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Reference:

Experimental Approbation of a Mathematical Model Used to Assess the Collective Fire Hazard Risk of Automobile Gas Stations

Shakhmanov Fanis Faritovich

PhD in Technical Science

Senior Lecturer, Department of Fire Safety, Ufa Aviation Technical University

450017, Russia, respublika Bashkortostan, g. Ufa, ul. 8 Marta, 12/1, kab. 553

fanissss@mail.ru
Fomin Aleksandr Viktorovich

PhD in Technical Science

professor of the Department of Supervisory Activity at Saint Petersburg University of State Fire Service of Emercom of Russia

196105, Russia, g. Saint Petersburg, pr. Moskovskii, 149

fom-deg@yandex.ru

DOI:

10.25136/2409-7543.2018.4.26807

Review date:

07-07-2018


Publish date:

14-07-2018


Abstract.

The subject of the research is the assessment of the fire hazard risk of automobile gas stations for the purpose of establishing a risk-oriented approach to performing the federal state fire supervision. The risk-oriented approach implies the method of supervision that defines the frequency of audits based on referring a facility to a certain risk category. The results of analysing the risk-oriented approach to performing federal state fire supervision of automobile gas stations demonstrate that criteria that are used to assess the collective fire hazard risk do not include the probability and severity of harm that can be caused to people during fire. The authors offer their own mathematical model for assessing the collective fire hazard risk that takes into account the probability and severity of potential negative consequences of fire at an automobile gas station. Results of the experimental approbation of the aforesaid mathematical model have demonstrated that the model answers the requirements of the applicable legislation of the Russian Federation about the need to take into account the probability and severity of potential negative consequences of fire for people and allows to clarify the frequency of audits. The model can apply to other immovable hazard locations of a similar class of functional fire hazard. 

Keywords: fire hazard, experimental approbation, mathematical model, collective fire risk, risk category, state fire supervision, automobile gas stations, risk-oriented approach, fire hazard assessment, potential consequences of a fire
This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .

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