Статья 'Духовно-религиозные основы суицидального терроризма: идеология Глобального Джихада как психологическая мотивация оправдания суицидального терроризма исламскими радикалами ' - журнал 'Вопросы безопасности' - NotaBene.ru
по
Journal Menu
> Issues > Rubrics > About journal > Authors > About the Journal > Requirements for publication > Editorial collegium > Peer-review process > Policy of publication. Aims & Scope. > Article retraction > Ethics > Online First Pre-Publication > Copyright & Licensing Policy > Digital archiving policy > Open Access Policy > Open access publishing costs > Article Identification Policy > Plagiarism check policy
Journals in science databases
About the Journal

Публикация за 72 часа - теперь это реальность!
При необходимости издательство предоставляет авторам услугу сверхсрочной полноценной публикации. Уже через 72 часа статья появляется в числе опубликованных на сайте издательства с DOI и номерами страниц.
По первому требованию предоставляем все подтверждающие публикацию документы!
MAIN PAGE > Back to contents
Security Issues
Reference:

The spiritual and religious bases for suicidal terrorism: the ideology of “Global Jihad” as a psychological motivation for the suicide terrorism by Islamic radicals.

Sosnin Vyacheslav Aleksandrovich

PhD in Psychology

Senior Scientific Researcher, Associate Professor, Department of Economic and Organization Psychology of the Institute of Psychology of the Russian Academy of Sciences

Russia, 129366, Moskva, ul. Yaroslavskaya, d.13.

sosninrus@rambler.ru

DOI:

10.7256/2306-0417.2013.2.614

Review date:

17-03-2013


Publish date:

1-4-2013


Abstract.

The article is devoted to the spiritual and religious bases for the suicidal terrorism and the ideology of Global Jihad as a psychological motivation of suicide terrorism by the Islamic radicals. The author provides conceptual positions on the correlations between the concept of terrorism in general and suicide terrorism in particular.  He analyzes the topical issues of Fundamentalism and its revival in the Islamic world in the current geo-political conditions. He evaluates ideological and psychological bases of the views on suicidal terrorism as martyrdom  by the ideologists of Al-Qaeda (Ben- Laden, Al-Zavahiri). He also analyzes the psychology of motivation of suicide terrorists from the canonical Koran positions. He refers to the ways of fighting terrorism in the current conditions. The main goal of this article is to explain to the scientists specific features of spiritual and religious motivations of followers and performers of terrorism and to indirectly show that the problem of fighting terrorism in the current geo-political situation is not  limited to "bombs and rackets" issue, or holding military and anti-terrorism actions (while military and intelligence elements of this fight are important).  It is a fight in the sphere of morals and ideology, and it is a long-term one at that. It might take decades. And the information resistance should include psychological operations among the other technologies.

Keywords: psychology, jihad, terrorism, spiritual and religious motivation, ideology of Al-Qaeda, martyrdom, the Koran, radicalism, fundamentalism, psychological operations
This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .

