of this source. The scientific novelty first and foremost consists in author’s attempt to undermine the scientific research representing one of the versions of the genesis of “hybrid warfare” concept, as well as verify methodological sources used for development and explanation of this concept. The author also calls into question the relevance of the definition of “hybrid warfare”. It is concluded that the concept of “hybrid warfare/threat” is not operational, but has a tinge of ideology.
Ryazanov L.F., Starodub I.V. - The network principle of “hybrid wars” organization pp. 80-88


Abstract: The research subject covers the issues of wars’ format and content change in the 21st century conditioned by the change of the international relations paradigm. Based on the retrospective and prospective analyses, the authors discuss the question whether the hybrid war is something new or it is a development of a known phenomenon. The authors take into consideration the fact that the main objective of network wars is conducting the operations in the form of basic effects defined as a set of actions aimed at the formation of the model of conduct of friends, neutral powers and enemies in the context of peace, crisis and war; the object of the network impact includes all spheres of life: the physical, information, cognitive, and social. The research methodology combines the methods of strategy, tactics, the system analysis, art of war, major tactics, and the system activity approach. The authors conclude that a hybrid (network) war is a grim reality, and the modern wars are the polygons for training the forms, ways and methods of hybrid wars. In a military and practical sense, a network war allows moving from the attrition warfare to a more transient and a more effective war, in which the troops, owing to their information advantages, realize the principle of massing of results instead of massing of forces. As a result of such actions, the enemy loses the capacity to act and falls into shock, and can be defeated. 
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