References
1.
Gumanitarnye strategii antiterrora. Psikhologiya i psikhopatologiya terrorizma. / Pod red. prof. M.M. Reshetnikova. SPb: Vostochno-Evropeiskii institut psikhoanaliza, 2004.
2.
Enikolopov S.N. Terrorizm i agressivnoe povedenie // Natsional'nyi psikhologicheskii zhurnal, 2006. № 1. c.28-32.
3.
Koran. M: Gl. redaktsiya vostochnoi literatury izdatel'stva «Nauka», 1990.
4.
Luis B. Islam i Zapad. Seriya «Dialog». M.: Bibleisko-bogoslovskii institut sv. ap. Andreya, 2003.
5.
Mar'in M.I., Kasperovich Yu.G. Psikhologicheskoe obespechenie antiterroristicheskoi deyatel'nosti. M.: Izd. tsentr «Akademiya», 2007.
6.
Mokhaddam F. Terrorizm s tochki zreniya terroristov: chto oni perezhivayut i dumayut i pochemu obrashchayutsya k nasiliyu. M.: «Forum», per. s angliiskogo, 2011.
7.
Sosnin V.A. Terrorizm nachala XXI veka: problema interpretatsii i istochnikov terrorizma (o sotsial'no-psikhologicheskikh i ideinykh istokakh sovremennogo terrorizma) / Terrorizm v sovremennom mire. Opyt mezhdistsiplinarnogo analiza (materialy kruglogo stola) // Voprosy filosofii, 2005. № 6. s.3-36.
8.
Sosnin V.A. Sovremennyi terrorizm i problema motivatsii terroristov-smertnikov // Prikladnaya yuridicheskaya psikhologiya, N4, 2010, s. 43-50.
9.
Sosnin V. A. Psikhologiya suitsidal'nogo terrorizma v KhKh1veke: istoricheskie paralleli i sovremennye geopoliticheskie tendentsii // Psikhologicheskii zhurnal, 2011, t. 32, № 4, s. 32-46.
10.
Sosnin V. A. Dukhovno-nravstvennye osnovy suitsidal'nogo terrorizma // Psikhologicheskie issledovaniya dukhovno-nravstvennykh problem / Otv. red. A.L. Zhuravlev, A.V. Yurevich, M.: Institut psikhologii RAN. 2011, s. 355-388.
11.
Tkhostov A.Sh., Surnov K.N. Motivatsiya terrorista // Natsional'nyi psikhologicheskii zhurnal, 2007. № 1(2), s. 27-32.
12.
Abadine A. Poverty, Political Freedom and the Roots of Terrorism. October. 2004 ( http/ Ksshome. Horvard/ - aabadine/ povther.ptf/).
13.
Abi-Hashem N. Peace and War in the Middle East: A Psychopolitical and Social-cultural Perspective - In: Understanding terrorism: Psychological roots, consequences and interventions / F. Moghaddam and A. Marsella (Eds.). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association, 2004.
14.
Analyzen zum Terrorizmus. T. 1-4. Dramstadt: Deutsher Verlag, 1981, 1982, 1983, 1984.
15.
Attack on Terrorism - Inside Al-Qaeda. Financial Times. N. 30, 2010
16.
Armstrong K. The battle for God: Fundamentalism, N. Y., 2000.
17.
Bloom M. Dying to Kill: The Global Phenomenon of Suicide Terror. N.Y.: Columbia University Press, 2005.
18.
Bodansky Y. Bin Laden: The man who declared war on America. N. Y.: Random House/Forum, 2001.
19.
Choueiri Y. V. Islamic fundamentalism, Boston: Tawayne, 1990.
20.
Cote J., Levine C. Identity, formation, and culture: A social psychological synthesis. Mahwah, NJ: Erlbaum, 2002.
21.
Dwairy M. Cross-cultural counseling: The Arab-Palestinian case. N. Y.: Haworth Press, 1998.
22.
Emerson S. American Jihad: The terrorists Living Among US. Columbus, OH: Free Press, 2003.
23.
Falk O., Morgenshtern H (Eds). Suicide terror: understanding and confronting the threat. N.J.:John Willey Sons, Inc., Hoboken, 2009.
24.
Fukujama F. The end of History and the last man. London, N.Y. etc., 1992.
25.
Gabriel M. Islam and Terrorism. Lake Mary, FL: Charisma House, 2002.
26.
Harrington S.P. The clash of civilizations and the Remaking of World Order. N.Y. etc. Simon & Schuster, 1996.
27.
Hoveyda F. The broken crescent: The “threat” of militant Islamic fundamentalism. Westport, CT: Praeger, 1998.
28.
Ibrahim R. The Al Queda Reader. NY: Brodway Vooks, 2007.
29.
Kernberg O. Borderline Conditions and Pathological Narsissism. N. Y.: Jacob Aronson, 1975.
30.
Laquer W. The new Terrorism: Fanaticism and the Arms of Mass Destructions.N.Y.:Oxford Univ. Press, 1999.
31.
Malik H. C. Between Damascus and Jerusalem: Lebanon and Middle East peace (2nd ed.). Washington, DC: The Washington Institute for Eastern Policy, 2000.
32.
Marsella A.J. Reflections on international terrorism: issues, concepts, and directions - In: Understanding terrorism: Psychological roots, consequences and interventions / F. Moghaddam and A. Marsella (Eds.). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association, 2004.
33.
McTernan O. (ed). The Roots of Terrorism: Contemporary Trends and Traditional Analysis . Brussels NATO Science Series, 2004.
34.
Mittleman J. The globalization syndrome: Transformation and resistance. Princeton, NJ: Princeton, University Press, Mittleman, 2000.
35.
Moghaddam F. Palestinian Suicide Terrorism in the Second Intifada : Motivations and Organizational Aspects // Studies in Conflict and Terrorism, 26 (2), February/March 2003.
36.
Moghaddam F. Suicide binges in the Israeli -Palestinian Conflict: A Conceptual Framework . Project for the Research of Islamist Movements // Inter Disciplinary Center, Herzliya, Israel, 2003.
37.
Moghaddam F. M. From the terrorists” point of view: What They Experience and Why They Come to Destroy. Praeger security international. Westport, Connecticut, London, 2006.
38.
Morgan J. N. Try little humility [Letter to editor]. // The New York Times, 2002, January 2, R. A19.
39.
Moussalli A. S. Introduction to Islamic fundamentalism: Realities, ideologies, and international politics -In: A. S. Moussalli (Ed.), Islamic fundamentalism: Myths and realities. Reading, United Kingdom: Ithaca Press, 1998.
40.
Post J. «Hostilité», «Conformité», «Fraternité»: The Group Dynamics of Terrorist Behavior // International Journal of Croup Psychotherapy, 1986, 36, no. 2, R. 211-224.
41.
Post J. Terrorist psycho-logic: terrorist behavior as the product of psychological forces // Origins of Terrorism. Ed. by W. Reich. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, 1990, R. 25-40.
42.
Post J., Sprinzak E., and Denny L. The Terrorists in Their Own Words: Interviews with 35 Incarcerated Middle Eastern Terrorists // Terrorism and Political Violence, 2004, 15 (1), P.171 – 184.
43.
Rothman J. From confrontation to cooperation: Resolving ethnic and regional conflict. Newbury Park, CA: Sage, 1992.
44.
Schmid A.P. et al. Political terrorism: A New Guide to Actors. Author Concepts, data Bases, Theories and Literature. N. Brunswick: NJ: Translation Books, 1988.
45.
Speckhard A. Understanding Suicide Terrorism: Countering Human Bombs and Their Senders // The Atlantic Council, July 2005.
46.
Spencer J. Turkey Offers Reform for Kurdish Minority // The Christian Science Monitor, March, 13, 2008, P.99-107.
47.
Steele J. U. S. claims right to pre-emptive strikes. // The Guardian Weekly, June 13-19, 2002.
48.
Tamimi A., Esposito J. L. Islam and secularism in the Middle East. N. Y.: New York University Press, 2000.
49.
Terrorgence, May, 2008, Internet Forum (http.//www.secondworldwar.co.uk/casualty.html.).
50.
The Banality of Evil: Understanding and Defusing Today’s Human Bombs, 2003.
51.
Vidino L. The Muslim Brotherhood’s Conquest of Europe // Middle East Quarterly, Winter, 2005 (http:/www.meformum.org/article/687#_ftn1).
52.
Volkan V. Bloodlines: From ethnic pride to ethnic terrorism. N. Y.: Farrar, Straus, and Giroux, 1997.
53.
Undercurrent of hostility toward U. S. in Arab world // The Seattle Times, 2002, September 12, R. A10.
54.
Woodberry J. D. Reflections of Islamist terrorism // Fuller Focus, 10 (1), 2002, Spring, P. 4-15.
55.
Youssef M. America, oil and the Islamic mind: The real crisis is the gulf between our ways of thinking. Grand Rapids, MI: Zondervan, 1991.
Link to this article

You can simply select and copy link from below text field.


Other our sites:
Official Website of NOTA BENE / Aurora Group s.r.o.
"History Illustrated" Website